Ayran

Fresh Susurluk Ayranı with a head of froth.

Ayran or laban is a cold beverage of yogurt mixed with cold water and sometimes salt; it is popular in many Central Asian, Middle Eastern and Southern European countries.[1]

Similar and possibly related beverages include the Indian lassi and the Iranian doogh.

Contents

Name

The name 'ayran' is used in Turkish and Arabic.[2]

Chilled Yayık Ayranı served in a copper tankard.

Consumption & variations

Turkey

Consumption

Ayran was developed by Turkic peoples.[6][7]

Turkey is the biggest producer of ayran in the world,[8][9] and has researched the subject extensively.[10] In Turkey, ayran is often regarded as a separate category from other soft drinks.

International fast-food companies in Turkey, such as McDonald's and Burger King, include ayran on their menu.

In rural areas of Turkey, ayran is offered as a "standard" drink to guests.

Ayran is usually served chilled, and is a common accompaniment to any form of grilled meat, pastry, or rice.

Mainstream variations
  • Susurluk ayranı - A very frothy kind of ayran, quite popular in Northwestern Turkey
  • Yayık ayranı - An ayran that is hand stirred in big horizontal wooden churns. Thick, with close to no froth.
  • Ekşili ayran - A sour variety, made out of strained yoghurt that carries a sour, smoky taste, especially if made from ewe's milk. Very popular in the Southeastern provinces.
Staple materials

Albania

In Albania Ayran is called Dhalle. It is made from cow yoghurt mixed with water and is served salted and cold. You can buy it in the market, fast-food chains, Byrektore (A shop where Byrek is made). It is very popular in summer.

Middle East

Ayran also enjoys considerable popularity in the Middle East, where it remains widely available on the market. Leben 'ayrân is mostly made out of strained yoghurt and has a sourer taste than the mainstream Turkish Ayran

Bulgaria

Ayran is commonly consumed with fast food, such as Banitsa from street vendors. McDonald's and Subway include ayran in their menu.[11] The Bulgarian Ayran is typically not salted.

Armenia & Armenian diaspora

In any country with a significant Armenian population, one can find the Armenian "Թան/T'an", that can be either carbonated (as in the Eastern Armenian Culinary culture), or non-carbonated (as in the Western Armenian Culinary culture).

Iran

In the Persian speaking world, ayran, named "Dûğ / دوغ" is often drunk in a carbonated form. Doogh, the Persian variation dates back to ancient Persia[12]. In rural Iran, one will often be offered dûğ that is a lightly seasoned with different spices, such as black pepper or mint.

See also

Similar beverages:

References

  1. ^ Heyhoe, Kate. The ABC's of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran
  2. ^ Davidson, Alan; Tom Jaine (2006). The Oxford companion to food. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192806819.  p. 46
  3. ^ Albanian-Turkish Dictionary Fjalor turqisht-shqip Indiana University 2009 [1]
  4. ^ Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary - airan
  5. ^ Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek - αριάνι
  6. ^ http://www.sutdunyasi.com/eski/s9/kapak.htm It is explained that the Göktürks naturally came across the Ayran while diluting it with water in order to reduce it's sourness.
  7. ^ http://www.kultur.gov.tr/TR/belge/1-17518/mutfak-kulturumuzde-turk-icecekleri-mesrubatlari.html Turkish Ministry of Culture - Article on the Turkish Culinary Culture - See the "Ayran" entry where this relation is thoroughly explained.
  8. ^ The manufactured Ayran market of Turkey was of 67.000.000 YTL as of 2006
  9. ^ http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-7224497/Entering-a-new-phase-David.html
  10. ^ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T7C-490H165-1&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2003&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=gateway&_origin=gateway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_searchStrId=1691242559&_rerunOrigin=google&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=6691082a7a3bad53fb796ca823e38f93&searchtype=a
  11. ^ http://mcdonaldsmenu.info/nutrition/ourmenu.jsp
  12. ^ Simmons, Shirin (2007). Treasury of Persian Cuisine. Stamford House Publishing. ISBN 1904985564, 9781904985563. http://books.google.com/books?id=87KOW40HThAC&lpg=PT252&dq=doogh&pg=PT252#v=onepage&q&f=false. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayran — fresco con espuma (Estanbul, Turquía). Ayran o Tan (IPA: [aɪˈran]) (Turco: ayran; Kazako Айран; Búlgaro: айрян o a veces мътеница / бърканица (literalmente agua aceitosa ); Macedonio: матеница, аjрaн; Griego: Αϊράνι; Armenio: Թան; Asirio: Döweh;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ayran — I, 120 …   Divan-i Luqat-i it-Türk Dizini

  • Ayran — Frischer Ayran mit Schaumkrone Ayran ist ein Erfrischungsgetränk aus dem Kaukasus und Anatolien auf der Basis von Joghurt. Zur Zubereitung werden Joghurt und Wasser im Verhältnis 2:1 bis 1:1 mit etwas Salz schaumig gerührt. Als Basis dient… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ayran — is. 1) Süt veya yoğurt yayıkta çalkalanarak yağı alındıktan sonra kalan sulu bölüm 2) Yoğurdun sulandırılıp çalkalanmasıyla yapılan içecek Birleşik Sözler ayran ağızlı ayran budalası ayran delisi ayran gönüllü Atasözü, Deyim ve Birleşik Fiiller… …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Ayran — Verre d ayran frais L ayran est une boisson lactée à base de yaourt très prisée en Turquie et en Arménie. Les Assyro chaldéens et les Kurdes l appellent dawé, les Arméniens, tahn (Թան). Elle est composée d un tiers de yoghourt frais et d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ayran — is. Yağı alınıb su qarışdırılmış qatıq. Heç kəs öz ayranına turş deməz. (Ata. sözü). Masanın üzərində böyük bir mətərə buzlu ayran qoyulmuşdu. M. S. O.. Qızxanım parçı ağzına qədər ayranla doldurub Almurad ağaya verdi. İ. Ə.. <Göyçək>… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Ayran — Ay|ran [ ai̮...], der oder das; [s], [s] <türkisch> (ein Joghurtgetränk) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • ayran — çalab, dug, mezik …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • ayran —  n.m. Yaourt battu avec de l eau sucrée (spécialité turque) …   Le dictionnaire des mots absents des autres dictionnaires

  • Ayran (Şanlıurfa) — Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.