Ali ibn Ridwan

Abu'l Hasan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri (c. 988 – c. 1061) was an Egyptian Muslim physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Giza.

He was a commentator on ancient Greek medicine, and in particular on Galen; his commentary on Galen's Ars Parva was translated by Gerardo Cremonese. However, he is better known for providing the most detailed description of the supernova now known as SN 1006, the brightest steller event in recorded history, which he observed in the year 1006.[1] This was written in a commentary on Ptolemy's work Tetrabiblos.

He was later cited by European authors as Haly, or Haly Abenrudian. According to Alistair Cameron Crombie [2] he also contributed to the theory of induction. He engaged in a celebrated polemic against another physician, Ibn Butlan of Baghdad.[3]

Works

  • A commentary on Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos (the pseudo-Ptolemaic Centiloquy and its commentary, which is sometimes attributed to Ali, is actually the work of Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn al-Daya)
  • De revolutionibus nativitatum (The Revolutions of Nativities), edited by Luca Gaurico, printed in Venice (1524)
  • Tractatus de cometarum significationibus per xii signa zodiaci (Treatise on the Significations of Comets in the twelve Signs of the Zodiac), printed in Nürnberg (1563)
  • On the Prevention of Bodily Ills in Egypt: a treatise written to refute Ibn al-Jazzar's claim that Egypt was a very unhealthy place. Ibn Ridwan also argues that air (together with other environmental aspects) was fundamental to the health of a population.[4]

References

  1. ^ Star light, star brightest: the supernova of A.D. 1006 by Francis Reddy
  2. ^ Augustine to Galileo 2, p. 25
  3. ^ Schacht, Joseph; Meyerhof, Max: The medico-philosophical controversy between Ibn Butlan of Baghdad and Ibn Ridwan of Cairo: a contribution to the history of Greek learning among the Arabs. Egyptian University. Faculty of Arts. Publication no. 13. Cairo 1937
  4. ^ Pormann, Peter E.; Emilie Savage-Smith (2007). Medieval Islamic Medicine. Edinburgh University Press. p. 44. ISBN 0748620664. 

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ali Ibn Ridwan — Hali (links unten) auf der astronomischen Uhr des Nicolaus Lillienveld (1394), St. Nikolai Kirche (Stralsund) Ali ibn Ridwan, auch Hali, Abenrodano oder Abu l Hasan ʿAli ibn Ridwan (arabisch ‏أبو الحسن …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ali ibn Ridwan — Hali (links unten) auf der astronomischen Uhr des Nicolaus Lillienveld (1394), St. Nikolai Kirche (Stralsund) Ali ibn Ridwan, auch Hali, Abenrodano oder Abu l Hasan ʿAli ibn Ridwan, arabisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ali ibn Ridwan — Abu l Hasan Ali ibn Ridwan Al Misri (988 1061) était un médecin, un astrologue et un astronome égyptien. Ali ibn Ridwan était un commentateur de la médecine antique grecque. Il étudiait en particulier les textes de Claude Galien dans Ars Parva… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi — (died 982 994), also known as Masoudi, or Latinized as Haly Abbas, was a Persian physician and psychologist most famous for the Kitab al Maliki or Complete Book of the Medical Art, his textbook on medicine and psychology. Contents 1 Biography 2… …   Wikipedia

  • ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Kahhal — ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā redirects here. For the 9th century astronomer, see ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al Asṭurlābī. ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al Kahhal (fl. 1010 CE), surnamed the oculist (al kahhal) was one of Islam s most famous ophthalmologists. He was known in medieval Europe …   Wikipedia

  • Ali Ibn Radwan — Hali (links unten) auf der astronomischen Uhr des Nicolaus Lillienveld (1394), St. Nikolai Kirche (Stralsund) Ali ibn Ridwan, auch Hali, Abenrodano oder Abu l Hasan ʿAli ibn Ridwan (arabisch ‏أبو الحسن …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibn Botlan — und zwei seiner Schüler. Autorenbild aus dem Tacuinum Sanitatis, fol. 4. recto (1390) Ibn Botlan (eigentlich Abu l Hasan al Muhtar ibn al Hasan ibn Abdun ibn Sa dun ibn Botlan [* ? Bagdad; †  um 1064 in Antiochien]) war ein christlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibn Butlan — und zwei seiner Schüler. Autorenbild aus dem Wiener Tacuinum Sanitatis, fol. 4. recto (1390) Ibn Butlan (arabisch ‏ابن بطلان‎; mit vollem Namen Abu l Hasan al Muchtar ibn al Hasan ibn ʿAbdun ibn Saʿdun ibn Butlan / ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ali (name) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Ali imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = region = origin = Arabic related names = footnotes = ar. ʿAlī (Arabic: ar. علي ) is a male Arabic name, derived from the Arabic root ar. ʿ L Y which… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Ali — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.