Anne Marie of Orléans

Infobox Monarch|royal|consort
name =Anne Marie d'Orléans
title =Duchess Consort of Savoy, Princess of Piedmont, Queen consort of Sardinia and Sicily


caption =Anne Marie d'Orléans
consortreign =Savoy - 1684 - 1728
*Sardinia - 1720 - 1728
*Sicily - 1713 - 1720
spouse =Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
issue =Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy
Marie Anne of Savoy
Maria Louisa of Savoy
Victor Amadeus of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy
Emanuele Philibert of Savoy
royal house =House of Orléans
othertitles =
father =Philippe de France, Duc d'Orléans
mother =Princess Henrietta Anne of England
date of birth =birth date|1669|08|27|mf=y
place of birth =Château de Saint-Cloud, France
date of death =death date and age|1728|08|26|1669|08|27|mf=y
place of death =Turin, Piedmont, Italy|

Anne Marie of Orléans (Saint-Cloud, August 27 1669 - Turin, August 26 1728), was the Queen consort of Sardinia and the maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France.

Early life

She was born in the Château de Saint-Cloud as daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and Princess Henrietta Anne of England. Her paternal grandparents were Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria.

Her maternal grandparents were Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France. Her elder surviving sister was Maria Luisa of Orléans, who became the Queen of Spain when Anne Marie was ten. Sadly, their mother died at the same place Anne Marie was born, the Château de Saint-Cloud, when her younger daughter was only a year old. A year after the death of her mother, her father married the German princess, Elizabeth Charlotte, Countess Palatine of Simmern. Like her sister, Marie Louise, she became close to her new stepmother. From her father's second marriage, she gained three other siblings.

Marriage

On April 10 1684 she was married at Versailles to Víctor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy and future king of Sicily (1713) and Sardinia (1720).

They had six children:

# Marie Adelaide (b.1685-d.1712), married Louis, duc de Bourgogne and was the mother of Louis XV of France
# Marie Anne (b.1687-d.1690)
# Marie Louise (b.1688-d.1714), first wife of Philip V of Spain
# Victor Amadeus (b.1699-d.1715), prince of Piedmont
# Carlo Emanuele III (b.1701-d.1773), the next Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia.
# Emanuele Philibert (1705-1705) Duke of Chablais.

Death

Anne Marie died in Turin on August 26 1728. Her husband Víctor Amadeus II abdicated in favour of his son in 1730 and died two years later in Moncalieri.

Jacobite succession

From 1714 to 1720, Anne Marie was the heiress presumptive to the Jacobite claim to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, which was held at the time by James Francis Edward Stuart, styling himself "James III and VIII". She became his heir on 1 August 1714, upon the death of his elder sister Anne, and was displaced as his heir by the birth of the Old Pretender's son, Charles Edward Stuart, on 31 December 1720.

Through Anne Marie descend the current post-Stuart legitimist claims of the Jacobites to the English and Scottish thrones.

In 1807, almost eighty years after her death , Cardinal Henry Benedict Stuart died. He was the last of the descendants of her uncle, King James II of England. The Jacobites viewed the legitimate succession to the English and Scottish thrones as devolving upon the senior living descendant of King Charles I. In 1807, the Jacobite pretender became Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia, the great-grandson of Anne Marie of Orléans and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia.

Ancestors

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boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Anne Marie d'Orléans
2= 2. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
3= 3. Henrietta Anne of England
4= 4. Louis XIII of France
5= 5. Anne of Austria
6= 6. Charles I of England
7= 7. Henrietta Maria of France
8= 8. Henry IV of France
9= 9. Marie de' Medici
10= 10. Philip III of Spain
11= 11. Margaret of Austria
12= 12. James I of England
13= 13. Anne of Denmark
14= 14. Henry IV of France =8
15= 15. Marie de' Medici =9
16= 16. Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme
17= 17. Jeanne III of Navarre
18= 18. Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
19= 19. Johanna of Austria
20= 20. Philip II of Spain
21= 21. Anna of Austria
22= 22. Charles II of Austria
23= 23. Maria Anna of Bavaria
24= 24. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
25= 25. Mary I of Scotland
26= 26. Frederick II of Denmark
27= 27. Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
28= 28. Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme =16
29= 29. Jeanne III of Navarre =17
30= 30. Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany =18
31= 31. Johanna of Austria =19

Sources

* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10277.htm The peerage]
* [http://www.jacobite.ca/gentree.htm Her role in the Jacobite Succession]

Titles


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