Piping


Piping

:"For other uses, see Pipe."Within industry, piping is a system of pipes used to convey fluids (liquids and gases) from one location to another. The engineering discipline of piping design studies the efficient transport of fluid. [cite book|author=Editors: Perry, R.H. and Green, D.W.|title=Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook|edition=6th Edition|publisher=McGraw-Hill Book Company|year=1984|id=ISBN 0-07-049479-7] [cite book|author=Editor: McKetta, John J.|title=Piping Design Handbook|edition= |publisher=Marcel Dekker, Inc.|year=1992|id=ISBN 0-8247-8570-3]

Industrial process piping (and accompanying in-line components) can be manufactured from wood, glass, steel, aluminum, plastic, copper, and concrete. The in-line components, known as fittings, valves, and other devices, typically sense and control the pressure, flow rate and temperature of the transmitted fluid, and usually are included in the field of piping design. Piping systems are documented in Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams. If necessary, pipes can be cleaned by the tube cleaning process.

Plumbing is a piping system that most people are familiar with, as it constitutes the form of fluid transportation that is used to provide potable water and fuels to their homes and business. Plumbing pipes also remove waste in the form of sewage, and allow venting of sewage gases to the outdoors. Fire sprinkler systems also use piping, and may transport potable or nonpotable water, or other fire-suppression fluids.

Piping also has many other industrial applications, which are crucial for moving raw and semi-processed fluids for refining into more useful products. Some of the more exotic materials of construction are titanium, chrome-moly and various other steel alloys.

Pipe stress analysis

Process piping and power piping are typically checked by pipe stress engineers to verify that the routing, nozzle loads, hangers, and supports are properly placed and selected such that allowable pipe stress is not exceeded under the appropriate ASME code. [ [http://catalog.asme.org/books/PrintBook/Process_Piping_Complete_Guide.cfm Process Piping: ASME B31.3] ] [ [http://catalog.asme.org/Codes/PrintBook/B311_2004_Power_Piping.cfm Power Piping: ASME B31.1] ] This checking is usually done with the assistance of a (finite element) pipe stress analysis program such as Caesar II, ROHR2, CAEPIPE and AUTOPIPE.

ee also

*Hydrogen piping
*Hydrostatic test
*Piping and plumbing fittings
**Pipe cap
**Valve
**Street elbow
**Nipple (plumbing)
**Coupling (piping)
**Elbow (piping)
**Union (plumbing)
**Victaulic
*Hydraulic pipes
*Plastic Pressure Pipe Systems
*Riser clamp
*Firestop
*Thermal insulation

References

Further reading

* [http://engstandards.lanl.gov/engrman/6mech/pdfs/D20-AppA-ASME_B31.3-r1a.pdf ASME B31.3 Process Piping Guide, Revision 1] from Los Alamos National Laboratory Engineering Standards Manual OST220-03-01-ESM
* [http://www.americanlifelinesalliance.org/pdf/Seismic_Design_and_Retrofit_of_Piping_Systems.pdf Seismic Design and Retrofit of Piping Systems, July 2002] from American Lifelines Alliance website
* [http://www.usace.army.mil/publications/eng-manuals/em1110-1-4008/entire.pdf Engineering and Design, Liquid Process Piping] U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, EM 1110-l-4008, May 1999

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Piping — Pip ing (p[imac]p [i^]ng), a. [From {Pipe}, v.] 1. Playing on a musical pipe. Lowing herds and piping swains. Swift. [1913 Webster] 2. Peaceful; favorable to, or characterized by, the music of the pipe rather than of the drum and fife. Shak.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Piping — (Röhrenbildung) ist eine Form der inneren Erosion. Dabei entstehen röhrenartige Kanäle in Staudämmen, Deichen oder ähnlichen Bauwerken aus Erdschüttmaterial (Sand, Erde, Ton), die bis zum Versagen führen können. Durch einen eingestauten Damm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • piping — ► NOUN 1) lengths of pipe. 2) lines of icing or cream, used to decorate cakes and desserts. 3) thin cord covered in fabric and inserted along the length of a seam or hem for decoration. ● piping hot Cf. ↑piping hot …   English terms dictionary

  • Piping — Pip ing, n. 1. A small cord covered with cloth, used as trimming for women s dresses. [1913 Webster] 2. Pipes, collectively; as, the piping of a house. [1913 Webster] 3. The act of playing on a pipe; the shrill noted of birds, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • piping — [pīp′iŋ] n. 1. the act of a person who pipes 2. the music made by pipes 3. a shrill voice or sound 4. a) a system of pipes b) pipes collectively 5. a pipelike fold of material with which edges or seams are trimmed …   English World dictionary

  • Piping — Piping,   Pipe …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Piping — A bias fold or cord put on the edge of a band or garment as a finish …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • piping — [[t]pa͟ɪpɪŋ[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Piping is metal, plastic, or another substance made in the shape of a pipe or tube. ...rolls of bright yellow plastic piping. 2) N UNCOUNT Piping is cloth made into a narrow tube. Piping is used to decorate the edges …   English dictionary

  • piping — pip|ing1 [ˈpaıpıŋ] n [U] 1.) a thin tube of cloth, usually with string inside, sewn onto clothing, furniture etc as decoration 2.) several pipes, or a system of pipes, used to send liquid or gas in or out of a building piping 2 piping2 adv piping …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • piping — /ˈpaɪpɪŋ / (say puyping) noun 1. pipes collectively. 2. material formed into a pipe or pipes. 3. the act of someone or something that pipes. 4. the sound of pipes. 5. shrill sound. 6. the music of pipes. 7. a cordlike ornamentation made of icing …   Australian English dictionary


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