Salty earth snake, R. sanguineus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Uropeltidae
Genus: Rhinophis
Hemprich, 1820
  • Rhinophis - Hemprich, 1820
  • Dapatnaya - Kelaart, 1853
  • Mitylia - Gray, 1858
  • Mytilia - Gray, 1858
  • Morina - Gray, 1858[1]
Common names: (none).

Rhinophis is a genus of non-venomous shield tail snakes found in southern India and Sri Lanka. Currently, 14 species are recognized and no subspecies.[2]


Geographic range

Found in southern India and Sri Lanka.[1]


Species[2] Taxon author[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
R. blythii Kelaart, 1853 Blyth's earth snake Sri Lanka in the hills of Central (Hatton and Pundluoya), Uva, Sabaragamuwa (Balangoda) and Southern Provinces.
R. dorsimaculatus Deraniyagala, 1941 Sri Lanka. Known only from the type locality in North Western Province.
R. drummondhayi Wall, 1921 Drummond-Hay's earth snake Sri Lanka in the Hills of Central and Uva Provinces (Haldumulla, Nanunukula and Uva Patnas at 1,200 m elevation).
R. fergusonianus Boulenger, 1896 Cardamom Hills earth snake Southern India in the Western Ghats: Cardamom Hills, Travancore.
R. homolepis (Hemprich, 1820) Sri Lanka in the Hills of Sabaragamuwa (Ratnapura, Yatiyantota and Balangoda Hills below 900 m), Central and Uva Provinces.
R. lineatus Gower & Maduwage, 2011[3] Striped Rhinophis Sri Lanka
R. oxyrynchusT (Schneider, 1801) Schneider's earth snake Sri Lanka in the dry zone of Northern, Central and Eastern Provinces.
R. philippinus (Cuvier, 1829) Peter's earth snake Sri Lanka in the Hills of Sabaragamuwa and Central Provinces.
R. porrectus Wall, 1921 Willey's earth snake Sri Lanka. Known only from the type locality in North Western Province.
R. punctatus Müller, 1832 Müller's earth snake Sri Lanka in Central (Kandy, Peradeniya) and Western Provinces (Puttalam).
R. sanguineus Beddome, 1863 Salty earth snake Southern India in the Western Ghats: Mysore (Koppa, Kalsa), Wynaad, Nilgiris, Travancore and Tinnevelly Hills.
R. travancoricus Boulenger, 1893 Travancore shieldtail Southern India: Travancore, from sea level to an elevation of about 1,200 m in the hills. In Trivandrum, Pirmed, Mahendragiri, Ernakulam and Chenganacherry.
R. tricolorata Deraniyagala, 1975 Sri Lanka. Known only from the type locality: "vicinity of the rain forest of Sinha Raja to the south west of Ratnapura at an elevation of 1,500 feet with a rainfall of over 200 inches per annum.
R. zigzag Gower & Maduwage, 2011[3] Zigzag Rhinophis Sri Lanka

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c "Rhinophis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=634404. Retrieved 1 September 2007. 
  3. ^ a b Gower, D.J. & Maduwage, K. (2011). "Two new species of Rhinophis Hemprich (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Sri Lanka." Zootaxa 2881: 51-68.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rhinophis — Rhinophis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhinŏphis — (R. Hempr.), Schlangengattung aus der Familie der Typhlopinen, mit spitzigem Kopfe u. kaum bemerkbaren Augen; in Asien …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rhinophis — sanguineus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • rhinophis — rhi·no·phis …   English syllables

  • rhinophis — ˈrīnəfə̇s noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from rhin + ophis : a genus of shieldtail snakes of the family Uropeltidae …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rhinophis sanguineus — Rhinophis sanguineus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhinophis homolepis — Rhinophis homolepis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhinophis dorsimaculatus — Rhinophis dorsimaculatus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhinophis philippinus — Rhinophis philippinus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rhinophis oxyrhynchus — Rhinophis oxyrhynchus …   Wikipédia en Français

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