- French Constitution of 1795
The Constitution of 22 August 1795 (also known as the Constitution of the Year III, or the Constitution of 5 Fructidor) was a national constitution of France ratified by the National Convention on 22 August 1795 (5 Fructidor of the Year III under the French Revolutionary Calendar) during the French Revolution. It established the Directory, and remained in effect until the coup of 18 Brumaire (9 November 1799) effectively ended the Revolution and began the ascendancy of Napoleon Bonaparte. It was more conservative than the abortive democratic French Constitution of 1793. The Constitution of 1795 established a liberal republic with a franchise based on the payment of taxes, similar to that of the French Constitution of 1791; a bicameral legislature, (Council of Elders, Council of 500) to slow down the legislative process; and a five-man Directory. The central government retained great power, including emergency powers to curb freedom of the press and freedom of association. It was succeeded by the Constitution of the Year VIII, which established the Consulate.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
French constitutional referendum, 1795 — A constitutional referendum on the constitution of the Directory was held in July 1795. The official result was more than 95% in favor of the new constitution. Of the seven million eligible voters, 81.83% abstained. Only 4.49% of voters cast… … Wikipedia
French Constitution of 1793 — The Constitution of 24 June 1793 (French: Acte constitutionnel du 24 juin 1793), also known as the Constitution of the Year I, or the The Montagnard Constitution (French: Constitution montagnarde), was the constitution instated by the… … Wikipedia
Constitution of 1795 (Year III) — French constitution established during the Thermidorian Reaction in the French Revolution. Known as the Constitution of Year III in the French republican calendar, it was prepared by the Thermidorian Convention. It was more conservative than the… … Universalium
French Directory — Executive Government of the First French Republic In office 2 November 1795 – 10 November 1799 Preceded by National Convention Succeeded by French Consulate with Napoleon Bonaparte as First Con … Wikipedia
1795 in France — See also: 1794 in France, other events of 1795, 1796 in France. Events from the year 1795 in France.Events*16 January French occupy Utrecht, Netherlands. *17 January Revolution breaks out in Amsterdam. *19 January The Batavian Republic is… … Wikipedia
French Revolution — The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of political and social upheaval in the history of France, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic… … Wikipedia
French Revolution — Fr. Hist. the revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon s overthrow of the Directory and seizure of power in 1799. * * * Movement that shook… … Universalium
Constitution of France — France This article is part of the series: Politics and government of France … Wikipedia
French Revolution — • A view of its effect on the Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. French Revolution French Revolution † … Catholic encyclopedia
Constitution of May 3, 1791 — May 3rd Constitution, by Matejko (1891). King … Wikipedia