List of Formula One fatal accidents
Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body. The F1 world championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held usually on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.
The list consists of all the drivers who have died during a FIA World Championship race weekend, or elsewhere while driving a Formula One car. It does not include track marshals and other race attendees, or F1 races held before the inauguration of the World Championship in 1950. Forty-five drivers have died in this fashion, twenty-four during a World Championship Grand Prix race weekend, seven during Indianapolis 500 races when it was part of the Formula One World Championship,[nb 1] nine during a test session and four during a non-championship Formula One event.
Fifteen drivers died in the 1950s; twelve in the 1960s; ten in the 1970s; four in the 1980s and two in the 1990s. No driver has suffered a fatal accident since 1994, making this the longest period in F1 history without a driver fatality. Drivers from the United Kingdom have suffered the most fatal accidents, 12 in all, the most recent being Tom Pryce in 1977. Only two Formula One Champions have died while racing or practicing in Formula One, Jochen Rindt in 1970, and Ayrton Senna in 1994.
Circuit Total First Last Indianapolis Motor Speedway 7 1953 1959 Nürburgring 5 1954 1969 Modena Autodrome 3 1953 1961 Silverstone Circuit 3 1960 1970 Brands Hatch 3 1961 1977 Autodromo Nazionale Monza 3 1961 1978 Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps 2 1960 1960 Circuit Zandvoort 2 1970 1973 Watkins Glen International 2 1973 1974 Kyalami 2 1974 1977 Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari 2 1994 1994 MIRA 1 1952 1952 Circuit de Pau 1 1955 1955 Reims-Gueux 1 1958 1958 Ain-Diab Circuit 1 1958 1958 Charade Circuit 1 1959 1959 Westmead Circuit 1 1962 1962 Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez 1 1962 1962 Circuit de Monaco 1 1967 1967 Rouen-Les-Essarts 1 1968 1968 Österreichring 1 1975 1975 Hockenheimring 1 1980 1980 Zolder 1 1982 1982 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve 1 1982 1982 Circuit Paul Ricard 1 1986 1986
Car Total Ferrari 7 Kurtis Kraft 5 Cooper 5 Lotus 5 Brabham 3 Shadow 2 Williams 2 Maserati 2 Honda 1 Surtees 1 De Tomaso 1 BRM 1 Vanwall 1 Kuzma 1 Porsche 1 Alfa Romeo 1 Simtek 1 March 1 Tyrell 1 BMW 1 Cornis 1 Osella 1 Penske 1
- ^ a b c d e f g h The Indianapolis 500 was part of the World Championship from 1950 until 1960. In this context, an Indianapolis 500 "event" includes both the race itself and all the testing, practice and qualifying sessions in the so-called "month of May" leading up to the race.
- ^ International Trophy was not a part of the 1960 world championship.
- ^ a b Although both drivers died at the same Grand Prix, Alan Stacey and Chris Bristow were not involved in the same accident. Bristow died on the 19th lap after being thrown out of his car, a result of losing control of his car at Burnenville, while Stacey died on the 25th lap after a bird flew into his face and he lost control of his car.
- ^ Cabianca's car left the racetrack and went onto a public street, killing three other people.
- ^ Fifteen spectators were also killed in Von Trips' fatal accident.
- ^ At the age of 20 years, 8 months and 18 days, Ricardo Rodríguez is the youngest person to have suffered a fatal accident in Formula One.
- ^ Hocking was killed in a Formula One practice Session. He was killed one week prior to his first Formula One Grand Prix.
- ^ John Taylor died of serious burns a few weeks after the accident on September 8, 1966 in Koblenz, Germany.
- ^ Lorenzo Bandini died of serious burns three days after his accident .
- ^ Mitter was driving a Formula Two car. F2 cars were allowed to take part in the F1 race as part of a separate contest.
- ^ After his death, Jochen Rindt was declared champion after his rivals failed to overhaul his points tally four Grands Prix later.
- ^ The World Championship Victory Race was not a part of the 1971 world championship.
- ^ As well as Tom Pryce, Jansen Van Vuuren, a teenage volunteer safety marshal, died in the accident after Pryce collided with him at high speed.
- ^ As well as Brian McGuire, John Thorpe, a volunteer fire marshal, died in the accident after McGuire's car struck the marshals' post he was manning. Two other marshals were seriously injured.
- ^ McGuire was killed in a Shellsport International Series race, for a mixed field of Formula One and Formula 5000 cars, which was not part of the Formula One Championship.
- ^ Peterson died in hospital the following day.
