Electronic Bill Presentment & Payment (EBPP) is a form of
electronic billingwhere a company bills its customers and receives payment electronically over the Internet.cite web|url=http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/E/EBPP.html|title=What is EBPP|publisher=webopedia.com|language=English|accessdate=2008-07-13] As the name also denotes, it addresses not only Bill Presentment, but also when applicable the process model for consumer payments to business.
The EBPP model was created by Council for Electronic Billing and Payment of the
National Automated Clearing House Association. Certain electronic billing applications also provide the ability to electronically settle payment for goods or services. Customers of banks and billing companies can use the internet or the phone to conveniently remit payments as well as access their billing information. The service is also supported by customer service representatives (CSRs) contacted directly by the consumer to facilitate payments or receive general assistance and answer questions. EBPP can produce substantial savings to traditional print & mail billing and payment remittance, and as an added benefit is a significant reduction in the use of paper.
Types of EBPP
*Biller-direct - This refers to an approach in which consumers make payments directly to one biller that issues bills that they receive at the website of the firm that issued the bill. An example would be of a
public utilitycompany offering this payment service to its consumers. A market has emerged for outsourced billing providers who specialize in electronic billing processes and technology for companies that need to send bills directly to their customers. An example of a billing outsourcing specialist is [http://www.billtrust.com Billtrust] .
*Bank-aggregator - The approach under this model is to make payment at an aggregator or consolidator site, usually from a consumer's bank’s website. This model allows the consumer to make payments to multiple billers that are pre-registered to receive payments.
Billers, bankers, aggregators and consolidators implementing EBPP can play various roles in the overall EBPP process. Once roles are defined, it is easier to identify which model is most appropriate for the client's EBPP strategy. Billers may also implement more than one model in order to best serve their clients. Because the industry is continuously changing and redefining, the options and opportunities for EBPP will continue to expand.
*Biller payment provider (BPP) - An agent of the biller that accepts remittance information on behalf of the Biller.
*Biller service provider (BSP) - An agent of the biller that provides an EBPP service for the Biller.
*Consolidator - A biller service provider that consolidates bills from multiple Billers or other bill service providers (BSPs) and delivers them for presentment to the customer service provider (CSP). [ [http://www.fisolutionswiki.com/wiki/index.php?title=Internet_Banking_Systems_Vendors#Bill_Payment_&_Presentment_Vendors Information on several solutions] ]
*Customer service provider (CSP) – An agent of the customer that provides an interface directly to customers, businesses or others for bill presentment. CSP enrolls customers, enables presentment and provides customer care, among other functions.
NACHA-The Electronic Payments Associationis a not-for-profit trade associationthat develops operating rules and business practices for the Automated Clearing House(ACH) Network and for other areas of electronic payments. NACHA activities and initiatives facilitate the adoption of electronic payments in the areas of Internet commerce, electronic bill payment and presentment (EBPP), financial electronic data interchange(EDI), international payments, electronic checks, electronic benefits transfer (EBT) and student lending.
To define some guidelines for best practices, NACHA has created the Council for Electronic Billing and Payment of the NACHA InteroperaBILL Initiative of the Banking Industry Technology Secretariat (BITS).
Electronic bill paymentis a now-common feature of online banking, similar in effect to a giro, allowing a depositor to send money from his demand accountto a creditoror vendorsuch as a public utilityor a department storeto be credited against a specific account. The payment is optimally executed electronically in real time, though some financial institutions or payment services will wait until the next business day to send out the payment. The bank can usually also generate and mail a paper chequeor banker's draftto a creditor who is not set up to receive electronic payments.
Most large banks also offer various convenience features with their electronic bill payment systems, such as the ability to schedule payments in advance to be made on a specified date, the ability to manage payments from any computer with a
web browser, and various options for searching one's recent payment history: when did I last pay Company X? To whom did I make my most recent payment? In many cases one can also integrate the electronic payment data with accounting or personal finance software.
Limitations (United States)
Typically, US financial institutions formally prohibit the use of their consumer electronic bill payment systems for payments to any tax authorities, collection agencies, or recipients of court-ordered payments like child support or alimony. Any organizations or individuals outside of the United States are also usually excluded. Payments to government agencies for utilities such as water are usually permitted.
Electronic bill pay systems fall into two categories, "pay-anyone" services and restricted biller list services. In a pay-anyone service, the provider will facilitate a payment to the payee regardless of whether they have an electronic connection with that payee or not. If they cannot deliver the payment to the payee electronically, they will print and mail a paper check on the payer's behalf. The largest providers of electronic bill pay services can deliver about 80% of their payments electronically, so 20% of payments facilitated by the large pay-anyone services are still made by mailing a paper check to the biller. This is the primary reason why some billers in a pay-anyone service require as much as a 5 day lead time for the payment to reach the payee.
Restricted biller list payment services allow you to pay any biller that is in the provider's network, and in these services where the provider has an electronic relationship with the biller, the payments will be delivered electronically.
* [http://cebp.nacha.org Council for Electronic Billing and Payment ]
* [http://cebp.nacha.org/documents/ebpp-buspractices-2-1.pdf CEBP Business Practices]
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