Great Tellico


Great Tellico

Great Tellico was a Cherokee town at the site of present-day Tellico Plains, Tennessee, where the Tellico River emerges from the Appalachian Mountains. Great Tellico was one of the largest Cherokee towns in the region. Its name in Cherokee is more properly written Talikwa. It is sometimes spelled Telliquo, or, in Oklahama, Tahlequah. There were several Cherokee settlements named Tellico, the largest of which is distinguished from the others by calling it "Great". The meaning of the word "Talikwa" is thought to be lost by the Cherokees.

The Warrior Path— a branch of the Great Indian Warpath— passed through Great Tellico, linking it to Chota in the north and Great Hiwassee in the south, via Conasauga Creek. In addition, the Trading Path (Tellico Road), later called the "Unicoi Turnpike", ran from Great Tellico southeast over the Unicoi Range of the Appalachian Mountains, linking the Overhill Cherokee to the Middle and Lower Cherokee towns in North Carolina and South Carolina. The Trading Path became the main route of trade between the British and the Cherokee during the 18th century (Duncan 2003:245).

In the early 18th century, Great Tellico was the de facto capital of the Overhill Cherokee. Several prominent Cherokee leaders came from the town, such as Moytoy II. After the death of Moytoy II in 1741, Great Tellico began to fade. By the 1750s, Chota was largely recognized as the principal town of the Overhill Cherokee.

References

*Mooney, James "Myths of the Cherokee" (1900, repr. 1995)
*Duncan, Barbara R. and Riggs, Brett H. "Cherokee Heritage Trails Guidebook". University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill (2003). ISBN 0-8078-5457-3

*Thornton, Richard, "Ancient Roots I: The Indigenous People of the Southern Highlands." Lula Publishing:Morris, NC (2007) ISBN 978-1-4303-1828-6


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Hiwassee — Great Hiwassee, also known as Ayuhwasi Egwaha was an important Overhill Cherokee town. It was located on the Hiwassee River, near present day Polk County, Tennessee, on the north bank of the river where highway 411 crosses the river. The site is… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Indian Warpath — The Great Indian Warpath (GIW) also known as the Great Indian War and Trading Path, or the Seneca Trail was that part of the network of trails in eastern North America developed and used by Native Americans which ran through the Great Appalachian …   Wikipedia

  • Tellico Plains, Tennessee — Infobox Settlement official name = Tellico Plains, Tennessee settlement type = Town nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Tennessee pushpin… …   Wikipedia

  • Tellico River — Infobox River | river name = Tellico River caption = The Tellico River near Tellico Plains, Tennessee origin = Cherokee County, North Carolina mouth = Tellico Reservoir of the Little Tennessee River; Monroe County, Tennessee basin countries =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tellico Blockhouse — Infobox nrhp name =Tellico Blockhouse Site nrhp type = caption = Entrance sign to the Tellico Blockhouse State Historic Area location = nearest city = Vonore area = built = added =1975 08 11 visitation num = visitation year = refnum = 75001771… …   Wikipedia

  • Tellico Village, Tennessee — Tellico Village is a planned community on the western shore of Tellico Reservoir in Loudon County, Tennessee, United States, about convert|30|mi|km southwest of Knoxville. The community has an area of about convert|5000|acre|km2 and an… …   Wikipedia

  • Moytoy of Tellico — Moytoy of Tellico, Emperor of the Cherokee Born c. 1687 Tellico Died 1760 Residence Great Tellico Nationality Cherokee Title …   Wikipedia

  • Citico (Tellico archaeological site) — Infobox nrhp name =Citico nrhp type = caption = The Citico site location = Monroe County, Tennessee nearest city = Vonore lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction = long degrees = long minutes = long seconds = long direction = area …   Wikipedia

  • Overhill Cherokee — Timberlake s Draught of the Cherokee Country The term Overhill Cherokee refers to the former Cherokee settlements located in what is now Tennessee in the southeastern United States. The name was given by 18th century European traders and… …   Wikipedia

  • Chickamauga Wars (1776–1794) — The Chickamauga Wars (1776–1794) were a series of raids, campaigns, ambushes, minor skirmishes, and several full scale frontier battles which were a continuation of the Cherokee (Ani Yunwiya, Ani Kituwa, Tsalagi, Talligewi) struggle against… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.