Lealholm

infobox UK place
country = England
latitude= 54.458921
longitude= -0.825069
official_name= Lealholm
population = 974 (total for Glaisdale parish, 2001)
civil_parish = Glaisdale
shire_district= Scarborough
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
shire_county = North Yorkshire
constituency_westminster= Scarborough and Whitby
post_town= WHITBY
postcode_district= YO21
postcode_area= YO
dial_code= 01947
os_grid_reference= NZ762076
static_

static_image_caption=Lealholm in Winter
london_distance=

Lealholm, sometimes known as Lealholm Bridge, is a small village in the Glaisdale civil parish of the Borough of Scarborough, in North Yorkshire, England. It is sited at a crossing point of the River Esk, in Eskdale which is within the North York Moors National Park. It is Convert|9.5|mi|km|lk=on by road from the nearest town of Whitby, and approximately Convert|27|mi|km|lk=off from both Middlesbrough and Scarborough. The village is typical of those found all across the North York Moors which straddle the main through-routes along the valley bottoms. It is mostly built of local stone with pantiled or slate roofs. cite web|url=http://www.glaisdalepc.org.uk/Pages/Parish%20Map.htm |title=Glaisdale Parish |accessdate=2008-05-30 |publisher=Glaisdale Parish Council ]

Settlement around modern-day Lealholm can be traced back to the "Domesday Book" of 1086, with entries concerning the Manor of Crumbeclive and "Lelum" at the site of Lealholm Hall, Lealholmside. [cite book |title=The Manor, Lordship and Castle of Danby |last=Davison |first=John |publisher= Horne & Son Ltd. |year=1964| page=12] Lealholmside is a hamlet by Lealholm, and was a popular location with the photographer Francis Meadow Sutcliffe. A honeypot during the summer months, Lealholm is located midway along the Esk valley between the villages of Glaisdale, to the east and Danby to the west. Lealholm is on the route of the Esk valley railway line, which runs from Whitby to Middlesbrough, and is served by Lealholm railway station. A large part of the community is involved in farming due to the high fertility of the slopes in Eskdale, whilst other members of the community are involved in tourism or commute to industrial centres such as Middlesbrough. This led to the economy of the area being hard hit by the 2001 UK foot and mouth crisis.

Lealhom was a place of affection for Irish-born poet John Castillo, who wrote "Ah lovely Lealholm! Where shall I begin. To say what thou art now and once hast been?". [cite book
last = Castillo
first = John
authorlink = John Castillo
title = Awd Isaac, The Steeplechase, and Other Poems; With a Glossary of the Yorkshire Dialect
accessdate =
year = 1843
publisher = Home & Richardson
]

History

The origins of this community stretch back to a period when farming and the movement of stock was almost exclusively the main source of activity. Lealholm was a convenient place for travellers to cross the River Esk. People set up residence here in the hope and expectation of earning a living from such travellers. The etymology of the Lealholm name is uncertain but "lǣl" was the word for a willow twig or withy in the Old English language and holm was a settlement, thus the settlement by or near the willow trees. [cite book | last = Ekwall | first = Eliert | title = The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names | publisher = Oxford University Press | date = 1960 | location = Oxford | pages = 292 | id = | isbn = 0198691033 ] At the time of the Domesday survey, the site of the current village was heavily wooded, but with five charcoal-hungry iron smelting furnaces operating at the manor by 1274 A.D, the valley floor was cleared quickly of trees enabling drainage, cultivation and settlement of the land.cite book |title=The Manor, Lordship and Castle of Danby |last=Davison |first=John |publisher= Horne & Son Ltd. |year=1964| page=68] Fulling mills, hostelries and other traders set up bases around this river crossing and thereby formed the nucleus of today's village centre. Until the middle of the 19th century Lealholm was the main centre of the parish of Glaisdale and many of the parish offices and functions were administered from here. Lealholm was home to at least one mill for centuries, and the earliest records show a water mill located within the village in 1336 belonging to the Lord of the Manor, William le Latimer, 3rd Baron of Danby. As the mill was fed by the small Cow Beck, water could have been in short supply during dry summer months, and by 1709 it was demolished. A Quaker, Thomas Whatson, built a new mill on the old site, constructing a long mill-race from Crunkly Ghyll through the village to join Cow Beck. The mill-race now forms the boundary of the cricket pitch surrounding it on most sides as it passes the mill. The mill owners had the authority to clean and remove any woodland, earth or rubbish within Convert|40|yd|m|lk=off of the mill-race. Also, "all persons that shall grind corn and grain at the mill" had the right "to sieve and sift on two parcels of ground called Adam Rigg and Ellergates". Thus, the outcrop of hillside rising towards the station became known as Oatmeal Hill. When the semi-detached houses at 3 and 4 Railway Cottages were purchased 1970, they were combined and the building became known as "Oatmill Cottage". The village also had a paper mill, which employed up to 20 people in its heyday. [cite book | last = Graves | first = John | title = The History of Cleveland, in the North Riding of the County of York | publisher = Printed by F. Jollie and | date = 1808 | id = | isbn = ] The site is now a garden centre, known as "Poet's Corner" after John Castillo, who lived in a cottage on the site, now demolished. [cite book |title=Chronicles of Lealholm & Glaisdale |last=Davison |first=John |publisher= J.W. and M.E. Duck |year=1974] In more recent times, a mill, owned by the Nelson family, was used as the village hall, and became known as Nelson Hall. In the late 1980s it was sold and converted into a house.

