Pierre Gringore

Pierre Gringoire (1475? - 1538) was a popular French poet and playwright. He was born in Normandy, but the exact date and place of his death are unknown. His first work was "Le Chasteau de Labour" (1499), an allegorical poem.

From 1506 to 1512, he worked as an actor-manager and playwright in Paris. He is best known for the satirical plays he wrote during this period for the "Confrérie des Enfants Sans Souci" or "Sots", a famous comedic acting troupe. While in Paris he became a favorite of Louis XII, who employed the troupe to poke fun at the papacy. Tension between France and Rome was building during this period, eventually resulting in the Italian Wars and the formation of the Catholic League in 1511. Gringore wrote several scathing indictments of Pope Julius II, for example, "La Chasse du cerf des cerfs" (1510) and the trilogy, "Le Jeu du Prince des Sots et Mère Sotte".

Follow his Parisian period, he wrote a mystery play about Louis IX, "Vie Monseigneur Sainct Loys par personnaiges" (1514) for the Paris guild of masons and carpenters. Some scholars consider this to be his masterpiece.

After Francis I took the throne, he put severe restrictions on plays and playwrights in place. Gringore moved to Lorraine in 1518, where he married Catherine Roger.

Despite the various works in which he attacked the papacy, Gringore was a devout Catholic. One of his later works, "Blazon des hérétiques" (1524) attacks heretics and leaders of the Protestant Reformation, up to and including Martin Luther.

Gringoire appears as a main character in Victor Hugo's novel, The Hunchback of Notre Dame. He is also the main character in the short drama "Gringoire" (1866) by Théodore de Banville.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pierre Gringore — Pierre Gringore[1], né en 1475 à Thury Harcourt et mort en 1539 en Lorraine, est un poète et dramaturge français. Gringore a été directeur de troupe et dramaturge à Paris de 1506 à 1512. Il fit partie des Enfants sans Souci qui l’élevèrent à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Gringoire — Pierre Gringore Pierre Gringore[1], né en 1475 à Thury Harcourt et mort en 1539 en Lorraine, est un poète et dramaturge français. Gringore a été directeur de troupe et dramaturge à Paris de 1506 à 1512. Il fit partie des Enfants sans Souci qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gringore, Pierre — (ca. 1475 ca. 1538)    dramatic poet    Born in Thury Harcourt, Pierre Gringore was popularized by victor hugo in his novel Notre Dame de Paris, in which his name is changed to Gringoire. The leader of a troop of actors known as Enfants sans… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Gringore — (spr. gränggōr , später nannte er sich Gringoire), Pierre, franz. Dichter, geb. um 1475 in Caen, gest. 1538 oder 1539, machte einen Feldzug nach Italien mit und schrieb als Mitglied der Enfants sans souci für die Bazoche du Châtelet von 1502 bis… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gringore — (spr. gränggohr), Pierre, franz. Dichter, geb. um 1480, gest. 1544, Schöpfer des polit. Schauspiels in Frankreich, das er in den Dienst Ludwigs XII. stellte. – Vgl. Picot (1881), Badel (1893) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gringore — Gringore, Pierre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gringore — (Pierre) (v. 1475 v. 1538) poète dramatique français: le Jeu du prince des Sots et de la mère Sotte (sotie, 1512), farces, poèmes moraux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gringore, Pierre — ▪ French author Gringore also spelled  Gringoire   born c. 1475, , Normandy, Fr. died c. 1538       French actor manager and playwright, best known as a writer of soties (satirical farces) for Les Enfants Sans Souci, a famous medieval guild of… …   Universalium

  • Gringore, Pierre — (Gringoire) ► (¿1475 1538?) Poeta dramático y satírico francés. Autor de Juego del príncipe de los bobos y la madre boba …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Гренгор — (Gringore)         Гренгуар (Gringoire) Пьер [около 1475, вероятно, Тюри Аркур (депутат Кальвадос), 1538, вероятно, Лотарингия], французский драматург, памфлетист и поэт. Сочувственно изображал горожан (поэма «Замок труда», 1499). Автор памфлетов …   Большая советская энциклопедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.