National Etruscan Museum
National Etruscan Museum Museo Nazionale Etrusco
Facade of the Villa Giulia in Rome, home of the National Etruscan Museum.
Established 1889 Location Rome, Italy Type National museum
The villa was built by the popes and remained their property until 1870 when, in the wake of the Risorgimento and the demise of the Papal States, it became the property of the Kingdom of Italy. The museum was founded in 1889 as part of the same nationalistic movement, with the aim of collecting together all the pre-Roman antiquities of Latium, southern Etruria and Umbria belonging to the Etruscan and Faliscan civilizations, and has been housed in the villa since the beginning of the 20th century.
The museum's most famous single treasure is the terracotta funerary monument, the almost life-size Bride and Groom (the so-called Sarcofago degli Sposi, or Sarcophagus of the Spouses) reclining as if they were at a dinner party.
Other objects held are:
- The Etruscan-Phoenician Pyrgi Tablets
- The Apollo of Veii
- The Cista Ficoroni
- A reconstructed frieze displaying Kreugas eating the brain of his enemy
- The Tita Vendia vase
- Moretti, Anna Maria Sgubini, ed (2001). The Villa Giulia National Etruscan Museum: Short Guide. Roma: "L'Erma" di Bretschneider; Ingegneria per la cultura. ISBN 88-8265-012-X. http://books.google.com/books?id=ljCiHdGkKSEC.
- Museo Nazionale Etrusco information (Italian)
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