The way of life in the village changed little over the centuries as the farming was always the mixed inbyland and open moors system. Village craftsmen such as blacksmiths and joiners provided for the needs of their own farming community and combined their specialist skills with subsistence farming. An 1823 trade directory lists 17 farmers, four shoemakers, three corn millers, two blacksmiths, two butchers, two victuallers (one also a tallow chandler), a tailor, a wheelwright, and a "blue, brown, and shop paper manufacturer" in Lealholm. [cite web|url=http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/Danby/Danby23.html|title=Transcript of the entry of "professions and trades" for LEALHOLM in Baines's Directory of 1823|work=GENUKI|accessdate=2008-06-26] The Industrial Revolution absorbed some of the local population as the nearby boom town of Middlesbrough expanded its iron and steel industry but essentially, in this remote area, the farming economy survived until after World War II and the mechanisation of agriculture.

Despite Queen Elizabeth I's Penal laws, Catholicism flourished across many parts of Yorkshire and Lancashire during the 1600s, thanks to the support of local gentry [cite web |url=http://eskvalley-rc.com/History.htm |title=A History of Catholicism in the Esk Valley |accessdate=2008-03-09 |format=HTML |work=RC Churches in the Esk Valley] and priests such as Fr. Nicholas Postgate. [cite web |url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12319a.htm |title=Ven. Nicholas Postgate |accessdate=2008-03-09 |format=HTML |work=Catholic Encyclopedia] Today, Catholic churches are sited at both Lealholm and Egton Bridge along the Esk Valley.

On Friday 27 April 1979, an USAF Phantom aircraft from Alconbury was performing low level tactical reconnaissance over the North York Moors when the engine stalled. The aircraft banked left, striking the ground to the west of Lealholmside before cartwheeling in a fireball across fields for almost half a mile below the houses. Pilot Major Donald Lee Schuyler and Navigator Lt Thomas Wheeler were killed in the crash. It is believed that the crew carefully guided the stricken craft away from the village where the local primary school was full of children, who began classes just half an hour before the accident. A memorial stone, erected by villagers, stands on the site of the crash alongside the road between Lealholm and Lealholmside. [cite web |url=http://www.allenby.info/aircraft/planes/61-80/0560.html |title=Phantom at Lealholm |accessdate=2008-03-10 |format=HTML |work=Aircraft crashes on the North Yorkshire Moors |author=Richard Allenby] [cite web |url=http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/1968.html |title=1968 USAF Serial Numbers |accessdate=2008-03-09 |format=HTML |work=USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers - 1908 to Present| author=Joe Baugher]

Governance

Lealhom's first tier of local government is Glaisdale Parish Council, where Lealholm ward elects three of the seven councillors, the others representing Glaisdale ward. Unusually, the two wards are represented separately at the next tier of government, the borough (non-metropolitan district). [cite web|url=http://www.glaisdalepc.org.uk/|title=What is the Parish Council|work=Glaisdale Parish Council|accessdate=2008-06-05]

