African American newspapers

African American newspapers are those newspapers in the United States that seek readers primarily of African American descent. These newspapers came into existence in 1827 when Samuel Cornish and John Brown Russwurm started the first African-American periodical called "Freedom's Journal". During the antebellum South, other African American newspapers sprang forth, such as "The North Star" founded by Frederick Douglass. As African Americans moved to urban centers around the country, virtually every large city with a significant African American population soon had newspapers directed towards African Americans. Today, these newspapers have gained audiences outside of African American circles.

History

Origins

There were a number of black newspapers produced prior to 1865. Most of these publications like "Freedom's Journal" (1827-1829) were published in the north and then distributed, often covertly, to African Americans throughout the country. Blacks' ability to establish cultural environments and black neighborhoods in the North led to the first wave of publications. By the 1900s, daily papers appeared in Norfolk, Kansas City, and Washington D.C.

1900s

Modern day

The future of African American newspapers

Many Black newspapers that began publishing in the 60's, 70's, and 80's went out of business because they could not attract enough advertising and economic decline. As of 2002, 200 Black newspapers remained.

List of African American newspapers in the United States

* "Bay State Banner"
* "Black Chronicle"
* "California Eagle"
* "Call and Post"
* "Charlotte Post"
* "Chattanooga Courier"
* "Chicago Defender"
* "The Christian Recorder"
* "The City Sun"
* "Clarksville Press"
* "The Courant"
* "Dallas Express"
* "Freedom's Journal"
* "Harambee News"
* "Jackson Advocate"
* "Knoxville Enlightener"
* "Los Angeles Sentinel"
* "Louisville Defender"
* "Michigan Chronicle"
* "Murfreesboro Vision"
* "Nashville Pride"
* "New Journal and Guide"
* "North Star (newspaper)"
* "Nos Jornal (newspaper)"
* "Philadelphia Tribune"
* "Pittsburgh Courier"
* "San Francisco Bay View"
* "Seattle Medium"
* "St. Louis Sentinel"
* "The Miami Times"
* "The Facts"
* "The Liberator"
* "The Louisiana Weekly"
* "The New York Amsterdam News"
* "The New York Voice (Weekly)"
* "The Sacramento Observer"
* "Omaha Star"
* "Woman's Era" (the first newspaper published by and for African American women)

ee also

* List of newspapers in the United States
* African American
* African American history

External references

* [http://cti.itc.virginia.edu/~aas405a/newspaper.html Newspaper]
* [http://www.kshs.org/cool2/coolpape.htm Cool Pape]
* [http://www.princeton.edu/~belcher/aasguide.html Aasguide]
* [http://www.accessible.com/srch.asp African American Newspapers: The 19th Century] (full-text index of 17 titles)
* [http://www.princeton.edu/~aasres/newlist.html African-American Newspapers 1829 to present.]
* [http://www.blackpressusa.com/search/LocalPaper.asp Black Press USA: List of Local NewsPapers]


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