color = lightgrey
name = "Campylobacter"

image_width = 200px
image_caption = Campylobacter bacteria
regnum = Bacteria
phylum = Proteobacteria
classis = Epsilon Proteobacteria
ordo = Campylobacterales
familia = Campylobacteraceae
genus = "Campylobacter"
genus_authority = Sebald and Véron 1963
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "C. coli" "C. concisus" "C. curvus" "C. fetus" "C. gracilis" "C. helveticus" "C. hominis" "C. hyointestinalis" "C. insulaenigrae" "C. jejuni" "C. lanienae" "C. lari" "C. mucosalis" "C. rectus" "C. showae" "C. sputorum" "C. upsaliensis"
The genus "Campylobacter", (meaning 'twisted bacteria') first discovered in 1963cite book | author = Nachmankin I; Szymanski CM; Blaser J (editors) | title = Campylobacter | edition = 3rd ed. | pages = pp 3–25 | publisher = ASM Press | year = 2008 | id = ISBN 9781555814373] , describes Gram-negative, spiral, microaerophilic bacteria. Motile, with either uni- or bi-polar flagella, the organisms have a somewhat curved, rod-like appearance, and are oxidase-positive.cite book | author = Ryan KJ; Ray CG (editors) | title = Sherris Medical Microbiology | edition = 4th ed. | pages = pp. 378–80 | publisher = McGraw Hill | year = 2004 | id = ISBN 0838585299 ] Campylobacter jejuni is now recognised as one of the main causes of bacterial foodborne disease in many developed countries.cite journal | author=Moore JE, "et al". | title="Campylobacter" | journal=Vet Res | year=2005 | pages=351–82 | volume=36 | issue=3 | pmid=15845230 | doi = 10.1051/vetres:2005012] At least a dozen species of "Campylobacter" have been implicated in human disease, with "C. jejuni" and "C. coli" the most common. "C. fetus" is a cause of spontaneous abortions in cattle and sheep, as well as it is an opportunisitic pathogen in humans.cite journal |author=Sauerwein R, Bisseling J, Horrevorts A |title=Septic abortion associated with Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus infection: case report and review of the literature |journal=Infection |volume=21 |issue=5 |pages=331–3 |year=1993 |pmid=8300253 | doi = 10.1007/BF01712458]


The genomes of several "Campylobacter" species have been sequenced, providing insights into their mechanisms of pathogenesis.cite journal | author=Fouts DE "et al". | title=Major structural differences and novel potential virulence mechanisms from the genomes of multiple "Campylobacter" species | journal=PLoS Biol | year=2005 | pages=e15 | volume=3 | issue=1 | doi = 10.1371/journal.pbio.0030015 |pmid= 15660156] The first "Campylobacter" genome to be sequenced was "C. jejuni", in 2000. [cite journal | author=Parkhill "et al." | title=The genome sequence of the food-borne pathogen "Campylobacter jejuni" reveals hypervariable sequences. | journal=Nature | year=2000 | volume=403 | pages=665–668 | doi=10.1038/35001088 | pmid=10688204 ]

"Campylobacter" species contain two flagellin genes in tandem for motility, "flaA and flaB". These genes undergo intergenic recombination, further contributing to their virulence. cite journal |author=Grant C, Konkel M, Cieplak W, Tompkins L |title=Role of flagella in adherence, internalization, and translocation of "Campylobacter jejuni" in nonpolarized and polarized epithelial cell cultures |journal=Infect Immun |volume=61 |issue=5 |pages=1764–71 |year=1993 |pmid=8478066] Non-motile mutants do not colonize.


Campylobacteriosis is an infection by campylobacter. [ [] ] The common routes of transmission are fecal-oral, person-to-person sexual contact, ingestion of contaminated food or water, and the eating of raw meat. It produces an inflammatory, sometimes bloody, diarrhea, periodontitiscite journal
last = Humphrey
first = Tom "et al."
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Campylobacters as zoonotic pathogens: A food production perspective
journal = International Journal of Food Microbiology
volume = 117
issue = 3
publisher =
doi = 10.1016
date = 2007
url =
doi_brokendate = 2008-06-25
] or dysentery syndrome, mostly including cramps, fever and pain. The infection is usually self-limiting and in most cases, symptomatic treatment by reposition of liquid and electrolyte replacement is enough in human infections. The use of antibiotics, on the other hand, is controversial.


One cause of the effects of campylobacteriosis is tissue injury in the gut. The sites of tissue injury include the jejunum, the ileum, and the colon. "C jejuni" appears to achieve this by invading and destroying epithelial cells.

Some strains of "C jejuni" produce a cholera-like enterotoxin, which is important in the watery diarrhea observed in infections. The organism produces diffuse, bloody, edematous, and exudative enteritis. In a small number of cases, the infection may be associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura through a poorly understood mechanism.


See also

* Periodontal disease

External links

* [ "Campylobacter" info from the CDC]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Campylobacter — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Campylobacter Micrografía al microscopio electrónico de barrido de C. fetus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Campylobacter — Campylobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Campylobacter — fetus Systematik Domäne: Bakterien (Bacteria) Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • campylobacter — género de bacterias de la familia de las espiruláceas, algunas de las cuales son patógenas para el hombre y causantes de sepsis, endocarditis, gastroenteritis, etc). ). Se han reconocido 14 especies del género Campylobacter. Las especies que se… …   Diccionario médico

  • campylobacter — ● campylobacter nom masculin (grec kampulos, courbé) Genre bactérien, souvent agent d infections digestives, dont l espèce type, Campylobacter fetus, est Gram négatif et aérobie strict …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Campylobacter — См. Кампилобактерии (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Campylobacter — género perteneciente a la familia Campylobacteraceae compuesto por bacilos gram negativas, curvos en s itálica o en espiral. Son móviles por flagelación monopolar (o monótrica) y bipolar monótrica. Tienen entre 0.5 y 5 micras de largo por 0.2 a 0 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Campylobacter — Campylobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Campylobacter — Genus of gram negative spiral shaped bacteria infecting mammals. Many species, especially C. fetus, cause miscarriage in sheep and cattle. C. jejuni is a common cause of food poisoning. Sources include meats (particularly chicken) and… …   Universalium

  • Campylobacter — A genus of bacteria containing Gram negative, nonsporeforming, spiral or S curved rods with a single flagellum at one or both ends of the cell; cells may also become spherical under adverse conditions; they are motile with a corkscrewlike motion… …   Medical dictionary

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