- Grampians National Park
Infobox_protected_area_of_Australia | name = Grampians National Park
iucn_category = II
locator_x = -9999
locator_y = -9999
caption = View from The Pinnacle. Lake Bellfield can be seen at the left.
nearest_town_or_city = Halls Gap
coordinates = coord|37|12|28|S|142|23|59|E|type:landmark_region:AU
area = 1,672.19 km²
established = 1984
managing_authorities = Parks Victoria
official_site = [http://www.parkweb.vic.gov.au/1park_display.cfm?park=109 Grampians National Park]
The Grampians National Park is a
national parkin Victoria, Australia, 235 kilometres west of Melbourne. The Grampians feature a striking series of sandstone mountain ranges. The ranges were named in 1836 by Surveyor General of New South WalesSir Thomas Mitchellafter the Grampian Mountains in his native Scotland, but are also known by the name "Gariwerd", from one of the local Australian Aboriginal languages, either the Jardwadjaior Djabwurunglanguage [ http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/aboriginal_studies_press/aboriginal_wall_map/map_page Accessed 06/06/2007 ] . After a two-year consultation process, the park was renamed Grampians (Gariwerd) National Park in 1991, however this controversial formality was reversed after a change of state government in 1992.
This area is a distinct physiographic section of the larger Western Victorian Highlands province, which in turn is part of the larger
East Australian Cordilleraphysiographic division.
The general form that the ranges take is, from the west, a series of low-angled sandstone ridges running roughly north-south. The eastern sides of the ridges, where the sedimentary layers have faulted, are steep and spectacular, beyond the vertical in places - notably at Hollow Mountain near Dadswell's Bridge at the northern end of the ranges. The most popular walking area for day trippers is the Wonderland area near
Halls Gap. In summer the ranges can get very hot and dry. Winter and spring are the best times for walking. In spring the Grampians wildflowers are a major attraction. The area is a noted rock climbingdestination, and it is popular with campers and bushwalkers for its many spectacular views and unspoilt nature. However this is under increasing threat by inappropriate development of the area.
Mount William is known within the gliding community as the epicentre of the 'Grampians Wave', a weather phenomenon enabling glider pilots to reach extreme altitudes above 28,000ft. This predominantly occurs during the months of May, June, September and October when strong westerly winds flow at right angles to the ridge, and produce a large-scale standing wave (Mountain Lee Wave).
The rock material that composes the high peaks is sandstone which was laid down from rivers during the
Devonianera 380 million years ago. This sediment slowly accumulated to a depth of 7 km; this was later raised and tilted for its present form. Forty million years ago the Southern Oceanreached the base of the northern and western base of the mountain range, the deposition from the range forming the sea floor which is now Little Desert National Park.
The highest peak is Mount William at 1167 metres. Numerous waterfalls are found in the park and are easily accessible via a well developed road network.
Halls Gap is the largest service town in the area and is located at a point roughly equidistant between the towns of Ararat and Stawell. The town is located towards the eastern (
Melbourne) side of the park and offers accommodation to the many tourists who visit the area.
trees in the national park is quite typical. Many trees resprout with a mass of young shoots along the whole length of the trunk to the base of the tree. the grampians formed over thousands of years
Protected areas of Victoria (Australia)
* Thomas, Tyrone. "50 Walks in the Grampians". 5. Melbourne: Hill of Content, 1995.
* [http://www.parkweb.vic.gov.au/1park_display.cfm?park=109 Parks Victoria: Grampians National Park page]
* [http://your.pages.com.au/grampians/ Grampians Tourism Guide Victoria Australia] Tourism information for the Grampians tourism region including accommodation, attractions, activities, restaurants, cellar doors, events diary and more.
* [http://www.visitgrampians.com.au Official website for the Grampians - Grampians Marketing Inc]
* [http://www.grampiansnationalpark.com/ Grampians National Park Accommodation]
* [http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national/grampians/index.html Australian National Heritage listing for Grampians National Park]
* [http://www.hallsgapgetaway.com.au Grampians Accommodation]
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