- Sephardim and Oriental Communities
Sephardim and Oriental Communities ( _he. ספרדים ועדות מזרח, "Sfaradim VeEdot Mizrah") was a political party in
Israeland is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Likudparty.
The Sephardim and Oriental Communities party represented
Sephardi Jewsand Mizrahi Jewswho were already living in Israel at the time of independence, and was part of Minhelet HaAm and the Provisional government in 1948-49.
Under the full title of "The National Unity List of Sephardim and Oriental Communities", the party gained 3.5% of the vote and four seats in the elections for the first Knesset in 1949. [ [http://www.knesset.gov.il/description/eng/eng_mimshal_res1.htm Constituent Assembly (which later turned into the First Knesset)] Knesset website] Represented by
Moshe Ben-Ami, Eliahu Eliashar, Avraham Elimalechand Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit, they joined the government as a coalition partner of David Ben-Gurion's Mapaiparty, with Sheetrit appointed Minister of Police. [ [http://www.knesset.gov.il/govt/eng/GovtByNumber_eng.asp?govt=1 First Knesset: Government 1] Knesset website]
For the 1951 election, the party changed its name to "The list of Sephardim and Oriental Communities, Old Timers and Immigrants". However, they lost around half their share of the vote (1.8%) and half their seats, slumping to just two representatives. Only Eliashar retained his seat, with
Binyamin Sassontaking the second. This time they did not join the government.
10 September 1951the party was merged into the General Zionists, then the second largest party in the Knesset and briefly a member of the governing coalition that made up the fourth and fifth governments (though they were expelled from the sixth after abstaining from a motion of no-confidence).
Later on, the
General Zionistsmerged with the Progressive Party to form the Liberal Party, which was briefly the third largest party in Israel before merging again with Herutto form Gahal, which eventually became Likud.
* [http://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=89 Party history] Knesset website
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
SEPHARDIM — (Heb. סְפָרַדִּים, sing. סְפָרַדִּי, Sephardi), descendants of Jews who lived in Spain or Portugal before the expulsion of 1492. (The term Sephardim is often erroneously used for other Jews of non Ashkenazi origin.) sepharad , mentioned in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Oriental Jews — Originally, the term was used to refer to the Jews from Spain expelled from the Iberian Peninsula during the Inquisition, but currently, the term is used when referring to all Jews of non Western European descent. Israel s non Ashkenazi Jews… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Sephardim — Sephardic, adj. /seuh fahr dim, fahr deem /, n.pl., sing. Sephardi / dee, dee /. Jews of Spain and Portugal or their descendants, distinguished from the Ashkenazim and other Jewish communities chiefly by their liturgy, religious customs, and… … Useful english dictionary
Oriental Jews — ▪ people Hebrew plural Bene Ha Mizraḥ (“Sons of the East”) the approximately 1,500,000 Diaspora Jews who lived for several centuries in North Africa and the Middle East and whose ancestors did not reside in either Germany or Spain. They… … Universalium
HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POLITICAL LIFE AND PARTIES — Introduction It was largely due to the existence of the pre state political parties, which had conducted intensive political activities for almost half a century within the framework of the yishuv , under the British Mandate for Palestine, that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Spanish and Portuguese Jews — are a distinctive sub group of Sephardim who have their main ethnic origins within the crypto Jewish communities of the Iberian peninsula and who shaped communities mainly in Western Europe and the Americas from the late 16th century on. These… … Wikipedia
RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TRADE AND COMMERCE — In the Bible The geopolitical location of Palestine, set as it is in the heart of the Fertile Crescent, made it a pivotal link in the commercial activities carried on by land and sea between, on the one hand, Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KHARĀJ AND JIZYA — KHARĀJ AND JIZYA, Arabic Turkish for tribute or remuneration in general which later came to mean land tax and poll tax, respectively. According to the constitution of the Muslim state, as conceived by the legislators, the payment of the poll tax… … Encyclopedia of Judaism