- Giulio Andreotti
Infobox Prime Minister
honorific-prefix = Senatore
name = Giulio Andreotti
caption = Andreotti,
Takeo Fukuda, Jimmy Carter, Helmut Schmidtand Valéry Giscard d'Estaingin 1978
order = 58th, 61st and 70th
Prime Minister of Italy
17 February 1972
7 July 1973
Ugo La Malfa
29 July 1976
4 August 1979
22 July 1989
24 April 1992
Ciriaco De Mita
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
August 4, 1983
July 22, 1989
Gianni De Michelis
Ciriaco de Mita
Italian Minister of Defense
February 15, 1959
February 23, 1966
March 14, 1974
November 23, 1974
Italian Minister of the Interior
January 18, 1954
February 8, 1954
primeminister8 = "Himself"
May 11, 1978
June 13, 1978
order9 = Lifetime Senator
June 19, 1991
constituency9 = "New Constituency"
birth_date = birth date and age|1919|01|14
nationality = Italian
spouse = Livia Danese
University of Rome La Sapienza
religion = Roman Catholic
party = Christian Democracy
Giulio Andreotti (born
14 January 1919in Rome[ [http://www.senato.it/leg/16/BGT/Schede/Attsen/00000074.htm Page at Senate website] it icon.] ) is an Italian politicianof the centrist Christian Democratic party who served as Prime Minister of Italyfrom 1972 to 1973, from 1976 to 1979, and from 1989 to 1992. He also served as Minister of the Interior (1954 and 1978), Defense Minister (1959-1966 and 1974) and Foreign Minister (1983-1989), and he has been a Senator for lifesince 1991. He is also a journalist and author.
He is sometimes called "Divo Giulio" (from Latin "Divus Iulius", "divine Julius", an
epithetof Julius Caesar) because of his authority and importance in the history of Italian republican politics. The film "Il Divo" deals with Andreotti's ties to the Mafiaand won the Prix du Jury at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival.
He studied law in
Rome. During his formative political years, he was tightly connected to the Christian Democratic Leader Alcide De Gasperi. Andreotti has sat in Parliament without interruption since 1946, when he was elected to the Constituent Assembly. He was almost continuously re-elected to the Chamber of Deputies, until President Francesco Cossigaappointed him Senator for life in 1991.
He was the last Christian Democratic prime minister of Italy, serving from 1989 to 1992. His last term was marred by the revelation of the corruption which ultimately destroyed the party. On
October 24, 1990, Giulio Andreotti acknowledged before the Chamber of Deputies the existence of "Operazione Gladio", a North Atlantic Treaty Organization secret anti-communist structure. During the first stages of " Tangentopoli" he was left untouched but in April 1993 he was investigated for having mafia relations. In 1994 the party of which he was a predominant figure vanished from the political sphere.
Involvement with the Mafia
Andreotti was investigated for his role in the 1979 murder of
Mino Pecorelli, a journalist who had published allegations that Andreotti had ties to the Mafiaand to the kidnappingof Prime Minister of Italy Aldo Moro. A court acquitted him in 1999 after a case that lasted three years, but he was convicted on appeal in November 2002 and sentenced to twenty-four-years imprisonment. The eighty-three-year-old Andreotti was immediately released pending an appeal. On October 30, 2003, an appeals court over-turned the conviction and acquitted Andreotti of the original murder charge. That same year, the court of Palermoacquitted him of ties to the Mafia, but only on grounds of expiration of statutory terms. The court established that Andreotti had indeed had strong ties to the Mafia until 1980, and had used them to further his political career to such an extent as to be considered a component of the Mafia itself. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20030726/ai_n12711345/pg_1 'Kiss of honour' between Andreotti and Mafia head never happened] , The Independent, Jul 26, 2003]
As of 2005, he regularly writes articles for "
Corriere della Sera". He also recorded a TV spot for 3 mobile company, which began airing in November 2005.
After the April 2006 general election, Andreotti, aged 87, accepted to be the candidate for the Presidency of the Senate for
Silvio Berlusconi's House of Freedomsalliance that was still governing at the time. He was opposed by The Union's Franco Mariniand lost to him 156 votes to 165.