Lealholm is in the non-metropolitan district of Scarborough, within which it is in the Danby ward, represented as of May 2008 by one Conservative councillor. It is in North Yorkshire non-metropolitan county, within which it is in the Esk Valley electoral district, represented as of May 2008 by one Conservative councillor.cite web|url=http://www.writetothem.com/who?pc=YO21+2AJ&fyr_extref=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.northyorks.gov.uk%2Findex.aspx%3Farticleid%3D2890|title=Result of search on postcode YO21 2AJ|work=Write to them|accessdate=2008-05-29]

Lealholm is in the Scarborough and Whitby parliamentary constituency, currently represented by Conservative Robert Goodwill, who won the seat from Labour in 2005. It is in the European constituency of Yorkshire and the Humber, represented since 2004 by two Labour, two Conservative, one Liberal Democrat and one UKIP MEPs.

Geography

At the head of the village stands the woodland and steep sided valley of Crunkly Ghyll, a ravine carved by the River Esk through the hillside where the river drops Convert|100|ft|m|lk=on from the valley above to reach the village. It was formed during the last great ice age as a huge wall of ice moved across the landscape carving out what is now the Esk Valley as far as Lealholm. At its head it formed a massive dam blocking the flow of water from above and creating a lake running back up the valley to Commondale. As the ice melted, the river forced its way out carving the present-day ravine. [ cite journal|title=Proglacial Lake Eskdale after sixty years|journal=Trans. Inst. Br.Geographers|date=1965|first=KJ|last=Gregory|volume=36|issue=|pages=149–62|accessdate=2008-05-30 ]

The main village of Lealholm is situated at the bottom of Crunkly Ghyll (sometimes spelled "Crunkley" and "Gill"), a deep cutting where the river emerges into the flat bottom of a glacial U-shaped valley. This was crucial to its development as a settlement, becoming an important crossing point over the River Esk where the valley flattens out, becoming shallow at end of a sharp bend in the river before slowing to a deeper meandering course further downstream. The remains of the fording point are still visible next to the arched bridge used today, which dates back to the 17th Century. Three roads lead from the centre of the village, one follows the river up the valley towards Danby; the second heads north past the hamlet of Lealholmside and across the moors towards Whitby; and the third leads south, towards Fryup and Rosedale. [cite book | last = Philip's | title = Ordnance Survey Motoring Atlas Britain | publisher = Philip's | date = 2002-07-08 | id = | isbn = 0540082287 ]

Typical of the area are the medieval cruck-built longhouses of Lealholm. These were constructed as single storey combined dwelling and beast houses and made of the local Jurassic limestone. Originally they had ling thatched roofs, but they were mostly re-roofed in the 19th century with slate or pantiles.

Despite having less than 50 houses within the boundaries of the main settlement, Lealholm has a selection of amenities, including a village shop, post office, petrol station and farm goods store. It also has the Forge Art Gallery (formerly a pottery), an Infant and Primary school, the Shepherd's Hall cafe, a cricket and football pitch, and three churches. A village green, where the local team play quoits, sits alongside the river. The Ley Hall is the venue for public gatherings. It is used for the local playgroup, young farmers, the parish council and the WI among others. The "Board Inn" public house - a former coaching inn. [ cite web|url=http://www.whitbygazette.co.uk/news/New-owners-at-pub.3149197.jp |title=Crowds New owners at pub|accessdate=2008-06-15 |format=html |publisher=Johnston Press Digital Publishing] - dates from the 18th century,cite web |url=http://www.theboardinn.com/ |title=The Board Inn |accessdate=2008-03-09] and as the only public house in the village and it is a popular venue and regularly holds domino drives.

Lealholm is in the Anglican parish of Glaisdale, within the deanery of Whitby, the Archdeaconry of Cleveland, and the Diocese of York. [cite web|url=http://www.dioceseofyork.org.uk/cgi/churchsearch/churchsearch.cgi|title=Lealholm, St James's chapel|work=Diocese of York, Official world wide web site|accessdate=2008-06-10] There are three churches located within the main settlement, the Roman Catholic church of "Our Lady of the Sacred Heart", the Church of England church of St James the Greater, and a Methodist Chapel. Close to the chapel, between the River Esk and the mill race stands a Quaker Friends Burial Ground, donated by Thomas Whatson.

