- Chadic languages
Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Central African Republic, Cameroon Linguistic classification: Afro-Asiatic
Subdivisions:Biu–Mandara ISO 639-5: cdc
The Chadic languages constitute a language family of perhaps 200 languages spoken across northern Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Central African Republic and Cameroon, belonging to the Afroasiatic phylum. The most widely spoken Chadic language is Hausa, a lingua franca of much of inland West Africa.
Newman (1977) divided the family into four groups, which have been accepted in all subsequent literature:
- West Chadic. Two branches, which include
- Biu–Mandara (Central Chadic). Three branches, which include
- (A) the Bura, Kamwe, and Bata languages, among other groups;
- (B) the Buduma and Musgu languages; and
- (C) Gidar
- East Chadic. Two branches, which include
- Ethnologue entry for Chadic languages
- Lukas, Johannes (1936) 'The linguistic situation in the Lake Chad area in Central Africa.' Africa, 9, 332–349.
- Lukas, Johannes. Zentralsudanische Studien, Hamburg 1937;
- Newman, Paul and Ma, Roxana (1966) 'Comparative Chadic: phonology and lexicon.' Journal of African Languages, 5, 218–251.
- Newman, Paul (1977) 'Chadic classification and reconstructions.' Afroasiatic Linguistics 5, 1, 1–42.
- Newman, Paul (1978) 'Chado-Hamitic 'adieu': new thoughts on Chadic language classification', in Fronzaroli, Pelio (ed.), Atti del Secondo Congresso Internazionale di Linguistica Camito-Semitica. Florence: Instituto de Linguistica e di Lingue Orientali, Università di Firenze, 389–397.
- Newman, Paul (1980) The Classification of Chadic within Afroasiatic. Leiden: Universitaire Pers Leiden.
- Herrmann Jungraithmayr, Kiyoshi Shimizu: Chadic lexical roots. Reimer, Berlin 1981.
- Herrmann Jungraithmayr, Dymitr Ibriszimow: Chadic lexical roots. 2 volumes. Reimer, Berlin 1994
- Schuh, Russell (2003) 'Chadic overview', in M. Lionel Bender, Gabor Takacs, and David L. Appleyard (eds.), Selected Comparative-Historical Afrasian Linguistic Studies in Memory of Igor M. Diakonoff, LINCOM Europa, 55–60.
Afro-Asiatic-speaking countries Berber Chadic Cushitic Coptic Omotic SemiticSouth Semitic 1 Aramaic and Hebrew
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Chadic languages — Introduction largest family of languages in the Afro Asiatic (Afro Asiatic languages) phylum. Some 140 or more Chadic languages are spoken, predominantly in Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad. The four subdivisions of the Chadic family West … Universalium
East Chadic languages — Infobox Language family name=East Chadic region=Chad familycolor=Afro Asiatic fam1=Afro Asiatic fam2=Chadic child1=East Chadic A group child2=East Chadic B group The East Chadic languages include 34 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in … Wikipedia
West Chadic languages — Infobox Language family name=West Chadic region=Nigeria familycolor=Afro Asiatic fam1=Afro Asiatic fam2=Chadic child1=Luri child2=West Chadic A group child3=West Chadic B group The West Chadic languages belong to the Afro Asiatic family and are… … Wikipedia
List of "A" East Chadic languages — The A East Chadic languages include 17 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Africa and western Asia; this language group is a part of the East Chadic language family. Each subgroup in this list contains individual languages. Currently … Wikipedia
List of Chadic languages — There are over 195 Chadic languages and dialects according to the Ethnologue.Biu MandaraABoga, Ga anda, Hwana (Hona), Jara, Tera; Bura Pabir, Cibak, Kofa, Putai, Huba (Kilba), Marghi Central (Margi), Marghi South, Nggwahyi; Bana, Hya, Kamwe… … Wikipedia
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Languages of Chad — Chad has two official languages, French and literary Arabic, and over 120 indigenous languages. A vernacular version of Arabic, Chadian Arabic, is the lingua franca. Afro Asiatic languages *Chadic languages **Boudouma (51,600, RGPH 1993) **Kéra… … Wikipedia
Chadic — [chad′ik] n. a subfamily of the Afroasiatic family of languages, including Hausa and a large number of other languages of N Nigeria and of Chad adj. designating or of any or all of these languages … English World dictionary
Chadic — noun a family of Afroasiatic tonal languages (mostly two tones) spoken in the regions west and south of Lake Chad in north central Africa • Syn: ↑Chad, ↑Chadic language • Hypernyms: ↑Afroasiatic, ↑Afro Asiatic, ↑Afroasiatic language, ↑Afrasian, ↑ … Useful english dictionary