Democratic Centre (France)

Democratic Centre
Centre Démocrate
President Jean Lecanuet
Secretary-General Pierre Abelin
Founded 1966 (1966)
Dissolved 1976 (1976)
Merger of MRP, CNIP
Merged into CDS
Ideology Christian democracy, centrism
International affiliation Christian Democrat World Union
European affiliation European Union of Christian Democrats
European Parliament Group Christian Democratic Group
Official colours Light blue
Politics of France
Political parties
Elections

Democratic Centre was a French Christian-Democratic and centrist party. It existed from 1966 to 1976 when it merged with another party into the Centre of Social Democrats.

History

It was founded on 2 February 1966 by Jean Lecanuet after his 1965 presidential campaign. It came from the merger of the Christian Democratic and centrist Popular Republican Movement (MRP) and the liberal and conservative National Center of Independents and Peasants (CNIP). Its goal was to incarnate a third way between the left-wing opposition (which was Marxist and anticlerical) and the Gaullist coalition (accused of being Eurosceptic, nationalist and authoritarian).

Before the 1967 legislative election, some Christian-Democrats left the party to join the Gaullist movement Union of Democrats for the Fifth Republic. One year later, the CNIP left the Democratic Centre.

In 1969, the party called for a "no" vote at the referendum about regionalization and Senate reform which caused the resignation of De Gaulle. At the ensuing presidential election it supported the candidacy of Alain Poher, chairman of the Senate. He reached the second round but was defeated by Georges Pompidou, a former Gaullist Prime Minister. After that, some centrists joined the presidential majority and the cabinet of Jacques Chaban-Delmas, a reforming Gaullist. They founded Centre, Democracy and Progress (CDP). At the beginning of the 1970s there were therefore two centrist parties: the CDP, a component of the presidential majority, and the Democratic Centre, which remained in opposition.

The Democratic Centre, always led by Jean Lecanuet, allied with the centre-left Radical Party of Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber in the Reforming Movement of 1972, in order to propose a third way between the Common Programme of the left and the Gaullist presidential majority. Nevertheless, due to the ballot system in the legislative election (the Two-round system), it concluded electoral agreements with the presidential majority in a number of constituencies in 1973. Finally, it supported the winning presidential candidacy of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing at the 1974 election and was integrated into the presidential majority.

On 23 May 1976, the Democratic Centre merged with the CDP into the Centre of Social Democrats (CDS). The CDS joined on 1 February 1978 the newly founded alliance Union for French Democracy of Giscard d'Estaing.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Democratic Movement (France) — Democratic Movement Mouvement démocrate Leader François Bayrou Founded 1 December 2007 …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Force (France) — Democratic Force was a French centrist political party founded in 1995 by the merger between the centrist components of the Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française or UDF): the Christian democratic Centre of Social… …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Convention (France) — Democratic Convention (Convention démocrate, CD) is a centrist liberal political party in France led by Hervé de Charette. It is the continuation of the Popular Party for French Democracy, established in 1995. The Popular Party for French… …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Centre — may refer to: Democratic Centre (Croatia) Democratic Centre (France) Democratic Centre (Republic of Macedonia) Democratic Centre (Serbia) Democratic Centre of Boka, Montenegro Democratic Centre Party (Mexico) Democratic Centre Union (Switzerland) …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic and Social Centre (France) — The Democratic and Social Centre ( Centre des démocrates sociaux , CDS) was a French Christian democratic party.It was founded on May 23,1976 by the merger of the Democratic Centre, Centre, Democracy and Progress, and former members of the MRP,… …   Wikipedia

  • Popular Democratic Party (France) — The Popular Democratic Party (French: Parti démocrate populaire, PDP) was a non confessional Christian democratic party in France during the Third Republic. Founded in 1924, it represented the trend of advanced French social Catholicism, while… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Democratic Party (France) — The Christian Democratic Party (Parti chrétien démocrate, PCD) is a conservative Christian democratic party in France. The party was known as the Forum of Social Republicans (FRS) between 2001 and June 2009 before being adopting its current… …   Wikipedia

  • Social Democratic Party (France) — The Social Democratic Party ( Parti social démocrate , PSD) was a French centrist social democratic party.Originally named Democratic Socialist Movement of France ( Mouvement démocrate socialiste de France , MDSF), it was founded in 1973, by a… …   Wikipedia

  • Centre of Social Democrats — Centre des démocrates sociaux President Jean Lecanuet (first) François Bayrou (last) Secretary General Jacques Barrot (first) Philippe Douste Blazy (last) …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Party (Italy) — Democratic Party Partito Democratico Secretary Pier Luigi Bersani Deputy Secretary …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.