Climate

As part of the United Kingdom, the North York Moors area, in which Lealholm lies, generally has cool summers and relatively mild winters. Weather conditions vary from day to day as well as from season to season. The latitude of the area means that it is influenced by predominantly westerly winds with depressions and their associated fronts, bringing with them unsettled and windy weather, particularly in winter. Between depressions there are often small mobile anticyclones that bring periods of fair weather. In winter anticyclones bring cold dry weather. In summer the anticyclones tend to bring dry settled conditions which can lead to drought. For its latitude this area is mild in winter and cooler in summer due to the influence of the Gulf Stream in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Air temperature varies on a daily and seasonal basis. The temperature is usually lower at night and January is the coldest time of the year. The two dominant influences on the climate of Lealholm are the shelter against the worst of the moist westerly winds provided by the higher ground and the proximity of the North Sea. Late, chilly springs and cool summers are a feature of the area but there are often spells of fine autumn weather. Onshore winds in spring and early summer bring mists or low stratus clouds (known locally as sea frets) to the area. Within the area variations in climate are brought about by local differences in altitude, aspect and shelter. Snowfall is variable from year to year. Heavy falls are associated with north-easterly winds off the North Sea.cite book | last = Aalen | first = Fred | title = The North East: English Heritage (England's Landscape) | publisher = Collins | date = 2006-08-07 | location = London | id = | isbn = 000715576X ]

River Esk

The River Esk dog-legs through the village.cite web|url=http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=NZ7615707710|title=Map showing village and river|work=Ordnance Survey|accessdate=2008-06-12] In the centre stands the bridge which crosses the Esk a few yards south of the old fording point. Convert|400|yd|m|lk=on further upstream lies a set of stepping stones. [ cite web|url=http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/561199 |title=NZ7607 : Stepping stones over the River Esk at Lealholm |accessdate=2008-06-12 |last=Norman |first=Brian |publisher=geograph.org.uk ] Between these two the river becomes very deep as it bends sharply to the right. [cite book | last = Doll | first = Nick | title = A Canoeist's Guide to the North-East | publisher = Cicerone Press Limited | date = 1991 | pages = 161 | id = | isbn = 1852840668 ] Due to its proximity to the river Esk and its tributaries, flooding has long been a problem for some of the lower lying houses in the village. Marks carved into the side wall of the Methodist chapel show the heights of floods in the past. At the lowest level, the floods in November 2000 stand just short of the floods in July 1840. However, these were low compared to major flooding on 23 July, 1930 when the Methodist chapel stood more than a metre under water, even though the chapel itself stands approximately Convert|7|ft|m|lk=off above the normal water level of the river.cite web |url=http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/commondata/acrobat/chapter_3a_1234275.pdf |title=Current flood risks and management |accessdate=2008-03-10 |format=PDF |work=Esk and Coastal Streams Catchment Flood Management Plan |author=Environment Agency |date=October 2005] This same flood caused the collapse of bridges over the river at Glaisdale, Egton and Sleights, further down the valley.

Lealholmside

Overlooking the village stands the hamlet of Lealholmside - a row of approximately 25 houses running along the side of the valley. It was a popular location with the photographer Francis Meadow Sutcliffe, who took many pictures in the area, although few of the village itself are in publication. [cite web |url=http://www.sutcliffe-gallery.co.uk/cgi-bin/sutcliffe.pl?TASK=DrawCategory&CATEGORY=RURA |title=Rural Scenes |accessdate=2008-03-10 |format=HTML |work=The Sutcliffe Gallery] It is here that the site of Lelum was located, at or near the present site of Lealholm Hall and home to the de Lelum family in 1274.

