A calzone (play /kælˈzni/, US /kælˈzn/, or /kælˈzn/, UK /kælˈtsni/;[1] Italian: [kalˈtsoːne], "stocking" or "trouser")[2] is a turnover that originates from Italy. It is shaped like a semicircle, made of dough folded over and filled with ingredients[3] common to pizza.

The typical calzone is stuffed with tomato and mozzarella, and may include other ingredients usually associated with pizza toppings.


Regional variations

Sandwich-sized calzoni are often sold at Italian lunch counters or by street vendors because they are easy to eat while standing or walking.[citation needed] Sweet versions, usually smaller and cookie-sized, are a specialty in the Marche.[citation needed] Fried versions typically filled with tomato and mozzarella, are made in Puglia and are called Panzerotti.[citation needed]

Somewhat related is the Sicilian cuddiruni or cudduruni pizza. This is stuffed with onions (or sometimes other vegetables such as potatoes or broccoli), anchovies, olives, cheese, mortadella: the rolled pizza dough is folded in two over the stuffing and the edge is braided, prior to frying.

Calzone in the United States

In the United States, calzone are typically made from pizza dough and stuffed with cheese (usually mozzarella cheese, but some varieties contain Parmesan, Provolone or a locally substituted cheese), or ricotta, ham or salami, vegetables, or a variety of other stuffings. It is typically served covered with marinara sauce, or topped with garlic and parsley-infused olive oil. The dough is folded over and sealed on one edge or formed in an enclosed circular shape[citation needed] before being baked in an oven. In some areas of New York as well as in Parts of Italy Calzone are fried rather than baked.

Calzones are similar to stromboli, but traditionally the two are distinct dishes. A common misconception is that the ingredients are the primary difference between the two.[citation needed] The ingredients are actually at the discretion of the chef. Although most strombolis are rolled, strombolis have also been known to be prepared like a calzone, where the only difference is that a calzone has the sauce on the side, where the stromboli is served with sauce on the inside of the folded crust.[citation needed]

In Middletown, Connecticut, several restaurants offer scacciata, which is similar to a calzone, but is filled with either broccoli, spinach, potatoes or onions, and sometimes sausage. Scacciata were once regularly prepared in Sicilian immigrant homes in Middletown's North End.[citation needed]

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • calzone — /kal tsone/ s.m. [accr. di calza ]. (abbigl.) [per lo più al plur., indumento che avvolge la parte inferiore del corpo, dalla cintola in giù: mettersi i c. ] ▶◀ pantaloni. ‖ brache, (settentr.) braghe. ● Espressioni (con uso fig.): portare i… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • calzone — [kal zōn′, kalzō′nē] n. [It] a kind of Italian turnover filled variously with cheese, meat, and vegetables …   English World dictionary

  • Calzone — Pizza mit Tomaten, Käse, Pilzen und Zwiebeln Traditioneller Pizza Ofen („Steinofen“) mit Holzbefeuerung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calzone — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Calzone (livre de cuisine) », sur Wikibooks (livres pédagogiques) calzone frit, sorte de pizza des pouilles Le Calzone est une recette culinaire typique des …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calzone — noun (plural calzone or calzones) Etymology: Italian, from calzone (singular of calzoni pants), augmentative of calza stocking, from Medieval Latin calcea, from Latin calceus shoe, from calc , calx heel Date: 1947 a baked or fried …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • calzone — cal·zó·ne s.m. AU 1. spec. al pl., capo d abbigliamento che veste la persona dalla vita in giù coprendo le due gambe separatamente, in origine solo maschile e oggi usato anche dalle donne: infilarsi, mettersi, togliersi i calzoni; calzoni corti;… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Calzone — Cal|zo|ne, die; , n [ital. calzone] (Gastron.): zusammengeklappte, gefüllte Pizza …   Universal-Lexikon

  • calzone — {{hw}}{{calzone}}{{/hw}}s. m. 1  spec. al pl. Indumento spec. maschile che veste la persona dalla cintola in giù e copre ogni gamba separatamente; SIN. Pantaloni. 2 Ognuna delle due parti dei calzoni: calzone destro, sinistro. 3 Disco di pasta da …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • calzone — [kal tsəʊni, neɪ] noun (plural calzoni or calzones) a type of pizza that is folded in half before cooking to contain a filling. Origin Ital. dialect, prob. a special use of calzone trouser leg …   English new terms dictionary

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