January 21 2008, he abstained from a vote in the Senate concerning Minister Massimo D'Alema's report on foreign politics. This choice, together with the abstentions of another life senator, Sergio Pininfarina, and of two communist senators, caused the government to lose the vote: as a consequence, Prime Minister Romano Prodiresigned. On previous occasions, Andreotti had always supported Prodi's government with his vote. Given his close ties to the high ranks of the Catholic Church, the abstention of Andreotti was read by many as a sort of warning delivered by the Conferenza Episcopale Italianato the government which at that time was pushing ahead a proposal for legal recognition of unmarried couples, including same-sex couples. (See Recognition of gay unions in Italy.)
* In response to opposition politician
Giancarlo Pajetta, who had claimed that "power wears out" ("Il potere logora"), Andreotti responded "Power wears out those who don't have it" ("Il potere logora chi non ce l'ha"). The sentence became proverbial and is widely recognized in Italy.
Gladio: "Gladio had been necessary during the days of the Cold War but, in view of the collapse of the East Block, Italy would suggest to NATO that the organization was no longer necessary."
* "You sin in thinking bad about people—but, often, you guess right" ("A pensare male si fa peccato, ma quasi sempre ci si azzecca").
* "Never over-dramatise things, everything can be fixed; keep a certain detachment from everything; the important things in life are very few"
* In Italy, he is often nicknamed "Belzebù" (
Beelzebub) by his adversaries.
* The fictional character Don Licio Lucchesi from "
The Godfather Part III" movie, a high-rank Italian politician closely bound to the mafia, was modeled on Andreotti. Ironically, before Lucchesi was killed, his killer whispered in to his ear "Power wears out those who don't have it".
* A joke about Andreotti had him receiving a phone call from a fellow party member, who pleaded with him to attend judge
Giovanni Falcone's funeral. His friend supposedly begged: "The State must give an answer to the Mafia, and you are one of the top authorities in it!". To which Andreotti answered puzzled, "Which one do you mean?"
*The Italian satirical magazine "Cuore" referred to Andreotti as Giulio "Lavazza", where
Lavazzais a leading Italian brand of coffee. This was a hint of an alleged involvement of Andreotti in the assassination of banker and felon Michele Sindona, killed in jail with a poisoned espresso.
*He is the subject of Paolo Sorrentino's Il Divo, winner of the Jury Prize at the 2008
Cannes film festival
* [http://www.univ-tlse2.fr/grhi/cahier/select_articles/foro.htm "Les procès Andreotti en Italie"] ("The Andreotti trials in Italy") by Philippe Foro, published by University of
ToulouseII, "Groupe de recherche sur l'histoire immédiate" (Study group on contemporary history) fr icon
title = Giulio Andreotti
titlestyle = style="background:#eee;
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Giulio Andreotti — 1978 Giulio Andreotti (* 14. Januar 1919 in Rom) ist ein italienischer Politiker und einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der ehemaligen katholischen Volkspartei Democrazia Cristiana (DC). Er ist außerdem als Schriftsteller und Journalist tätig.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giulio Andreotti — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Andreotti. Giulio Andreotti Mandats 59e … Wikipédia en Français
Giulio Andreotti — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al au … Wikipedia Español
Andreotti — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aldo Andreotti (1924–1980), italienischer Mathematiker Carlo Andreotti (* 1942), italienischer Politiker und Journalist Giulio Andreotti (* 1919), italienischer Politiker Libero Andreotti (1875–1933),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Andreotti, Giulio — (1919– ) The personification of the Italian postwar political elite, Giulio Andreotti must be regarded as both a statesman of international reputation and a deeply ambiguous political figure. Born in Rome, Andreotti became a force in the… … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Andreotti — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes partageant un même patronyme italien. Andreotti est un nom de famille d origine italienne notamment porté par : Bruno Andreotti, physicien français Giulio Andreotti (né en 1919), homme… … Wikipédia en Français
Giulio Carlo Argan — (Turin, 17 mai 1909 Rome, 12 novembre 1992) est un critique d art italien et une personnalité politique. Il fut, en 1976, le premier maire de la Rome républicaine à n être pas démocrate chrétien. Dans les années 1970, il fut l … Wikipédia en Français
Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata — (né le 9 juin 1946 à Bergame) est un diplomate italien, ministre des Affaires étrangères du gouvernement Monti depuis le 16 novembre 2011. Il était jusque là ambassadeur d Italie à Washington. Biographie … Wikipédia en Français
Andreotti — Andreotti, Giulio … Enciclopedia Universal
Andreotti, Giulio — ▪ prime minister of Italy born January 14, 1919, Rome, Italy Christian Democratic (Italian Popular Party) politician who was several times prime minister of Italy in the period from 1972 to 1992. He was one of Italy s most skillful and… … Universalium