The Florentine banking family of the Cerchi, minor nobles of the Valdarno, with a seat especially at Acone near Pontassieve, settled in Florence in the early thirteenth century and increased their fortunes. The family became the heads of a consortium of the prominent Guelfs that securely controlled Florence after the battle of Benevento in 1266. In Florence, the Cerchi purchased some of the ancient structures in the closely packed inner city formerly belonging to the counts Guidi, cheek-by-jowl with the proud Florentine family of the Donati, with whom their growing mutual antagonism was expressed in violent episodes that polarized Florence within a couple of decades in a virtual civil war that aligned behind two captains, Corso Donati of the Neri Guelf faction— the "Black" Guelfs of the old noble oligarchy— and Vieri de' Cerchi of the Bianchi, the moderate party that represented itself as champions of working people (the magri). The resulting violence lasted, with irruptions of tranquility, into the fourteenth century.
In 1289 a plot had been intercepted at Arezzo, by which the city's bishop agreed to give over to the Florentines Bibbiena Civitella, and all the villages of his see, in return for a life annuity of 5,000 golden florins a year, guaranteed by the bank of the Cerchi. These rumors led to the confrontation of Guelfs and Ghibellines at the Battle of Campaldino, 11 June 1289, in which the young Dante Alighieri took part and Viero dei Cerchi lost his life.
In the popular uprising of 2 May 1299, the podestà Corso Donati was expelled, and with him the Donati faction. The Cerchi faction prevailed. In May the following year a brawl between Donati and Cerchi erupted, in which one of the Cerchi had his nose slit, but plots to restore Donati, who had become podestà of Orvieto, were unsuccessful. Matters were complicated when Pope Boniface VIII sent Carlo, the Valois king of Naples to restore peace between Bianchi and Neri. He favoured the Neri: Dante, who had married Gemma Donati, was among those Bianchi dispossessed and banished in 1302, and marked Boniface as destined for the eighth circle of Hell in his Inferno.
In Florence, the house of the Alighieri was a few hundred paces from the cluster of tower houses of the Cerchi, which were restructured in the fourteenth century to form a rambling Palazzo dei Cerchi in the isolated block (insula) fronting via dei Cimatori and via della Condotta behind Piazza della Signoria. This was the power center of the Cerchi: their church was the little Santa Margherita dei Cerchi of which the arms of the patrons, Cerchi, Adinari and Donati, may still be seen on its thirteenth-century doorway. This was the church of Dante's Beatrice Portinari.
The Palazzo, now renovated, has been the home of the study abroad program for Kent State University since 2003.
Another palazzo dei Cerchi, facing into Piazza di Santa Croce, was entirely rebuilt in the seventeenth century as the Palazzo dell'Antella.
The public charity and personal piety of Blessed Umiliana de' Cerchi (c. 1219-19 May 1246) became the object of a popular cult in Florence immediately after her death; it resulted in her beatification in 1634.
- ^ Santa Margherita is noted in a document of 1032.
- Benvenuti Papi, Anna. "Umiliana dei Cerchi: nascità di un culto nella Firenze de Duecento" in Studi Francescani (Turin: Società Editrice Internazionale, 1929-). 77 (1980) pp 87-117.
- Touring Club Italiano, (1922) 1964. Firenze e Dintorni p. 197.
- (Alessandra Meyer), " Conservazione deele città toscane": Plan of Palazzo Cerchi
- Storia di Firenze: secolo XIII A timeline of events
- Italian Wikipedia: "Umiliana de' Cerchi"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cerchi — (spr. Tscherki), reiches Geschlecht in Florenz; politisch bedeutend bes. durch Vieri nach 1294, s. Florenz (Gesch.) … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Cerchi, Vieri dei — ▪ Italian noble and banker flourished 1300, Florence [Italy] Florentine noble and banker who became the leader of the faction known as the Whites in the civil strife of the late 13th century. A knight who fought in the Guelf (pro… … Universalium
Massimiliano Cerchi — (born May 26, 1972) is a film director and producer. In 1995, he opened his own film production company, Rounds Entertainment, which primary produces horror movies for a direct to video market. External links Massimiliano Cerchi at the Internet… … Wikipedia
Santa Margherita de' Cerchi — The Chiesa di Santa Margherita de Cerchi is an ancient church dedicated to Margaret the Virgin in the centre of Florence, Italy. It is first recorded in 1032 and is said, contentiously, to have been the location of Dante s marriage to Gemma… … Wikipedia
Florenz  — Florenz (Geschichte des Staates). I. F. während des Kampfes der Guelfen u. Ghibellinen um die Oberherrschaft bis zum Siege der Ersteren, 1304. Schon seit der Mitte des 11. Jahrh. ging F., von den deutschen Kaisern mit vielen Privilegien u.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Kent State University — This article is about the university in Ohio. For the 1970 shootings of anti war protesters, see Kent State shootings. Kent State University Motto Excellence In Action Established 1910 … Wikipedia
Donati (Familie) — Familienwappen Die Donati waren eine Patrizierfamilie in Florenz, die vor allem im 13. Jahrhundert große politische Bedeutung für den Florentiner Stadtstaat innehatte. Durch Dante Alighieri wurde die Familie literarisch. Die Familie gehörte zum… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ciacco — Dante encuentra a Ciacco. Ilustración de Gustave Doré. Ciacco es un personaje de ficción, citado por Dante Alighieri en el Infierno entre los golosos (VI, vv. 34 75), así como por Giovanni Boccaccio en una novela del Decamerón. El personaje… … Wikipedia Español
Copa de Escocia 1933-34 — La Copa de Escocia 1933 34 fue la 56ª edición de la Scottish Cup. El titulo fue ganado por Rangers luego de vencer a St. Mirren en la final por un marcador de 5 0. Fases Semifinales 31 de marzo Final 21 de abril … Wikipedia Español
Green Island (Western Australia) — Green Island is an island in Oyster Harbour located approximately convert|6.5|km|mi|0 northeast of Albany in Western Australia.The island has a total area of convert|2|ha|acre|0|lk=on and was designated as a Class 1A Nature Reserve in 1988. [cite … Wikipedia