Prince of Viana
The Prince of Viana is actually one of the titles of the heir of the
Crown of Spain. Other associated titles originate from the rest of the kingdoms that formed Spain: Prince of Asturias, Prince of Girona, Duke of Montblanc, Count of Cerveraand Lord of Balaguer.
Originally it was the title of the heir of the Kingdom of Navarre. It was instituted by Charles III for his grandson Charles, born of the marriage between his daughter Blanca and Juan, Prince of Aragón. The title was used also for
Gaston, Prince of Viana, the son and heir of Eleanor of Navarreand Gaston IV of Foix. It creation and use was a reflection of a Western European trend of bestowing upon the heirs of a kingdom rents for his personal benefit. In pre-unification Spain, the comparable titles were Prince of Asturias, in Castile and Prince of Gerona, in Aragón. In other European states, similar titles included Dauphin, in France, and Prince of Wales, in England.
Due to several historical events, such as the 15th century dynastic union of Spain between
Isabella I of Castileand Ferdinand II of Aragon, as well as the 16th century conquest of peninsular Navarre by Ferdinand II of Aragon, the title lost its importance. This was exacerbated when the Kingdom of Navarre ended up divided between the Kingdom of Franceand the Kingdom of Spain. While the title "Prince of Viana" has recently been revived, Viana itself no longer provides the heir with an income. Rather, it symbolizes the historical continuity of the former Crown of Navarre within the united Spanish monarchy.
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