Carlo Emilio Gadda
Carlo Emilio Gadda (
may 14 1893- November 21 1973) was an Italian writerand poet. He belongs to the tradition of the language innovators, writers that played with the somewhat stiff standard pre-war Italian language, and added elements of dialects, technical jargonand wordplay.
Gadda was a practising
engineerfrom Milan, and he both loved and hated his job. Critics have compared him to other writers with a scientific background, such as Primo Levi, Robert Musiland Thomas Pynchon--a similar spirit of exactitude pervades some of Gadda's books.
Carlo Emilio Gadda was born in
Milanin 1893, and he was always intensely Milanese, although late in his life Florenceand Romealso became an influence. Gadda's nickname is "Il gran Lombardo", The Great Lombard: a reference to the famous lines 70-3 of Paradiso XVII, which predict the protection Dante would receive from Bartolomeo II della Scalaof Veronaduring his exile from Florence: "Lo primo tuo refugio e 'l primo ostello / sarà la cortesia del gran Lombardo/ che 'n su la scala porta il santo uccello" ("Your first refuge and inn shall be the courtesy of the great Lombard, who bears on the ladder the sacred bird").
Gadda's father died in 1909, leaving the family in reduced economic conditions; Gadda's mother, however, never tried to adopt a cheaper style of life. The paternal business ineptitude and the maternal obsession for keeping "face" and appearances turn up strongly in "La cognizione del dolore".
He studied in
Milan, and while studying at the Politecnico(a universityspecialized in engineering and architecture), he volunteered for World War I. During the war he was taken prisoner and his brother was killed in a plane--his brother's death features prominently in "La cognizione del dolore".
After the war, in 1920, Gadda finally graduated. He practiced as an engineer until 1935, spending three of these years in
Argentina. The country at that time was experiencing a booming economy, and Gadda used the experience for the fictional South American-cum- Brianzasetting of "La Cognizione del Dolore". After that, in the 1940s, he dedicated himself to literature. These were the years of fascism, that found him a grumbling and embittered pessimist. With age, his bitterness and misanthropysomewhat intensified--one of his less amiable traits was misery.
There is some debate amongst scholars as regards Gadda's sexual orientation. Certainly, his work demonstrates a strongly subversive attitude towards bourgeois values, expressed above all by a discordant use of language interspersed with dialect, academic and technical jargon and dirty talk. [Giulio Cattaneo, "Il gran lombardo", Turin 1991] This is particularly interesting as the criticism of the bourgoise life comes, as it were, from the inside, with the former engineer cutting a respectable figure in genteel poverty. [William Weaver, "That Awful Mess On Via Merulana", New York 1984]
Gadda kept writing until his death, in 1973. The most important critic of Gadda was
*"La madonna dei filosofi" (1931, translated into English as "The Philosophers' Madonna" by Anthony Melville)
*"Il castello di Udine" (1934)
*"Le meraviglie d'Italia" (1939)
*"Gli anni" (1943)
*"L'Adalgisa "(1944, short stories)
*"Il primo libro delle favole" (1952, collection of tales in a mock-antique style)
*"Novelle dal ducato in fiamme" (1953, short stories)
*"I sogni e la folgore" (1955)
*"Giornale di guerra e di prigionia" (1955), a diary covering Gadda's years in World War I, including his military actions in the
Passo Tonalearea and his months as a prisoner in Austria
*"Quer pasticciaccio brutto de via Merulana" (1957, translated into English as "
That Awful Mess on Via Merulana"), a crime novelwhich experiments heavily with language, borrowing a great deal from several Italian dialects
*"I viaggi e la morte" (1958)
*"Verso la Certosa" (1961)
*"Accoppiamenti giudiziosi" (1963)
*"La cognizione del dolore" (1963, translated into English as "
Acquainted with Grief"), a large unfinished crime novelset in a fictitious South American country that is really the Brianzaarea close to Milan
*"I Luigi di Francia" (1964), a summary of French history, through the distorting and corrosive outlook of the author
*"Eros e Priapo" (1967), an analysis of Italian
Fascismand of Italian fascination with Benito Mussolini, which explains Fascism as an essentially bourgeoismovement
*"La meccanica" (1970)
*"Novella seconda" (1971)
*"Meditazione milanese" (1974)
*"Le bizze del capitano in congedo" (1981)
*"Il palazzo degli ori" (1983)
*"Racconto italiano di ignoto del novecento" (1983)
*"Azoto e altri scritti di divulgazione scientifica" (1986, collection of scientific prose)
*"Taccuino di Caporetto" (1991)
* [http://www.arts.ed.ac.uk/italian/gadda/ The Edinburgh Journal of Gadda Studies]
* [http://www.carloemiliogadda.net Carlo Emilio Gadda (italian language)]
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Carlo Emilio Gadda — (1921) Carlo Emilio Gadda, écrivain italien, né le 14 novembre 1893 à Milan, mort le 21 mai 1973 à Rome. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Carlo Emilio Gadda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carlo Emilio Gadda (1921) Carlo Emilio Gadda (Milán, 14 de noviembre de 1893 – Roma, 21 de mayo de 1973) fue un novelista, ensayista y cuentista italiano. Comenzó a escri … Wikipedia Español
Carlo Emilio Gadda — Grabstein von Carlo Emilio Gadda. Carlo Emilio Gadda (* 15. November 1893 in Mailand; † 21. Mai 1973 in Rom) war ein … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gadda, Carlo Emilio — ▪ Italian author born , Nov. 14, 1893, Milan, Italy died May 21, 1973, Rome Italian essayist, short story writer, and novelist outstanding particularly for his original and innovative style, which has been compared with that of James Joyce … Universalium
Gadda, Carlo Emilio — (Milano 1893 Roma 1973) scrittore e saggista, protagonista assoluto del Novecento collab./opere: “Solaria”, “Letteratura”, “La Lettura”, “L’Italiano”, “Inventario”, “La Fiera letteraria”, “Paragone” … Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano
GADDA (C. E.) — Alors même qu’il s’achève, son siècle littéraire, en Italie, ne peut faire moins que reconnaître en Carlo Emilio Gadda, sinon l’auteur le plus représentatif, du moins l’interprète le plus lucide de celui ci pour ce qui est de l’écriture, et le… … Encyclopédie Universelle
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Carlo (Vorname) — Herkunft und Bedeutung Carlo ist die italienische Form von Karl. Vom althochdeutschen „karal“ abgeleitet, bedeutet der Name „Mann“, „Ehemann“, oder auch der Freie . Namenstag Der Namenstag ist der 4. November zu Ehren Karl Borromäus (ital. Carlo… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Gadda — Gạdda, Carlo Emilio, italienischer Schriftsteller, * Mailand 14. 11. 1893, ✝ Rom 22. 5. 1973; war ursprünglich Ingenieur; fand in der Öffentlichkeit erst Beachtung mit dem Roman »Quer pasticciaccio brutto de via Merulana« (1957; deutsch »Die… … Universal-Lexikon