Connemara


Connemara
Twelve Bens.
Connemara on a cloudy day.
A view of Connemara, taken from the N59 road.

Connemara (Irish: Conamara) is a district in the west of Ireland consisting of a broad peninsula between Killary Harbour and Kilkieran Bay in the west of County Galway.

Contents

Overview

The term Connemara is frequently used (although incorrectly) to describe all of County Galway west of Lough Corrib. It is also used to describe the Gaeltacht (Irish-speaking areas) of western County Galway; however, this is inaccurate as some of these areas are outside of the traditional boundary of Connemara. Another misconception is that Connemara's eastern boundary ends around Inverin and Maam Cross.[citation needed]

Etymology

"Connemara" derives from the tribal name Conmacne Mara, which designated a branch of the Conmacne, an early tribal grouping that had a number of branches located in different parts of Connacht. Since this particular branch of the Conmacne lived by the sea, they became known as the Conmacne Mara. (Sea in Irish is muir, genitive mara, hence "of the sea".) The area in the east of what is now Connemara was called Delbhna Tír Dhá Locha.

Geography

Connemara lies in the territory of Iar Connacht, "West Connacht", which is the portion of County Galway west of Lough Corrib. Connemara was traditionally divided into North Connemara and South Connemara. The mountains of the Twelve Bens and the Owenglin River, which flows into the sea at An Clochán/Clifden, marked the boundary between the two parts. Connemara is bounded on the west, south and north by the Atlantic Ocean. Connemara's land boundary with the rest of County Galway is marked by the Invermore River (which flows into the north of Kilkieran Bay), Loch Oorid, (which lies a few miles west of Maam Cross), and the western spine of the Maumturks mountains. In the north of the mountains, the boundary meets the sea at Killary, a few miles west of Leenaun.

Connemara is composed of the Catholic parishes of Carna, Clifden (Omey and Ballindoon), Ballynakill, Roundstone and Inishbofin.[citation needed] The territory contains the civil parishes of Moyrus, Ballynakill, Omey, Ballindoon and Inishbofin (the last parish was for a time part of the territory of the Clann Uí Mháille, the O Malleys of the territory of Umhall, County Mayo.)

History

The Ó Cadhla (Kealy) clan were the rulers of Connemara up until the 13th century, when they were displaced by the Ó Flaithbertaighs. The latter had fled into Iar Connacht from Maigh Seola during the English invasion of Connacht in the early 13th century.

Like the Ó Cadhla clan, the Mac Conghaile (Conneely) clan was also a branch of the Conmhaicne Mara.[citation needed]

The coast of Connemara consists of a number of peninsulas. The peninsula of Iorras Ainbhtheach (sometimes corrupted to Iorras Aithneach) in the south is the largest and contains the villages of Carna and Kilkieran. The peninsula of Errismore consists of the area west of the village of Ballyconneely. Errisbeg peninsula lies to the south of the village of Roundstone. The Errislannan peninsula lies just south of the town of Clifden. The peninsulas of Kingstown, Aughris, Cleggan and Renvyle are found in the north-west of Connemara. Of the numerous islands off the coast of Connemara, Inishbofin is the largest; other islands include Omey, Inishark, High Island, Friars Island, Feenish and Maínis.

The main town of Connemara is Clifden. The area around the town is rich with megalithic tombs. The famous "Connemara Green marble" is found outcropping along a line between Streamstown and Lissoughter. It was a trade treasure used by the inhabitants of the prehistoric time. It continues to be of great value today. It is available in large dimensional slabs suitable for buildings as well as for smaller pieces of jewellery. It is used for the pendant for the Scouting Ireland Chief Scout's Award, the highest award in Irish Scouting.

Notable towns and villages

Notable islands

Other uses

Annalistic references

  • 807. A slaughter was made of the Conmaicni by the foreigners.

Notable people associated with Connemara

Indian prince and cricketing superstar Maharaja Jam Sahib of Nawanagar, the first head of state to make an official visit to the newly-founded Irish Free State, bought Ballynahinch Castle estate and visited the area every year till his death in 1932.

Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein was a temporary resident, for some months in 1948, at Rosroe on Killary Harbour.

Cartographer Tim Robinson has lived many years in Connemara and published books on the area.

See also

Coordinates: 53°30′05″N 9°50′50″W / 53.501321°N 9.847183°W / 53.501321; -9.847183

References

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey of Ireland map 44 spells it Sraith Salach.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Connemara — Connemara, Landschaft in der irischen Provinz Connaught, der westliche Teil der Grafschaft Galway (s.d.), am Atlantischen Ozean, wegen ihrer wilden Szenerien mit Bergströmen, Seen und Wasserfällen gewöhnlich die Irischen Hochlande genannt. Ihren… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Connemara — Connemāra, die »Irischen Hochlande«, öde Berglandschaft (730 m) in der irischen Grafsch. Galway …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Connemara —   [kɔnɪ mɑːrə], von Deckenmooren überzogenes Bergland im Westen der County Galway, Westirland; Hauptgruppe sind die Quarzitkuppen der Twelve Bens (bis 730 m über dem Meeresspiegel).   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Connemara — Lago Derryclare. Connemara (en irlandés: Conamara), el cual deriva de Conmhaicne Mara (que significa: descendientes de Con Mhac, del mar), es una zona al oeste de Irlanda que comprende una amplia península entre el puerto de Killary y la bahía… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Connemara — 53° 30′ 05″ N 9° 50′ 50″ W / 53.50132, 9.84718 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Connemara — Landschaft in Connemara See in Connemara Connemara (irisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Connemara — Con·ne·ma·ra (kŏn ə märʹə) A region of western Ireland on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The area is noted for its peat bogs and mountainous terrain. * * * ▪ breed of pony  breed of pony (horse) native to the Connemara area of Ireland, used as… …   Universalium

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