- ^ Villeneuve died in hospital later that day.
- ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). http://www.fia.com/en-GB/the-fia/about-fia/Pages/AboutFIA.aspx. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
- ^ "Killed While Testing Racing Car". The Times (London): p. 4. June 19, 1952.
- ^ Foust, Hal (1953-05-16). "Chet Miller, 50, Dean Of Racing Drivers, Killed". Chicago Daily Tribune.
- ^ Yates, Brock W. "The Indianapolis 500: The Story of the Motor Speedway." Harper and Brothers: New York. 1956. Page 67.
- ^ "Gran Premio di Modena". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXIX (10): p. 526. October 1953.
- ^ "XVII Grosser Preis von Deutschland". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXX (9): p. 496–497. September 1954.
- ^ "XVI Grand Prix de Pau". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXI (5): p. 264–265. May 1955.
- ^ "Driver Manny Ayulo Dies of Injuries From Crash". Los Angeles Times. 1955-05-18.
- ^ Blunk, Frank (1955-05-31). "Auto Race Driver Killed Seeking Third Straight Victory at Indianapolis". The New York Times.
- ^ "Continental Notes". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXIII (4): p. 158. April 1957.
- ^ "Test Driver Fatally Injured in Accident at Indianapolis". Los Angeles Times. 1957-05-16.
- ^ "15 Car Pileup Kills Vet Driver At Indianapolis". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press: p. 6. 1958-05-31.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 64.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 60.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 63.
- ^ "Driver Jerry Unser Dies of Crash Burns". Chicago Daily Tribune. 1959-05-18.
- ^ "Cortner Dies of Injuries Received in Indianapolis Practice Run Crash". Los Angeles Times. 1959-05-20.
- ^ "Innes Ireland drives brilliantly to win B.R.D.C. International Trophy race for Lotus. Lotus also win F.J. race. Salvadori (Jaguar) vanquishes Moss in saloon car contest.". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXVI (6): p. 425. June 1960.
- ^ "The Grand Prix of Belgium". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXVI (7): p. 520–522. July 1960.
- ^ "The Grand Prix of Belgium". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXVI (7): p. 522. July 1960.
- ^ "Racing Driver Dies After Crash". The Times (London): p. 23. June 2, 1961.
- ^ "Four die in Italian race car crash". The Times. Reuters: p. 13. 1961-06-16.
- ^ a b Tremayne. p. 67.
- ^ a b c Tremayne. p. 66.
- ^ "The 9th South African Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXIX (2): p. 95. February 1963.
- ^ "26th German Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XL (9): p. 724. September 1964.
- ^ "Obituary:Mr. John Taylor". The Times: p. 10. 1966-09-10.
- ^ "XXV Monaco Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLIII (6): p. 499. June 1967.
- ^ "Bob Anderson". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLIII (9): p. 796. September 1967.
- ^ "The French Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLIV (8): p. 685. August 1968.
- ^ "German Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLV (9): p. 983. September 1969.
- ^ "Racing car death". The Times (London): p. 2. May 26, 1970.
- ^ Mounter, Julian (1970-06-22). "Briton dies in race crash". The Times: p. 5.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 29.
- ^ Blunsden, John (1973-07-30). "Briton dies in Dutch Grand Prix". The Times: p. 1.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 59.
- ^ Blunsden, John (1974-10-08). "How Fittipaldi kept eye on title". The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd.): p. 12.
- ^ "Obituary: Mark Donohue A versatile racing driver". The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd.): p. 14. 1975-08-21.
- ^ a b Tremayne. p. 64.
- ^ "News in Brief:Brands Hatch crash kills 2". The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd.): p. 1. 1977-08-30.
- ^ "Depailler Dies In Accident". Washington Post. 1980-08-02.
- ^ Visbeen, Marcel (2007-08-14). "Racing towards a fate he never even saw coming". Forix 8W. Autosport. http://www.forix.com/8w/paletti.html.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 57.
- ^ Benson, Andrew (21 April 2004). "A death that shocked the world". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/3605579.stm. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- ^ Tremayne. p. 47.
- "GP Encyclopedia > Driver Index". http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/encyclopedia.html. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- Jones, Bruce (1995). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Formula One. The Book Company. ISBN 0-34064-889-9.
- "The Indianapolis 500 > Fatalities". http://indymotorspeedway.com/500fatal.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-21.
- "F1 fatalities by circuit and nation". Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. http://web.archive.org/web/20070303205259/http://www.f1complete.com/content/category/10/65/383/. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
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