John Mihalowski

Infobox Military Person
name=John Mihalowski
born= birth date|1910|8|12 or 1911The Navy records his birth date as 12 August 1910 (see [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-m/j-mihlsk.htm here] and [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/mohint5.htm here] ), but his grave marker reads 12 August 1911 (see findagrave|7136869 Retrieved on 2008-02-01)]
died= death date|1993|10|29
placeofbirth=Worcester, Massachusetts
placeofdeath=
placeofburial=


caption=Chief Torpedoman John Mihalowski, 19 January 1940
nickname=
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Navy
serviceyears=1927 - c. 1958
rank= Lieutenant Commander
commands=
unit=USS "Falcon" (ASR-2) USS "Shackle" (ARS-9) USS "Gypsy" (ARSD-1)
battles=World War II
awards=Medal of Honor
laterwork=

John Mihalowski (12 August 1910 or 1911 – 29 October 1993) was a United States Navy diver and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor.

Biography

John Mihalowski enlisted in the Navy from his home state of Massachusetts in December 1927, rising to the rank of Chief Torpedoman during the next decade. Trained as a diver in 1932-33, he served with the Experimental Diving Unit from 1933 to 1937 and then as a member of the crew of USS "Falcon" (ASR-2) into 1941. While serving in the "Falcon", he played an important role in the rescue of survivors of USS "Squalus" (SS-192) and the subsequent salvage of that submarine in 1939. For his conduct during that effort, Chief Torpedoman Mihalowski was awarded the Medal of Honor. Three others divers also received Medals of Honor for assisting in the "Squalus" rescue and salvage. The four men were presented with their medals during a ceremony at the Navy Department offices on 19 January 1940.

In 1942, Mihalowski was appointed a warrant officer and became a commissioned officer later in World War II. He participated in rescue and salvage operations on six tank landing ships that had exploded in Pearl Harbor in 1944, and, while executive officer of USS "Shackle" (ARS-9), on damaged ships during the Battle of Okinawa in 1945. Following the war, he took part in the harbor clearance in Japan and in salvage efforts during the 1946 Operation Crossroads atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll. He was executive officer of the salvage lifting vessel USS "Gypsy" (ARSD-1) from 1947 to 1948, before transferring to the Fleet Reserve in January 1948.

Recalled to active duty in September 1950 as a Chief Torpedoman, Mihalowski was reinstated as a Lieutenant the following year. He was assigned to the Naval Gun Factory, Washington, D.C., in 1952 and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Commander in February 1954. LCdr. John Mihalowski retired from active naval service in about 1958.

Mihalowski died around age 82 or 83 and was buried in Serenity Gardens Memorial Park, Largo, Florida.

Medal of Honor citation

Chief Torpedoman Mihalowski's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

:For extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession during the rescue and salvage operations following the sinking of the U.S.S. "Squalus" on 23 May 1939. Mihalowski, as a member of the rescue chamber crew, made the last extremely hazardous trip of the rescue chamber to attempt to rescue any possible survivors in the flooded after portion of the "Squalus". He was fully aware of the great danger involved, in that, if he and the other member of the crew became incapacitated, there was no way in which either could be rescued. During the salvage operations Mihalowski made important and difficult dives under the most hazardous conditions. His outstanding performance of duty contributed much to the success of the operations and characterizes conduct far above and beyond the ordinary call of duty.

ee also

*List of Medal of Honor recipients
*List of Medal of Honor recipients during Peacetime

References

:NHC
*findagrave|7136869 Retrieved on 2008-02-01
*cite web
publisher = U.S. Army Center of Military History
title = Medal of Honor Recipients - Interim Awards, 1920-1940
work = Medal of Honor Citations
date = 2003-10-03
url = http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/mohint5.htm
accessdate = 2006-11-16

*cite web
publisher = Naval Historical Center
title = US People - Mihalowski, John, Lieutenant Commander, USN
work = Online Library
date = 2000-07-08
url = http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-m/j-mihlsk.htm
accessdate = 2006-11-16

Notes

Persondata
NAME= Mihalowski, John
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= United States Navy Medal of Honor recipient
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=


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