Demography

Figures for the population of Lealholm alone are not readily available. The population of the parish of Glaisdale (including settlements of Glaisdale, Houlsyke, Lealholm and Street) was 974 living in 404 households in the UK 2001 Census.cite web
url = http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=798196&c=Glaisdale&d=16&e=15&g=476707&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1214432151387&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779
title = 2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Glaisdale CP (Parish)
accessdate = 2008-06-25
work = Neighbourhood Statistics
publisher = Office for National Statistics
] Of this number, 73% live in the 1% of the area which is classified as "urban", while 27% of the population lives in the 99% "rural" area. [cite web|url=http://www.glaisdalepc.org.uk/Pages/Parish%20Map.htm|title=Glaisdale Parish|work=Glaisdale Parish Council Website|accessdate=2008-06-05]

Economy

Lealholm remained a traditional, labour intensive, mixed farming community until the 1970s.cite book | last = Hartley | first = Marie | coauthors = Joan Ingilby | title = Life in the Moorlands of North East Yorkshire | publisher = J M Dent and Sons Ltd | date = 1972 | location = London | id = | isbn = 064003961X ] In the second half of twentieth century increasing mechanization of farming operations led to a rapid decline of employment opportunities in agriculture in the surrounding area.cite book |title=The North York Moors Landscape Heritage |last=Spratt |first=D A |coauthors=Harrison |year=1989|publisher=North York Moors National Park |location=Helmsley, Yorkshire |isbn=0 907480 58 6 ] However, the rise in the ownership of cars brought tourism into the North York Moors area and the village is a tourist honeypot in the summer months. Employment in tourism has risen rapidly and the village now has guest houses, holiday cottages, bed and breakfast accommodation and catering establishments providing jobs and income along with services and retailers. [ cite web|url=http://www.visitnorthyorkshiremoors.co.uk/content.php?nID=2 |title=Authority Services |accessdate=2008-05-30 |publisher=North York Moors NPA ] Lealholm had a typical NER goods shed and coal yard close to the railway station, which became a factory base when the company Lightspeed panels were setup in 1972. They produced the Magenta kit car, a fiberglass body kit based on a Mini chassis. Today the site is a car repair garage. [ cite web|url=http://www.djbarryjohn.co.uk/magenta.htm |title=Leisure Activities |accessdate=2008-06-29 ]

Culture and community

There is a choir based in Lealholm which performs at venues in the surrounding area. The "Board Inn" is the base for the village football and cricket teams as well as hosting dominoes and darts matches. The River Esk is used for angling, with salmon and sea trout being caught in abundance. [cite web
url = http://www.dofreefishing.com/northeastdales.html
title = Free Fishing - North East Region - Dales Area
accessdate = 2008-06-27
year = 2007
publisher = Do Free Fishing
]

Lealholm Village Show and sports day is held by the Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society on the first Saturday in September. [ cite web|url=http://www.ryedale.gov.uk/PDF/MC004Events2007toglt.pdf |title=Festivals and Events Guide |accessdate=2008-05-30 |format=pdf |publisher=Ryedale District Council ] The show, known as the Lealholm Agricultural Show, takes place on the village sports field, usually reserved for cricket during the summer months, and football during winter.cite book |title=Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society Schedule of Prizes offered for Competition at their eighty seventh annual exhibition and sports |publisher= Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society |year=2007] It held its 87th show in 2007. There was no show in 1970, and in 2001 the organisers decided it would be inappropriate to hold the show due to the Foot and mouth outbreak. In 2008, the show was cancelled for the first time in its history. Due to bad weather, the cricket pitch became waterlogged after weeks of heavy rain and a torrential downpour in the days leading up to the show. [ cite web|url=http://www.whitbygazette.co.uk/news/Area-escapes-worst-of-weather.4468998.jp |title=Area escapes worst of weather but show is cancelled and roads closed |accessdate=2008-09-11 |format=html |publisher=Johnston Press Digital Publishing] The show has over 200 exhibitions of crafts, wine making, fruit, vegetables and farm produce for competition including categories for children. [ cite web|url=http://www.whitbygazette.co.uk/news/Crowds-flock-to-Lealholm-for.3180900.jp |title=Crowds flock to Lealholm for village show |accessdate=2008-06-15 |format=html |publisher=Johnston Press Digital Publishing] Children's sports and a fancy dress parade are held on the cricket pitch and are always well supported, although there usually has to be a lot of persuasion for entries into the adult's "Twice round the field" competition.Side stalls include "Bowl for a Goose", where competitors attempt to bowl five balls through holes in a frame at the end of a short but bumpy pitch. The winner can take home a live goose, have it delivered for Christmas or receive a cash prize.cite book |title=Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society Schedule of Prizes offered for Comepetition at their eighty seventh annual exhibition and sports |publisher= Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society |year=2007]

