Brocade

Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics, often made in colored silks and with or without gold and silver threads. The name, related to the same root as the word "broccoli" comes from Italian "broccato" meaning "embossed cloth," originally past participle of the verb "broccare" "to stud, set with nails," from "brocco", "small nail," from Latin "broccus", "projecting, pointed." [ [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=brocade Online Etymology Dictionary ] ]

Brocade is typically woven on a draw loom. It is a supplementary weft technique, that is, the ornamental brocading is produced by a supplementary, non-structural, weft in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together. The purpose of this is to give the appearance that the weave actually was embroidered on.

Ornamental features in brocade are emphasized and wrought as additions to the main fabric, sometimes stiffening it, though more frequently producing on its face the effect of low relief. In some, but not all, brocades, these additions present a distinctive appearance on the back of the material where the supplementary weft or floating threads of the brocaded or broached parts hang in loose groups or are clipped away. When the weft is floating on the back, this is known as a continuous brocade; the supplementary weft runs from selvage to selvage. The yarns are cut away in cutwork and broché. Also, a discontinuous brocade is where the supplementary yarn is only woven in the patterned areas.

ee also

* Eight Pieces of Brocade
* Songket

References

* Etymology online [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=brocade]
* Brocade paper (fragment), originally belonging to a sample book of J.M. Munck, Augsburg 1751 [http://libraries.theeuropeanlibrary.org/Netherlands/treasures_en.xml treasure 5] National Library of The Netherlands

*Marypaul Yates. Fabrics A Guide for Interior Designers and Architects. W. W. Norton & Co.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brocade — Bro*cade , n. [Sp. brocado (cf. It. broccato, F. brocart), fr. LL. brocare *prick, to figure (textile fabrics), to emboss (linen), to stitch. See {Broach}.] Silk stuff, woven with gold and silver threads, or ornamented with raised flowers,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brocade — 1560s, from Sp. brocado, from It. broccato embossed cloth, originally pp. of broccare to stud, set with nails, from brocco small nail, from L. broccus projecting, pointed (see BROACH (Cf. broach) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • brocade — ► NOUN ▪ a rich fabric woven with a raised pattern, usually with gold or silver thread. DERIVATIVES brocaded adjective. ORIGIN Spanish and Portuguese brocado, from Italian brocco twisted thread …   English terms dictionary

  • brocade — [brō kād′] n. [Sp brocado < It broccato, orig. pp. of broccare, to prick, embroider < brocco: see BROACH] a rich cloth with a raised design, as of silk, velvet, gold, or silver, woven into it vt. brocaded, brocading to weave a raised design …   English World dictionary

  • brocade — noun Etymology: Spanish brocado, from Catalan brocat, from Italian broccato, from broccare to spur, brocade, from brocco small nail, from Latin broccus projecting Date: 1588 1. a rich silk fabric with raised patterns in gold and silver 2. a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • brocade — [[t]brəke͟ɪd[/t]] brocades N MASS Brocade is a thick, expensive material, often made of silk, with a raised pattern on it. ...a cream brocade waistcoat …   English dictionary

  • brocade — 1. noun a) A thick heavy fabric into which raised patterns have been woven. b) An item decorated with brocade. 2. verb To decorate fabric with raised woven patterns …   Wiktionary

  • brocade — bro|cade [brəˈkeıd US brou ] n [U and C] [Date: 1500 1600; : Spanish; Origin: brocado, from Italian broccato, from broccare to set with large headed nails , from Latin broccus; BROOCH] thick heavy decorative cloth which has a pattern of gold and… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • brocade — noun (U) thick heavy decorative cloth which has a pattern of gold and silver threads: brocade curtains brocaded adjective …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • brocade — /broh kayd /, n., v., brocaded, brocading. n. 1. fabric woven with an elaborate design, esp. one having a raised overall pattern. v.t. 2. to weave with a raised design or figure. [1555 65; earlier brocado < Sp < It broccato embossed (fabric), ptp …   Universalium


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