Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport


Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Guangzhou Baiyun
International Airport

广州白云国际机场
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun airport logo.svg
Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 2.JPG
IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Guangzhou
Hub for China Southern Airlines
FedEx Express
Shenzhen Airlines
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.3925°N 113.29889°E / 23.3925; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.3925°N 113.29889°E / 23.3925; 113.29889
Website www.baiyunairport.com
Map
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
Location in Guangdong Province
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
3,800 12,467 Under Construction
Statistics (2010)
Passengers 40,975,673
Source: ACI[1]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Traditional Chinese 廣州白雲國際機場
Simplified Chinese 广州白云国际机场

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) (simplified Chinese: 广州白云国际机场; traditional Chinese: 廣州白雲國際機場) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of the province of Guangdong, People's Republic of China. Both airport codes were inherited from the previous Guangzhou airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton. The airport is the main hub of China Southern Airlines and a focus city for Shenzhen Airlines.

In 2010, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's 2nd busiest and world's 19th busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic, with 40,975,673 people handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was the 3rd busiest in China and the 21st busiest worldwide. Guangzhou airport is also the 3rd busiest airport in terms of traffic movements in China.

Contents

Overview

The current airport in Huadu District opened on August 5, 2004, replacing the 72-year-old previous, identically named Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (now closed). The new airport, built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly 5 times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese, and refers to Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan) near the location of the former airport. The airport is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous version, but this is not a part of the official name.

The opening of the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport had relieved most of the controversies of the older and deteriorated airport because of the limited space, overcrowding and lack of expansions. Its opening allowed it to overcome curfews and restrictions and begin a 24 hour operation. This meant that China Southern Airlines could highly utilize their intercontinental routes by flying overnight. Other airlines have this benefit too.

The airport is served by the Airport South Station on Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro.

Future development

In August 2008, the airport's new expansion plan got approved by the National Development and Reform Commission of China.[2][3] According to the expansion project, the airport will build a third runway located 400 metres east of the existing east runway. The new runway will be 3800 metres long and 60 metres wide. Other facilities of the expansion plan include a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, a new indoor car park and an outdoor car park, a transportation centre and a metro station which will serve Terminal 2. The total cost of the project will be ¥14.036 billion. Construction of the third runway is estimated to start in 2011 and finish in the first half of 2013.[4] When the whole project is finished by the end of 2015,[4] the airport will be able to handle 75 million passengers and more than 2.17 million tonnes of cargo a year.

Data

  • Runways: 2—3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)[5]
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 75 million passengers per year[2]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2010: 2 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: over 2.17 million tonnes[2]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Shantou, Meizhou, Zhanjiang

It has A and B gates, while there are A1-A18 and A124-A133. For the B gates, there are B01-B04, B201-B218, and B224-B233.

Airlines and destinations

Drop off zone outside Terminal 1
Interior of
Terminal 1
The departure lobby of Terminal 1
The transporting system
Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Luzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Tianjin, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yibin, Yuncheng
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Batavia Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Kunming, Lijiang, Sanya, Zhangjialjie
Cebu Pacific Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Haikou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huangyan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Mandalay, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Wuhan, Yichang, Yinchuan, Xi'an
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Brisbane, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Da Nang, Dandong, Datong, Diqing, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Enshi, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Huangshan, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Jiamus, Jinan, Jining, Kathmandu, Kashgar, Korla, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Kuqa, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Liuzhou, Los Angeles, Luoyang, Male, Manila, Meixian, Melbourne, Mianyang, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Nagoya-Centrair, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Qiemo, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Quanzhou, Saipan, Sanya, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Tongren, Urümqi, Vancouver, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Wuyishan, Wuzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangfan, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yangon, Yanji, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yongzhou, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Jeju, Koh Samui, Kota Kinabalu, Langkawi, Phuket
China United Airlines Beijing-Nanyuan
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing
Dragonair Hong Kong
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, ürümqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
Henan Airlines Baise
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita
Jetstar Asia Singapore [begins 22 December] [6]
Kenya Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Frankfurt [ends 26 March 2012]
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Qatar Airways Doha
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jeddah, Riyadh
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Linyi, Qingdao, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Guilin, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Wenzhou, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Baotou, Changzhou, Chengdu, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jinan, Kunming, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Quanzhou/Jinjiang, Sanya, Shenyang, Taizhou/Huangyan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Zhengzhou
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing
Charter: Saipan
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tiger Airways Singapore
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Ataturk
Ural Airlines Irkutsk [begins 4 December], Novosibirsk [begins 6 December]
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
West Air (China) Chongqing
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Jinjiang, Xiamen

Cargo

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[7] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world .[8] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[7] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[9]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first one for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Also included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and a total of 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[10]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. But on November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[10]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, utilizing the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[11]

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[12] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[13]

Cargo flights

Airlines Destinations
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Nanjing
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam,[14] Milan-Malpensa, Taipei-Taoyuan
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Dhaka
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Cologne-Bonn, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon, Sydney
Lufthansa Cargo Krasnoyarsk, Delhi, Frankfurt
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Saudi Arabian Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Riyadh
S.MF Airlines Beijing-Capital [15]
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Honolulu, Ontario, Seoul-Incheon, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Yangtze River Express Hangzhou, Xiamen

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Passenger Traffic 2010 FINAL
  2. ^ a b c "Third Runway to Be Built In the Baiyun Airport". Guangzhou Municipal Government. 2008-08-22. http://www.gz.gov.cn/vfs/subsite/JGIN7QPB-AZE4-2MTO-EA6G-R281E8V2SFJH/content/content_visitor.jsp?contentId=591911&catId=5944. Retrieved 2008-08-26. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. http://www.avbuyer.com.cn/e/2008/28121.html. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  4. ^ a b "武广高铁年内连机场 新航站楼2015年启用" (in Simplified Chinese). Guangzhou Broadcasting Network. 2011-01-31. http://www.gztv.com/vod/v19236.shtml. Retrieved 2011-02-01. [dead link]
  5. ^ "在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话" (in Simplified Chinese). 广州市交通委员会. 2011-01-04. http://www.gzjt.gov.cn/gzjt/Web/Publish/ChiefLeaderWordInfo.aspx?id=3246. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  6. ^ http://www.jetstar.com/mediacentre/latest-announcements/detail?Id=5dd8ee82-4ad8-4317-bbd8-9b6333d18f41&language=en
  7. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. http://news.van.fedex.com/intl/fr?node=5160. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  8. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. 2010-05. http://news.van.fedex.com/files/Fact%20sheet%20-%20FedEx%20APAC%20Hub_GZ_May2010_E.doc. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  9. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (Press release). FedEx. 2010-02. http://news.van.fedex.com/files/Roissy-CDG%20Hub%20Fact%20Sheet_ENG%2002.10.pdf. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. http://news.van.fedex.com/node/12029. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  11. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. http://news.van.fedex.com/intl/cn?node=12371. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  12. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jHsE_zHv0oatAy5umP6gEiIg-ocQ. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  13. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. http://news.van.fedex.com/Guangzhou. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  14. ^ "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-07-23. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90778/90860/7078140.html. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  15. ^ http://news.carnoc.com/list/195/195318.html

External links

23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.3925°N 113.29889°E / 23.3925; 113.29889


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