Arrondissement


Arrondissement

An arrondissement is an administrative division in some French or Dutch-speaking countries.

France

The 100 French departments are divided into 342 "arrondissements", which may be translated into English as districts.

The capital of an arrondissement/district is called a subprefecture. When an arrondissement contains the prefecture (capital) of the department, that prefecture is the capital of the arrondissement, acting both as a prefecture and as a subprefecture.

Arrondissements are further divided into cantons and communes.

Municipal arrondissement

A municipal arrondissement ( _fr. arrondissement municipal, pronounced IPA|/aʀɔ̃dismɑ̃ mynisipal/), is a subdivision of the commune, used in the three largest cities: Paris, Lyon and Marseille. It functions as an even lower administrative division, with its own mayor. Although usually referred to simply as an "arrondissements", they should not be confused with departmental arrondissements, which are groupings of communes within one "département".

Belgium

The federalized country Belgium geographically consists of three regions, of which only Flanders (the Flemish region) and Wallonia are subdivided into five provinces each; the Brussels Capital Region is neither a province nor is it part of one.

:The remainder of this chapter was unambiguously translated on 2006-05-22 from the Dutch language Wikipedia (last changed 2006-05-05): In Belgium there are administrative, judicial and electoral arrondissements. These may or may not relate to identical geographical areas.
*The 43 administrative arrondissements are an administrative level between the municipalities and the provinces. Per region an overview of its municipalities ("gemeenten/communes") and the district or administrative arrondissement these belong to can be found in the Municipalities of Belgium page; for these administrative arrondissements also more technical references are available.
*Belgium has 27 judicial arrondissements.
*Until a short while ago the "electoral circles for the parliaments" were "electoral arrondissements"; at present these circles are the "provinces", except for the arrondissements Brussels-Capital (geographically coinciding with the Brussels Capital Region) and Halle-Vilvoorde (one of the two districts in the province Flemish Brabant in the Flemish region), which together still form the electoral circle Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde (in Dutch "kieskring Brussel-Halle-Vilvoorde", in French "cercle" or "circonscription électoral Bruxelles-Hal-Vilvorde").
**For the elections of the Walloon Parliament, 13 arrondissements (or grouped arrondissements) are still being used as electoral circles:
***Arlon - Marche-en-Famenne - Bastogne
***Mons
***Charleroi
***Dinant - Philippeville
***Tournai - Ath - Mouscron
***Huy - Waremme
***Liège
***Namur
***Neufchâteau - Virton
***Nivelles
***Thuin
***Verviers
***Soignies

Netherlands

In the Netherlands an "arrondissement" is a judicial jurisdiction, comprising a number of communes.

Canada

Quebec

In Quebec, the cities of Montreal, Quebec City, Saguenay, Longueuil, Sherbrooke, and the municipality of Grenville-sur-la-Rouge are divided into "arrondissements" (called boroughs in English).

Haiti

Each of Haiti's ten departments is sub-divided into arrondissements.

Africa

Most nations which had been colonised by the French in Africa have retained the arrondissment administrative structure. These are normally subunits of a Department, and may contain or be coequal with Communes (towns). In Mali the arrondissment is a subunit of a Cercle, while in some places arrondissements are essentially subdistricts of large cities.
*Each of Senegal's departments are subdivided into arrondissments. Dakar is further subdivided into arrondissements; see Arrondissements of Senegal.
*Between 1962 and 2002, each of Niger's departments were subdivided into arrondissments; see Arrondissements of Niger: Since 2002 they have been renamed Departments (with the former Departments renamed Regions).
*Each of Mali's Cercles are subdivided into arrondissments; see Cercles of Mali for maps of arrondissments by Cercle.
*Each of Benin's departments are subdivided into communes, which are in turn subdivided into arrondissments: they sit above villages in Benin's structure; see Communes of Benin for maps of communes by Department.
*Each of Cameroon's departments are subdivided into arrondissments: they sit above "subdistricts" and communes in Cameroon's structure; see Departments of Cameroon for maps of arrondissments by Department.
*Following a restructure in 2002, Chad retains arrondissments only in the city of N'Djamena, which is divided into 10 arrondissements.
*The Republic of the Congo retains arrondissments only in the city of Brazzaville, which is divided into 7 arrondissements. See Administrative divisions of the Republic of the Congo.
*Djibouti retains arrondissments only in the city of Djibouti City, which is divided into 6 arrondissements.
*Morocco's Cercles are subdivided into communes rurales, municipalities, communes urbaines, and arrondissements, depending on the classification of the community.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • arrondissement — [ arɔ̃dismɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1458; de arrondir 1 ♦ Vx Action d arrondir, de s arrondir. Fig. Arrondissement d un domaine. ⇒ agrandissement; accroissement. Le « travail constant d “arrondissement” mené en Allemagne par les neveux de Frédéric II »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arrondissement — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un arrondissement o distrito es una división administrativa común en algunos países francófonos y también en los Países Bajos. Contenido 1 Bélgica 2 Canadá 3 Francia …   Wikipedia Español

  • arrondissement — ARRONDISSEMENT. s. m. L action par laquelle on arrondit. L arrondissement de ce globe a coûté beaucoup de temps. [b]f♛/b] Il se dit aussi De l état d une chose arrondie. L arrondissement de ces figures est parfait. [b]f♛/b] On dit figurément, L… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • arrondissement — Arrondissement. s. m. v. L action par laquelle on arrondit. L arrondissement de ce globe a cousté beaucoup de temps. On dit fig. L arrondissement d une periode, d une stance, pour dire, Le beau tour qu on donne à une periode, à une stance …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • arrondissement — Arrondissement, Rotundatio. Arrondissement et ployement en rond que fait un chable, ou serpent entortillé, Spira, Spirae. Les arrondissements d un habillement, sont les retailles qu on fait en l arrondissant, Rotundationis relegmina …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Arrondissement — Ar ron disse ment , n. [F., fr. arrondir to make round; ad + rond round, L. rotundus.] A subdivision of a department. [France] [1913 Webster] Note: The territory of France, since the revolution, has been divided into departments, those into… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arrondissement — (fr., spr. Arrongdiß mang), 1) Unterabtheilung der französischen Departements, welcher ein Souspräfect vorsteht; 2) (Municipalitäten), Quartiere, in welche mehrere französische Städte getheilt werden …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arrondissement — (franz., spr. arrongdißmāng), Rundung, Abrundung einer Sache; Unterabteilung (Bezirk) der französischen Departements, der ein Unterpräfekt vorsteht; auch Benennung der Quartiere, in die mehrere französische Städte eingeteilt werden, wie z. B.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arrondissement — (frz., spr. rongdiß máng), Abrundung, in Frankreich Unterabteilung der Departements; auch Stadtbezirk, namentlich in Paris …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • arrondissement — index circuit Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • arrondissement — (n.) 1807, administrative subdivision of a French department, from French, lit. a rounding, from stem of arrondir to make round, from a to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + rond round (see ROUND (Cf. round) (adj.)) …   Etymology dictionary


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