Australian non-residential architectural styles

Australian non-residential architectural styles are a set of Australian architectural styles that apply to buildings used for purposes other than living in and have been around only since the first colonial government buildings of early European settlement of Australia in 1788.

Their distribution follows closely the establishment and growth of the different colonies of Australia, in that the earliest colonial buildings can be found in New South Wales and Tasmania.

The following classification is derived from Apperley, Irving and Reynolds (1989):

Old Colonial Period 1788 - c. 1840

*Old Colonial Georgian; Old Colonial Regency; Old Colonial Grecian; Old Colonial Gothic Picturesque




Gothic Picturesque

Victorian Period c. 1840 - c. 1890

15 styles all prefaced by "Victorian": :Georgian, Regency, Egyptian, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filligree, Mannerist, Second Empire, Italianate, Romanesque, Academic Gothic, Free Gothic, Tudor, Rustic Gothic, Carpenter Gothic




Academic Classical

Free Classical



Notable examples in Australia include: Culwulla Chambers (Sydney); Former Rocks Police Station (Sydney); Block Arcade (Melbourne); Stalbridge Chambers (Melbourne), National Bank Pall Mall (Bendigo); RESI Chambers (Melbourne); Lygon Buildings, Medley Hall (Carlton, Victoria); Former Money Order Post Office and Savings Bank (Melbourne); Mutual Store (Melbourne);

econd Empire

Notable examples include: Sydney Town Hall (Sydney); Hotel Windsor (Melbourne); Princess Theatre (Melbourne); Former Records Office (Melbourne); Melbourne General Post Office (Melbourne); Melbourne Town Hall (Melbourne); East Melbourne Synagogue (East Melbourne, Victoria); Royal Exhibition Building (Carlton, Victoria); Collingwood Town Hall (Collingwood, Victoria); South Melbourne Town Hall (South Melbourne, Victoria); Malvern Town Hall (Malvern, Victoria); Former Rechabite Hall (Phahran, Victoria); Brunswick Town Hall (Brunswick, Victoria); Camberwell Town Hall (Camberwell, Victoria); Bendigo Town Hall (Bendigo, Victoria); Shamrock Hotel (Bendigo Victoria); Bendigo Courthouse (Bendigo, Victoria); Bendigo Post Office (Bendigo, Victoria); Institute of Technology (Bendigo, Victoria); Queensland Parliament House (Brisbane)



Academic Gothic

Free Gothic


Rustic Gothic

Carpenter Gothic

Federation Period c. 1890 - c. 1915

12 styles, each style name prefaced by "Federation"::Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filligree, Anglo-Dutch, Romanesque, Gothic, Carpenter Gothic, Warehouse, Queen Anne, Free Style, Arts and Crafts, Bungalow

Academic Classical

Free Classical

Notable examples include: Sydney Hospital (Sydney); Taronga Zoo Pavilion (Sydney); Sydney Central Station (Sydney); Flinders Street Station (Melbourne); Sacred Heart Church (St Kilda, Victoria); Read's Emporium (Prahran, Victoria); Old Royal Hotel (Williamstown, Victoria); Former Queensland Lands Administration Building (Brisbane)

econd Empire





Carpenter Gothic


Queen Anne

Free Style

Arts and Crafts


Inter-War Period c. 1915 - c. 1940

16 styles, each style name prefaced by "Inter-War"::Georgian Revival, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Beaux-Arts, Stripped Classical, Commercial Palazzo, Mediterranean, Spanish Mission, Chicagoesque, Functionalist & Modern, Art-Deco, Skyscraper Gothic, Romanesque, Interwar Gothic, Old English, California Bungalow

Georgian Revival

Academic Classical

Free Classical

Beaux Arts

tripped Classical

Commercial Palazzo


Art Deco

kyscraper Gothic


Functionalist & Moderne

Interwar Gothic

Old English

Functionalist & Moderne

The functionist and moderne style often used combinations of blonde and brown bricks in linear vertical or horizontal patterns.Notable examples include: Museum of Contemporary Art (Sydney); Captain's Flat Hotel (NSW); Russell Street Police Headquarters (Melbourne); Astor Theatre (St Kilda, Victoria); Ballarat Law Courts (Ballarat);

Post-War Period c. 1940 - 1960

5 styles, each style name prefaced by "Post-War"::Ecclesiastical, International



Late Twentieth Century Period 1960 - 2000

14 styles, each style name prefaced by "Late Twentieth Century"::Stripped Classical, Ecclesiastical, International, Organic, Brutalist, Structuralist, Late Modern, Post Modern, Immigrants' Nostalgic

tripped Classical





Notable examples include: Sydney Masonic Centre/Civic Tower (Sydney); AAPT Centre (Sydney); Sydney University Law School (Sydney); Cameron Offices (Canberra); High Court of Australia (Canberra); State Library of Queensland (Brisbane); Queensland Performing Arts Centre (Brisbane); Law Courts (Brisbane); Suncorp-Metway Plaza (Brisbane); National Gallery of Victoria (Melbourne); Total carpark (Melbourne); World Trade Center (Melbourne); Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Pool (Malvern, Victoria); St Kilda Public Library (St Kilda, Victoria); Plumbing Trades Employees Union of Australia Building (Melbourne); University of Melbourne Faculty of Engineering (Melbourne); Metropolitan Fire Brigade (East Melbourne, Victoria); R.A.W. Woodgate Centre (Kew, Victoria); University of Technology (Sydney), St Anthony's Church (Marsfield, Sydney)


Late Modern

Post Modern


Notable examples include Green Building RMIT; Deakin University main building; Australian Centre for Contemporary Art; Gottlieb House (Melbourne)

Immigrant's Nostalgic

21st Century Architecture

Several new and continued 20th century styles, all prefaced with 21st Century - Deconstructivist, Post modern, Structuralist, Sustainable, Modern


Notable examples include Fed Square; Shrine of Remembrance crypt; Sofo House (Melbourne) Swan Bells (Perth)

Post Modern


Advanced structuralism facilitated by Computer Aided Design


Notable examples in Australia include: 60L (Melbourne); CH2 (Melbourne); K2 Apartments (Windsor, Victoria); Dunc Gray Velodrome (Sydney); Forest EcoCentre (Tasmania); Rozak House (Noonamah, Northern Territory).


See also

* List of Australian architects

* [ Sydney Architecture Gallery]



* "Ulrike Laule, Rolf Toman, Achim Bednorz - Architecture of the Middle Ages" - Background to the Gothic Revival style.
* "George Wilkie - Building Your Own Home" - Section on Architectural Styles
* "Chronology of Styles in Australian Architecture"-

External links

* [ Photo of St Paul's Cathedral taken from the steps of Flinders Street Station]

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