Moses Hagiz (1671 – ca. 1750) (Hebrew: משה חגיז) was a Talmudic scholar, rabbi, kabbalist, and author born in Jerusalem, Palestine. He was one of the most prominent and influential Jewish leaders in 17th-century Amsterdam. During Hagiz's lifetime there was an overall decline in rabbinic authority which was the result of migration and assimilation, and Hagiz devoted his career to restoring rabbinic authority. His most prominent talent was as a polemicist, and he campaigned ceaselessly against Jewish heresy in an attempt to unify the rabbinate.
His father, Jacob Hagiz, died while Moses was still a child. The latter was therefore educated by his maternal grandfather, Moses Galante (the Younger), who had succeeded his son-in-law. With the death of Moses Galante (1689) support from Livorno was withdrawn, and Hagiz found himself in very straitened circumstances. He went to Safed to collect a claim which his mother had against the congregation, but succeeded only in making bitter enemies, who later persecuted him.
Returning to Jerusalem, he was given letters of recommendation nominating him as a Shadar to obtain support for a bet ha-midrash which he intended to establish. At Rashid (Rosetta), Abraham Nathan gave him 30,000 thalers to deposit at Livorno for this purpose. Arriving at Livorno, he secured from Vega, the protector of his family, a promise of further support; but his Palestinian enemies slandered him and ruined his prospects. He subsequently wandered through Italy, and edited at Venice (1704) the Halakot Ketannot of his father. Somewhat later he went to Amsterdam, where he supported himself by teaching, and occupied himself with the publication of his works. In Amsterdam he made the acquaintance of Zebi Ashkenazi, then rabbi of the Ashkenazic congregation, and assisted him in unmasking the impostor Nehemiah Hayyun. This step, however, made more enemies for him, and, like Zebi Ashkenazi, he had to leave the city (1714).
Until 1738 he resided at Altona; he then returned to Palestine, settling first at Sidon, and later at Safed, where he died after 1750. He married a daughter of Raphael Mordecai Malachi, and was therefore a brother-in-law of Hezekiah da Silva. He had no children.
Moses Hagiz was not only a great Talmudic scholar, but also a man of wider secular learning than most of the rabbis of his time. According to Wolf, who knew him personally (Bibl. Hebr. iii. 908), he understood several languages and was somewhat familiar with modern history (see his Mishnat Hakamim, Nos. 627 and 682); he advocated the study of secular sciences (ib. No. 114), and admitted that the Zohar has been interpolated by later scribes (ib. No. 108). In regard to his character reports differ; some represent him as filled with sincere religious zeal, others as a contentious wrangler (Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., x. 479-482). Jacob Emden describes him as a time-server, and even as religiously insincere, though he respected him as a friend of his father (Megillat Sefer, pp. 117-122, Warsaw, 1896). Hagiz wrote:
- Lekeṭ ha-Kemah, novellae to the Shulhan Arukh (OraH Hayyim and Yoreh De'ah, Amsterdam, 1697 and 1707; Eben ha-'Ezer, Hamburg, 1711 and 1715)
- Sefat Emet, on the religious significance of Palestine for Jews (Amsterdam, 1697 and 1707)
- Eleh ha-Mitswot, on the 613 commandments (Wandsbeck, 1713)
- Sheber Posh'im, polemics against Hayyun (London, 1714)
- Lekeṭ ha-Kemaḥ, commentary on the Mishnah (Wandsbeck, 1726)
- Perure Pat ha-Kemaḥ, commentary to Book of Daniel (Amsterdam, 1727)
- Zeror ha-Hayyim, ethics (Wandsbeck, 1728)
- Mishnaṭ Hakamim, ethics (ib. 1733)
- Shete ha-Leḥem, responsa (ib. 1733)
Other works of his remained unpublished. He also wrote numerous prefaces to the books of others. His writings are signed "המביח", the initial letters of "Moses ben Jacob Hagiz."
Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography
- Grätz, Gesch. x., passim, especially pp. 479-482, where the older sources are quoted;
- Jacob Emden, Megillat Sefer, Warsaw, 1896.
- This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain.
- Carlebach, Elisheva (1990) ([dead link] – Scholar search), The Pursuit of Heresy: Rabbi Moses Hagiz and the Sabbatian Controversies, Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0231071901, http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/catalog/data/023107/0231071914.HTM
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
ḤAGIZ, MOSES — (1672–c. 1751), scholar, kabbalist, and opponent of Shabbateanism; son of Jacob Ḥagiz . He was born in Jerusalem and studied with his grandfather, moses galante . He appears to have quarreled in his youth with the rabbis and lay leaders of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤAGIZ, JACOB — (Israel; 1620–1674), Jerusalem scholar. He was the son of Samuel Ḥagiz, who was rabbi of Fez, and son in law of moses galante . During his youth he resided in various communities in Italy. In 1658 he emigrated to Jerusalem, where he headed a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Moses ibn Habib — Moshe (Moses) ibn Habib (1654–1696) was the Rishon LeZion (Sephardic chief Rabbi of Israel), Hakham Bashi (chief rabbi of the Ottoman Empire) and the head of a major yeshiva in Jerusalem. Contents 1 Background and family 2 Sons in law 3 … Wikipedia
Hagiz, Moses — (1672 1751) Palestinian scholar and kabbalist. He was born in Jerusalem. He left Palestine in 1694 to collect money to found a yeshivah. He travelled to Egypt, Italy, Prague, and Amsterdam, where together with Tzevi Ashkenazi he struggled… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
ḤAYON, NEHEMIAH ḤIYYA BEN MOSES — (c. 1655–c. 1730), kabbalist with Shabbatean tendencies. Because of the bitter dispute which centered around Ḥayon, the information about his life is full of contradictions and must be sifted critically. His ancestors came from Sarajevo, Bosnia.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GALANTE, MOSES BEN JONATHAN (II) — (1620–1689), Jerusalem rabbi. Galante was called Ha Rav ha Magen after his major work Elef ha Magen which includes one thousand responsa and cases (unpublished). He was the grandson of Moses b. mordecai galante . He studied in Safed and later… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
LUZZATTO, MOSES ḤAYYIM — (Heb. acronym RaMḤaL; 1707–1746), kabbalist, writer of ethical works, rhetorician, logician, and Hebrew poet; leader of a group of religious thinkers who were mainly interested in the problems of redemption and messianism and probably tried to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MORPURGO, SAMSON BEN JOSHUA MOSES — (1681–1740), Italian rabbi and physician. Samson was born in Gradisca d Isonzo, Friuli. While still young he was taken by his parents to neighboring Gorizia, where he studied under Jacob Hai Gentili, the rabbi of the community, and his son,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TERNI, DANIEL BEN MOSES DAVID — (late 18th–early 19th century), Italian rabbi and poet. Terni came from Ancona, and served as rabbi in Lugo, Pesaro, and Florence. His most important work is Ikkerei ha Dat (a reference to the initials of his name ד״ט), an anthology of halakhic… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤABIB, MOSES BEN SOLOMON IBN — (c. 1654–1696), Turkish rabbi and author. He was born in salonika , a descendant of , and went to Jerusalem in his youth. He studied in the yeshivah of Jacob Ḥagiz and from c. 1677 to 1679 he traveled as an emissary of Jerusalem, reaching as far… … Encyclopedia of Judaism