In the past few years the village show has been expanded to feature displays of steam engines, fire safety and brass band performances, demonstrations by St John's Ambulance and a bouncy castle. Entries to the show's various competitions are made during the morning ready for judging prior to the show opening to the public in the afternoon. A Domino Drive in aid of show funds is usually held the Thursday evening following the village show at the "Board Inn" public house in the village.cite book |title=Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society Schedule of Prizes offered for Competition at their eighty seventh annual exhibition and sports |publisher= Lealholm Farm Produce and Horticultural Society |year=2007]

The biggest event of the afternoon is the Grand Duck Race on the River Esk, [cite web
url = http://www.steppingstonescottage.com/
title = Stepping Stones Holiday Cottage
accessdate = 2008-06-27
publisher = Stepping Stones Holiday Cottage
] where 1000 numbered plastic ducks are launched along the river towards a finishing point some Convert|250|yd|m|lk=off downstream. The six fastest ducks are then picked out at the finishing line to win cash prizes. The ducks are launched from the top of the village bridge. [ cite web|url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
]

Media

The Esk Valley is served by local newspaper The Whitby Gazette, published on a Tuesday and Friday, as well as the Middlesbrough & Teesside based daily - The Evening Gazette. Despite being located in North Yorkshire, Lealholm's location at the bottom of the valley prevents BBC Local Radio transmissions broadcast by Radio York, which serves the rest of the region, being received. Instead, local radio broadcast service is relayed on BBC Tees from Bilsdale to the southwest. [ cite web|url=http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/bilsdale/index.php |title=The Transmission Gallery - Bilsdale |accessdate=2008-06-16 |format=php |publisher=mb21] Due to the same geographic restrictions, regional terrestrial television is provided by Tyne Tees Television and BBC North East and Cumbria from Newcastle upon Tyne. [ cite web|url=http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/bilsdale/index.php |title=The Transmission Gallery - Bilsdale |accessdate=2008-06-16 |format=php |publisher=mb21] Digital radio stations and digital television channels are also broadcast from Bilsdale but reception is often difficult also due to the village's geography. [ cite web|url=http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/bilsdale/index.php |title=The Transmission Gallery - Bilsdale |accessdate=2008-06-16 |format=php |publisher=mb21] [ cite web|url=http://www.wolfbane.com/cgi-bin/tvd.exe?DX=D&HT=10&OS=NZ762076 |title=UK digital TV reception predictor |accessdate=2008-06-16 |format=html |publisher=Wolfbane Cybernetics]

Independent Local Radio is provided from Bilsdale by TFM, Galaxy North East and Century Radio. Yorkshire Coast Radio is also available locally; broadcast from Scarborough via the Whitby transmitter. [ cite web|url=http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/whitby/index.php |title=The Transmission Gallery - Whitby |accessdate=2008-06-16 |format=php |publisher=mb21]

Education

The non denominational Lealholm Primary School educates children from the age of five until they leave at the age of eleven. In 2008 there were 52 pupils at the school, including 20 infants. [ cite web|url=http://www.whitbygazette.co.uk/news/House-now-part-of-school.3436570.jp |title=House now part of school|accessdate=2008-06-15 |format=html |publisher=Johnston Press Digital Publishing] [ cite web|url=http://schoolsfinder.direct.gov.uk/8152042/overview/ |title=Lealholm Primary School |accessdate=2008-05-30 |publisher=Direct..gov.uk ] The school received outstanding or good grades in all areas of the latest Ofsted inspection report. [ cite web|url=http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/portal/site/Internet/menuitem.7c7b38b14d870c7bb1890a01637046a0/?event=getReport&urn=121295&inspectionNumber=280975&providerCategoryID=4096&fileName=\\school\\121\\s5_121295_20051028.xml |title=Lealholm Primary School - Inspection report|accessdate=2008-06-25 |publisher=Ofsted] Older pupils travel to secondary schools and a college in Whitby.

