Henry Atkinson (1782 –
June 14 1842) was a U.S. army officer. He was a native of Person County, North Carolina. He entered the army in 1808 as a captainin the infantry, serving at various outposts on the Western frontier. He moved to New Yorkand was promoted to colonelin the Regular Army, seeing considerable action during the War of 1812. He commanded the 6th U.S. Infantrybeginning in 1815.
After the war, Atkinson led two expeditions to the
Yellowstone Riverin 1819 and 1825. He was appointed brevet brigadier general and was in overall command of U.S. forces during the Black Hawk War. Although he delivered the final blow to the Black Hawk Indians at the Battle of Bad Axe, Atkinson was criticized for mishandling the operations of the war and his reputation did not prosper as did those of his subordinates Zachary Taylorand Henry Dodge.
Atkinson later superintended removal of the Winnebago to
Iowa. Jefferson Barracks(near St. Louis) and Fort Leavenworthwere begun under his direction. He spent the remainder of his career stationed at Jefferson Barracks.
He married Mary Ann Bullitt on
January 16, 1826they had a son Edward Graham Atkinson.
* Nichols, Roger L., "General Henry Atkinson - A Western Military Career". Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
* Ghent, W. J. "Atkinson, Henry." "Dictionary of American Biography." Vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons. 1928.
* [http://members.aol.com/Rhenthorn1/atkinson.htm Henry Atkinson]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=_PwBAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA210&dq=General+Henry+Atkinson+-+A+Western+Military+Career&as_brr=1 Letter to Ann Gentry]
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