Abraham Azulai

Abraham Azulai (c. 1570 - 1643) (Hebrew: אברהם בן מרדכי אזולאי) was a Kabbalistic author and commentator born at Fez.

Biography

The expulsion of the Moors from Spain brought a great number of the exiles to Morocco, and these newcomers caused a civil war from which the country in general and the Jews in particular suffered greatly. Abraham Azulai, in consequence of this condition of affairs, left his home for the Land of Israel and settled in Hebron.

Works

In Hebron he wrote a commentary on the Zohar under the title "Kirjath Arba" (City of Arba; Gen. xxiii.2). The plague of 1619 drove him from his new home, and while in Gaza, where he found refuge, he wrote his cabalistic work "Chesed le-Abraham" (Mercy to Abraham; Micah vii.20). It was published after the author's death by Meshullam Zalman ben Abraham Berak of Gorice, in Amsterdam, 1685. Another edition, published in Sulzbach in the same year, seems to be a reprint, although Steinschneider, in "Cat. Bodl." col. 666, thinks the reverse. Azulai's commentary on the Zohar, "Zohore Chammah" (Rays of the Sun), was printed in Venice, 1654. He also wrote: "Or ha-Lebanah" (Light of the Moon), "Ma'asse Chosheb" (Cunning Work), and "Kenaf Renanim" (Peacock's Wing). He died in Hebron on November 6, 1643.

Of the numerous manuscripts that he left and that were in the hands of his descendant, Hayyim Joseph David (No. 4), some are still extant in various libraries. Only one was published, a cabalistic commentary on the Bible, under the title "Ba'ale Berit Abraham" (Abraham's Confederates; see Gen. xiv.13), Vilna, 1873. His most popular work, "Chesed le-Abraham," referred to above, is a kabbalistic treatise with an introduction, אבן השתיה ("The Cornerstone"; see Talmud Yoma 53b), and is divided into seven "fountains" (see Zecharia iii.9), each fountain being subdivided into a number of "streams." The contents of the work are hardly different from the average vagaries found in cabalistic books, as evidenced by the following specimen from the fifth fountain, twenty-fourth stream, p. 57d, of the Amsterdam edition:

Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography

*Azulai, "Shem ha-Gedolim," s.v.;
*Isaac Benjacob, "Oẓar ha-Sefarim," p. 196;
*Julius Fürst, "Bibliotheca Judaica," i.67;
*Heimann Joseph Michael, "Or ha-Ḥayyim," p. 12.

References

*JewishEncyclopedia


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abraham ben Mordecai Galante — (died 1560) was an Italian kabalist born in Rome at the beginning of the 16th century. Abraham, like his father Mordecai and his brother Moses, rabbi of Safed, is represented by his contemporaries as a man of high character who led a holy life… …   Wikipedia

  • Azulai — ist der Name von: Abraham Azulai (1570–1643), Kabbalist, Autor und Kommentator Chaim Joseph David Azulai (1724–1807), Gelehrter, Dezisor, Kabbalist und Bibliograph Siehe auch Azoulay Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AZULAI — AZULAI, family of scholars and kabbalists of Castilian origin which settled in Fez, Hebron, and Jerusalem after the expulsion from Spain. abraham ben mordecai azulai (1570–1643), the kabbalist, is the first of the family whose works are known.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AZULAI, ABRAHAM BEN ISRAEL — (c. 1660–c. 1741), kabbalist. Azulai was born in Marrakesh. He was related to R. abraham b. mordecai azulai , and was the disciple of R. Isaac de Levayah and a friend of R. Solomon Amar II and R. Abraham ibn Musa. He lived for some time in Tetuan …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AZULAI, ABRAHAM BEN MORDECAI — (c. 1570–1643), kabbalist. Azulai, who was born in Fez, first mastered the study of the Talmud and philosophic literature and then Kabbalah. He did not agree with the interpretations of the Zohar which his teachers provided, and he did not really …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham Amigo — (c. 1610 c. 1683) was a noted rabbi of Sepharadi descent. He lived in Palestine during the middle of the seventeenth century CE. Abraham was a contemporary of Moses ben Nissim Benveniste, the younger, author of the responsa, Sefer Pene Mosheh.… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham ben Levi Conque — (lived at Hebron, Palestine, in the second half of the seventeenth century) was a Jewish cabalist.Swayed by his cabalistic studies, Conque threw himself into the Shabbethaian movement around Shabbethai Ẓebi, and became one of the most earnest… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Saba — (1440 ndash; 1508) was a preacher in Castile who became a pupil of Isaac de Leon. At the time of the expulsion of the Jews from Spain he took refuge in Portugal, where he met with further misfortune; for scarcely had he settled in Oporto when… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF GRANADA — ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF GRANADA, Spanish kabbalist, putative author of Berit Menuḥah ( The Covenant of Rest ), one of the main works of the kabbalah . Nothing is known of his life or of the era to which he belongs. In the introduction to his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ha-Yakini — was one of the chief agitators in the Sabbatean movement, the son of Pethahiah of Constantinople. He was born according to a not entirely reliable source, מאורעות צבי (Lemberg, 1871, p. 3) on September 8, 1611. He studied under Joseph di Trani of …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.