Notable people

John Castillo (1792 - 1845), poet and lay preacher, often referred to as "The Bard of the Dales", lived in Lealholm on the site now known as "Poets Corner", which today operates as a plant nursery. [cite web|url=http://www.visitnorthyorkshiremoors.co.uk/content.php?nID=18;pID=83|title=Lealholm: Poets Cottage Shrub Nursery|work=North York Moors National Park|accessdate=2008-05-29]

John Davidson (1889 - 1988), "The Chronicler of Lealholm", chronicled the history of the village in books and correspondence in the "Whitby Gazette". He was a shipbroker originally from Stockton-on-Tees, who held a great deal of affection for the village and carried out much research on the area. His published books include "The Manor, Lordship and Castle of Danby" [cite web|url=http://catalogue.bl.uk/F/?func=full-set-set&set_number=142103&set_entry=000001&format=999|title=The Manor, Lordship and Castle of Danby|work=British Library catalogue record |accessdate=2008-05-29] and "Chronicles of Lealholm & Glaisdale". [cite web|url=http://www.northyorks.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=6421|title=Chronicles of Lealholm & Glaisdale|work=North Yorkshire Libraries catalogue record|accessdate=2008-05-29] The books are out of print, but his painstaking research has been much copied and there are various publications in print today covering the history of the village.

Gallery

References

External links

* [http://eskvalley.com/lealholm/ eskvalley.com]
* [http://www.eskvalleyrailway.co.uk/ www.eskvalleyrailway.co.uk] , Esk Valley Railway Development Company.
* [http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/stations/LHM.html www.nationalrail.co.uk] , National Rail Station Facilities and Live Departures.
* [http://www.forgehousegallery.co.uk/ www.forgehousegallery.co.uk] , Forge House Art Gallery, Lealholm.
* [http://www.theboardinn.com/ www.theboardinn.com] , The Board Inn - Lealholm's only public house.
* [http://www.schoolsnet.com/uk-schools/school-details-reviews/north-yorkshire/lealholm-primary-school/16180339/0/217848.html www.schoolsnet.com] , Statistics for Lealholm School.
* [http://www.glaisdalepc.org.uk/ www.glaisdalepc.org.uk] , Glaisdale Parish Council.
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/Danby/index.html The Ancient Parish of Danby] Historical and genealogical sources at GENUKI: Lealholm was in this parish.


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  • Lealholm railway station — Infobox UK station name = Lealholm code = LHM manager = Northern Rail locale = Lealholm borough = Scarborough start = 2 October 1865 platforms = 1 lowusage0405 = 16,760 lowusage0506 = 16,688 lowusage0607 = 15,706Lealholm railway station serves… …   Wikipedia

  • River Esk, North Yorkshire — Infobox River | river name = River Esk caption = The River Esk near its mouth at Whitby origin =Westerdale Moor mouth = Whitby basin countries = England length = 45 km elevation = discharge = watershed = The River Esk is a river in North… …   Wikipedia

  • Esk Valley Line — The Esk Valley Line is the railway line from Middlesbrough to Whitby in North Yorkshire, England. The route follows the course of the River Esk for much of its eastern half.It was designated as a community rail line in July 2005, being one of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Castillo — (1792 16 April, 1845), often referred to as the Bard of the Dales , from his first published book The Bard of the Dales Poems by John Castillo was a poet who lived for much of his life in the village of Lealholm. Castillo s work is treasured as… …   Wikipedia

  • Chain Home — Radar Coverage 1939 1940 Chain Home was the codename for the ring of coastal Early Warning radar stations built by the British before and during the Second World War. The system otherwise known as AMES Type 1 (Air Ministry Experimental Station)… …   Wikipedia

  • List of places in Yorkshire — This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the historic English county of Yorkshire. See the list of places in England for places in other counties.See:List of civil parishes in the East Riding of Yorkshire, :List of civil parishes in North… …   Wikipedia

  • Quoits — For other uses, see Quoit (disambiguation). Quoits Newcastle pit men playing quoits Quoits (koits, kwoits) is a traditional game which involves the throwing of metal, rope or rubber rings over a set distance, usually to land over or near a spike… …   Wikipedia

  • Danby railway station — Danby Location Place Danby …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Middlesbrough — Diocese of Middlesbrough Dioecesis Medioburgensis Coat …   Wikipedia

  • List of schools in Yorkshire and the Humber — The following is a partial list of currently operating schools in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. You may also find of use to find a particular school. See also the List of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom.Listed by local… …   Wikipedia

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