Azaps were irregular
light infantryof the Ottoman Army.
The Azaps were also known as "the bachelors", they were volunteers who were paid only during campaigns and had the freedom to leave the army whenever they wanted. The Azaps were initially only Anatolian Turks, though by the late 16th century any Muslim from an Ottoman province could enlist as an Azap. The main role of Azaps was fighting as infantry archers, although they were often mounted as well. In addition to jobs in the military many were also had jobs as guards.
As volunteers the Azaps had a wide range of weaponry. These include pole arms, such as the tirpan and harba as well as balta (halberd). In addition to pole arms they were armed with a variety of maces, bows, sabers and to a rarer extent crossbows. Later on guns were adopted instead.
The power and significance of the Azaps began to deteriorate as time went on. Despite once seen as rivals to the elite Janissary Ocak, by the 16th they were responsible for taking on smaller tasks such as carrying ammunition and sapping the enemy walls.
In the late 16th century all Muslim men could enlist. From every 20-30 households 1 man would join whilst the others supported him. The standard weaponry of an Azap of this era was a matchlock and a sabre.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Azap — Genre Programme court zapping Présentation Camille Combal Pays … Wikipédia en Français
azap — àzap m DEFINICIJA pov. 1. u vojsci Osmanskog Carstva a. puškar b. pješak c. specijalni stražar 2. reg. neženja, samac ONOMASTIKA pr.: Àzap, Àzapović (100, Slavonija) ETIMOLOGIJA tur. ← arap. ̔azäb: neženja … Hrvatski jezični portal
Azap — (Azaps, türk. u. pers.), so v.w. Asab … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
azap — azáp, azápi, s.m. (înv.) miliţie otomană, ca infanterie de luptă Trimis de blaurb, 22.03.2006. Sursa: DAR … Dicționar Român
azap — 1. is., bı, Ar. ˁazab 1) Anadolu nun birçok bölgesinde çiftlik uşağı 2) tar. Yeniçeriler zamanında gerektikçe sancaklardaki gençlerden toplanıp ordu ve donanmaya katılan asker Tersane azabı. Kale azabı. 2. is., bı, Ar. ˁaẕāb 1) Büyük sıkıntı,… … Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük
azap duymak — acı çekmek, üzülmek Bu şehrin, takdir fukaralarının orta malına dönüşmüş olmasından azap duyuyorum. A. Boysan … Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük
azap vermek — acı çektirmek, üzmek Bu düşünce ona epeyce azap verdi. A. Mithat … Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük
azap çekmek — 1) ahirette ceza görmek 2) çok büyük sıkıntıya uğramak Senin yüzünden bir hâl olursa azabını ömrün boyunca çekersin ağabey. H. Taner … Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük
HÜSBAN — Azap. * Yıldırım. * Çekirge. * Saymak … Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük
IKAB — Azap, mihnet … Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük