Syukuro "Suki" Manabe is a Japanese
meteorologistwho pioneered the use of computers to simulate global climate changeand natural climate variations.
NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, first in Washington, DCand later in Princeton, New Jersey, Manabe worked with director Joseph Smagorinskyto develop three dimensional models of the atmosphere. In 1967 he and Richard Wetherald demonstrated that increasing atmospheric carbon dioxideconcentrations would increase the altitude at which the earth radiated heat to space. In 1969 Manabe and Kirk Bryan published the first simulations of the climate of a planet with coupled ocean and atmosphere models, establishing the role of oceanic heat transport in determining global climate. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s Manabe's research group published seminal papers using these models to explore the sensitivity of Earth's climateto changing greenhouse gasconcentrations. These papers formed a major part of the first global assessments of climate change published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Other important work done by Manabe included the suggestion that climate might have more than one stable state (Manabe and Stouffer, 1988) and the demonstration that switches between such states could be induced in a relatively realistic model by melting
ice caps (Manabe et al., 1995).
Born in 1931, Manabe received a
Ph.D.from the University of Tokyoin 1958 and came to the United States to work atthe General Circulation Research Section of the U.S. Weather Bureau, now the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratoryof NOAA, continuing until 1997. From 1997 to 2001, he worked at the Frontier Research System forGlobal Change in Japan serving as Director of the Global Warming Research Division. In 2002 he returned to the United States as a visiting research collaborator at the Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, Princeton University.
Manabe is a member of the
United States National Academy of Sciences, and a foreign member of Academia Europaeaand the Royal Society of Canada. In 1992, he was the first recipient of the Blue Planet Prize of the Asahi Foundation. In 1997 Manabe was awarded the Volvo Environmental Prize from the Volvo Foundation. Manabe has also been honored with the American Meteorological Society’s Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, the American Geophysical Union’s Revelle Medal, and the Milutin Milankovitch Medal from the European Geophysical Society.
* The research group started by Manabe is today known as the GFDL [http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/research/climate/ Climate Dynamics and Prediction Group] .
* Manabe and Bryan's pioneering work in the development of the first global climate models has been selected as one of the Top Ten Breakthroughs to have occurred in
NOAA's first 200 years. [http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/breakthroughs/climate_model/welcome.html#testing]
* In honor of his retirement from
NOAA/ GFDL, a three day scientific meeting was held in Princeton, New Jerseyin March 1998. It was titled "Understanding Climate Change: A Symposium in honor of Syukuro Manabe" [http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/aboutus/symposium/manabe/index.html]
* The 2005 annual meeting of
American Meteorological Societyincluded a special Suki Manabe Symposium. [http://ams.confex.com/ams/Annual2005/techprogram/program_259.htm#Session17310]
* [http://www.aos.princeton.edu/WWWPUBLIC/manabe/manabe.html Syukuro Manabe home page] from
Princeton University's Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences.
* [http://www.nj.com/printer/printer.ssf?/base/news-11/1170568457209960.xml He warned of warming long before it was cool] , newspaper article profile of Manabe (4 February 2007).
*Manabe, S., and R. T. Wetherald, 1967: Thermal equilibrium of the atmosphere with a given distribution of relative humidity. "Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences", 24 (3), 241-259.
*Manabe, S., and R. J. Stouffer, 1988: Two stable equilibria of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Journal of Climate, 1(9), 841-866.
*Manabe, S., and R. J. Stouffer, 1995: Simulation of abrupt climate change induced by freshwater input to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 378, 165-167.
* [http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/reference/bibliography/authors/manabe.html On-line Bibliography] at the GFDL
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Joseph Smagorinsky — Infobox Scientist name = Joseph Smagorinsky image width = 200px caption = Joseph Smagorinsky birth date = birth date|1924|1|29 birth place = New York City death date = death date and age|2005|9|21|1924|1|29 death place = Hillsborough, NJ, USA… … Wikipedia
1967 en science — Années : 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 Décennies : 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Siècles : XIXe siècle XXe … Wikipédia en Français
Climate sensitivity — is a measure of how responsive the temperature of the climate system is to a change in the radiative forcing. It is usually expressed as the temperature change associated with a doubling of the concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth s… … Wikipedia
Sensibilidad climática — Uno o varios wikipedistas están trabajando actualmente en este artículo o sección. Es posible que a causa de ello haya lagunas de contenido o deficiencias de formato. Si quieres, puedes ayudar y editar, pero por favor: antes de realizar… … Wikipedia Español
List of climate scientists — Climate scientists study the statistics of the Earth s temperature (top) and precipitation (bottom) for a better understanding of the climate system. This list of climate scientists contains famous or otherwise notable persons who have contribute … Wikipedia
Convection — This figure shows a calculation for thermal convection in the Earth s mantle. Colors closer to red are hot areas and colors closer to blue are cold areas. A hot, less dense lower boundary layer sends plumes of hot material upwards, and likewise,… … Wikipedia
Global climate model — AGCM redirects here. For Italian competition regulator, see Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato. Climate models are systems of differential equations based on the basic laws of physics, fluid motion, and chemistry. To “run” a model,… … Wikipedia
Timeline of meteorology — The timeline of meteorology contains events of scientific and technological advancements in the area of atmospheric sciences. The most notable advancements in observational meteorology, weather forecasting, climatology, atmospheric chemistry, and … Wikipedia
Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal — The Carl Gustaf Rossby Research Medal is the highest award for atmospheric science of the American Meteorological Society. It is presented to individual scientists, who receive a medal. Named in honor of meteorology and oceanography pioneer Carl… … Wikipedia
Numerical weather prediction — Weather models use systems of differential equations based on the laws of … Wikipedia