Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery
Paul Pimsleur (October 17, 1927 – June 22, 1976) was an authority in the field of
Pimsleur grew up in
New York Cityand earned a bachelor's degree at the City College of New Yorkand a Ph.D. in French and a master's degree in psychological statistics from Columbia University.
His first position involved teaching French
phoneticsand phonemicsat the University of California, Los Angeles. After leaving UCLA, Pimsleur went on to faculty positions at Ohio State University, where he taught French and foreign language education. At the time, the foreign language education program at OSU was the major doctoral program in that field in the US. While at Ohio State he created and directed the Listening Center, one of the largest language laboratories in the United States. The Center, developed in conjunction with Ohio Bell Telephone, allowed self-paced language study using a series of automated tapes and prompts and was delivered over the telephone.
Pimsleur was later a Professor of Education and Romance Languages at The
State University of New York at Albany, where he held dual professorships in Education and French. He was also a Fulbright lecturer at the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelbergin 1968 and 1969 and a founding member of the "American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages". He did research on the psychology of language learning and in 1969 was Section Head of Psychology of Second Languages Learning at the International Congress of Applied Linguistics.
His research focused on understanding the
language acquisitionprocess, especially the organic learningof children who speak a language without knowing its formal structure. For this, he studied the learning process of groups made of children, adults, and multilingual adults. The result of this research was the Pimsleur language learning system. His many books and articles had an impact on theories of language learning and teaching.Fact|date=November 2007
In the period from 1958 to 1966, Pimsleur reviewed previously published studies regarding linguistic and psychological factors involved in language learning. He also conducted several studies himself. This led to the publication in 1963 of a coauthored monograph, Underachievement in Foreign Language Learning, which was published by the Modern Language Association of America.Through this research, he identified three factors that could be measured to calculate
language aptitude: verbal intelligence, auditory ability and motivation. Pimsleur and his associates developed the Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery(PLAB) based on these three factors to assess language aptitude. He was one of the first foreign language educators to show an interest in students who have difficulty in learning a foreign language, while doing well in other subjects. Today, the PLAB is used to determine the language learning aptitude or even a language learning disability among secondary school students.
Dr. Pimsleur died unexpectedly of a heart attack during a visit to France in 1976.Citation | publication-date = 1976-06-29 | title = PAUL PIMSLEUR, 48, DIES IN FRANCE
The New York Times| publication-place = New York, New York| pages = 34
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Paul Pimsleur — est un linguiste américain, né le 17 octobre 1927, et mort le 22 juin 1976. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Travaux 3 Références 4 Lien exter … Wikipédia en Français
Pimsleur — may refer to different things:*Paul Pimsleur, an applied linguistics researcher *Pimsleur language learning system * Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery, a test for predicting success in foreign language acquisition … Wikipedia
Pimsleur language learning system — The Pimsleur language learning system is a language acquisition method developed by Paul Pimsleur. The system is centered around four main ideas: anticipation, graduated interval recall, core vocabulary, and organic learning. [http://www.pimsleur … Wikipedia
Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery — The Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery is an assessment developed to predict student success in foreign language learning, or language learning aptitude, and for diagnosing language learning disabilities. The Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery… … Wikipedia
Pimsleur — Die Pimsleur Methode (engl. Pimsleur language learning system) ist eine Methode des Spracherwerbs, die der französisch amerikanische Linguist Paul Pimsleur (1928 1972) in den 1960er Jahren in den Vereinigten Staaten entwickelt hat. Anders als im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pimsleur-Methode — Die Pimsleur Methode (engl. Pimsleur language learning system) ist eine Methode des Spracherwerbs, die der französisch amerikanische Linguist Paul Pimsleur (1928 1972) in den 1960er Jahren in den Vereinigten Staaten entwickelt hat. Anders als im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Language learning aptitude — According to John B. Carroll and Stanley Sapon, the authors of the Modern Language Aptitude Test, the term language learning aptitude refers to the “prediction of how well, relative to other individuals, an individual can learn a foreign language … Wikipedia
Language teaching methods — Main article: Language education Language education may take place as a general school subject or in a specialized language school. There are many methods of teaching languages. Some have fallen into relative obscurity and others are widely used; … Wikipedia
Graduated interval recall — is a type of spaced repetition published by Paul Pimsleur in 1967. [citation title=A Memory Schedule first=Paul last=Pimsleur periodical=The Modern Language Journal volume=51 issue=2 month=February year=1967 pages=73 75 doi=10.2307/321812] It is… … Wikipedia