Economy of the Cook Islands

Economy of the Cook Islands

The Economy of the Cook Islands, as in many other South Pacific island nations, is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit-processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are made up for by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid, overwhelmingly from New Zealand. Efforts to exploit tourism potential, encourage offshore banking, and expand the mining and fishing industries have been partially successful in stimulating investment and growth.

; GDP:: Purchasing power parity - $183.2 million (2005 est.); GDP - real growth rate: 0.1% (2005 estimate); GDP - per capita: $9 100 (2005 estimate); GDP - composition by sector::* Agriculture: 15.1%:* Industry: 9.6%:* Services: 75.3% (2000); Population below poverty line:: NA%; Household income or consumption by percentage share::* Lowest 10%: NA%:* Highest 10%: NA%; Inflation rate (consumer prices):: 2.1% (2005 est.); Labor force:: 6,820 (2001); Labor force - by occupation:: Agriculture 29%, industry 15%, services 56% (1995); Unemployment rate: 13.1% (2005); Budget::* Revenues: $70.95 million:* Expenditures: $69.05 million; including capital expenditures of $5.744 million (FY00/01 est.); Industries:: Fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts; Industrial production growth rate:: 1% (2002); Electricity - production:: 28 GW·h (2003); Electricity - production by source::* Fossil fuel: 100%:* Hydro: 0%:* Nuclear: 0%:* Other: 0% (2001); Electricity - consumption:: 34.46 GW·h (2005 est); Electricity - exports:: 0 kW·h (2003); Electricity - imports:: 0 kW·h (2003); Oil consumption:: 400 bbl/day (2003); Agriculture - products:: Copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee, pigs, poultry; Exports:: $5.222 million (2005); Exports - commodities:: Copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing; Exports - partners:: Australia 34%, Japan 27%, New Zealand 25%, US 8% (2004); Imports:: $81.04 million (2005); Imports - commodities:: Foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goods; Imports - partners:: New Zealand 61%, Fiji 19%, US 9%, Australia 6%, Japan 2% (2004); Debt - external:: $141 million (1996 est.); Economic aid - recipient:: $13.1 million (1995); note - New Zealand furnishes the greater part; Currency:: 1 New Zealand dollar (NZ$) = 100 cents; Exchange rates:: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1 - 1.4203 (2005), 1.9451 (January 2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997), 1.4543 (1996), 1.5235 (1995); Fiscal year:: 1 April–31 March


* [ CIA World Factbook, 2006] See also: Cook Islands

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