A House of Pomegranates

"A House of Pomegranates" is a collection of fairy tales, written by Oscar Wilde, that was published as a second collection for "The Happy Prince and Other Tales" (1892). Wilde once said that this collection was "intended neither for the British child nor the British public."

The stories included in this collection are as follows:
*The Young King
*The Birthday of the Infanta
*The Fisherman and his Soul
*The Star-Child


The Young King

Dedicated to Margaret Lady Brooke (the Ranee of Sarawak)

"The Young King" tells the story of the illegitimate shepherd son of the recently dead king of an unnamed country. Being his only heir, he is brought to the palace to await his accession. There, he is in awe of the splendor of his new home and anxiously awaits his new crown, scepter, and robe which are soon to be delivered to him for his coronation in the morning.

During the night, he has three nightmares, one for each element of his raiment, showing him where they came from and how they were obtained. The third dream is the most elaborate and deals with the source of his new crown's rubies. In it, men excavate a dry riverbed in a tropical jungle, while overlooking them, the god Death tries to bargain with the goddess Avarice for a single grain of her corn.

On the coronation day, the Young King refuses the costume brought to him, and makes a crown from a loop of briers, a scepter from a stick, and wears his shepherds tunic in place of a robe. The nobles rebuke him for bringing shame to their class, the peasants for trying to deprive them of work, and the bishops for foolishly trying to take the world's suffering upon himself. The story ends with his approaching the altar of the cathedral alone, and his stick-scepter blossoming with white lilies, his brier-crown with red roses, and his robe colored by the light streaming through the stained-glass window; the bishop says that a much higher being (God) has officially crowned the young king.

The Birthday of the Infanta

Dedicated to Mrs. William H Grenfell of Taplow Court (Lady Desborough)

"The Birthday of the Infanta" is about a hunchbacked dwarf, found by courtiers of the King of Spain in the woods and sold to them by his father, brought to palace for the amusement of his daughter, the Infanta, on her twelfth birthday.

Her birthday is the only time she is allowed to mingle with other children, and she much enjoyed the many festivities arranged to mark it, especially the Dwarf's performance. He danced, as he did in the woods, thoroughly unaware of his audience's laughing at him. She insisted on his performing a second time for her after dinner.

The Dwarf mistakenly believed the Infanta must love him, and tried to find her, passing through a garden where the flowers, sundial, and fish ridiculed him, but birds and lizards did not. He found his way inside the palace, and searched through rooms hoping to find the Infanta, but finding them all devoid of life.

Eventually, he stumbled upon a grotesque monster that mimicked his every move in one of the rooms. When the realization came that it was his own reflection, he knew then that the Infanta did not love him and he fell to the floor, kicking and screaming. The Infanta and the other children came upon him and thought it to be another act, and laughed and applauded while his flailing grew more and more weak before he stopped moving altogether. The Infanta demanding more entertainment, a servant tried to rouse him, but discovered his heart had stopped. Telling this to the Infanta, she speaks the last line of the story "For the future, let those who come to play with me have no hearts."

The Fisherman and his Soul

Dedicated to H.S.H. Alice, the Princess of Monaco

In "The Fisherman and his Soul", a young Fisherman finds a Mermaid and wants nothing more than to marry her, but he cannot, for one cannot live underwater if one has a soul. He goes to his priest, but the priest tells him his soul is his most precious possession, and the soulless mermen are lost. He goes to a witch, who tells him his soul is his shadow, and says how it can be cut away.

After cutting his shadow and soul free from his body, his Soul tells him that the world is cruel and asks to take with him his heart to allay his fears. The Fisherman, however, refuses to give his Soul his heart, because his love needs it, and he sends the Soul away and joins his Mermaid under the sea.

Each year that passed, the Soul came to the Fisherman to tell him what he did in his absence. Each year, he traveled a different direction and met different people from distant cultures, and each time, he came into the possession of a magical object, but the Fisherman valued love greater than everything the Soul tried to tempt him with.

The third year, the Soul told the Fisherman about a nearby city where a woman danced barefooted. Deciding that, since it was so near and he could easily come back to his legless Mermaid, he agreed to go with the soul to see her dance. Rising up from the water, he and his Soul reunited. Passing through cities on the way, the Soul told the Fisherman to do things: in the first, he told him to steal a silver cup; in the second, to beat a child; in the third to kill and rob the man in whose house they were guests. The Fisherman confronted his Soul, who reminded him that he had not given him a heart. The Fisherman tried to cut away his Soul again, but discovered that, once reunited, they could never again be parted.

Returning to the shore, the Fisherman built a shelter near the water and called the Mermaid daily, but she never came. After years passed, the lifeless body of the Mermaid washed ashore, and the Fisherman held it while the violent waves enveloped him.

The Priest, finding the drowned Fisherman cradling the dead Mermaid, pronounced them accursed and had them buried in an unmarked grave in the corner of a field, and refused to bless the water as was his intent to do. Three years later, the Priest went to the flower-covered altar, prepared to give a sermon on God's vengeful wrath, but, for reasons he could not explain, he could not do so and instead spoke of God's love. Asking the deacons where the flowers came from, they told him they came from the corner of the field. The next day, the Priest blessed the water, but the flowers never grew again and the mermen moved to a different bay.

The Star-Child

Dedicated to Miss Margo Tennant (Mrs. Asquith)

"The Star-Child" is the story of an infant boy found abandoned in the woods by a poor woodcutter, who pities him and takes him in. He grows up to be exceedingly beautiful, but vain, cruel, and arrogant, believing himself to be the divine child of the stars. He lords himself over the other children, who follow him devotedly, and takes pleasure in torturing the forest animals and town beggars alike.

One day, a beggar, haggard and with bleeding feet, comes to town in search of her lost son, who the Star-Child is revealed to be. However, he rejects her and sends her away, and in doing so, is transformed into a loathsome cross between a toad and a snake. His followers abandon him, and he sets off to seek forgiveness from his mother.

At length, he comes to a city, where he is captured and sold into slavery. His master treats him cruelly. On his first task, he sends him to find a piece of white gold hidden in the forest. The Star-Child searches all day, but cannot find it. On returning to the city, he sees a rabbit caught in a trap and stops to free him. In gratitude, the rabbit shows him where the gold is and the Star-Child gets it. However, returning with the gold, a beggar calls to him that he will surely starve unless he can give him money for food. The Star-Child gives him the gold, and his master beats him and gives him neither food nor water that night.

For the second task, he is told to go find a piece of yellow gold hidden in the forest. Again, the rabbit shows him where it is, and again, the beggar meets him at the gate, and again, the Star-Child gives him the gold. His master beats him and chains him up.

For the final task, his master tells him that unless he finds the hidden piece of red gold, he will kill him. The rabbit shows him where the gold is hidden, and he returns to the city with it. Along the way, he again meets the beggar and gives him the gold, deciding it means more to him that it does to himself.

Upon entering the city, everyone await him to crown him the new king, and he discovers the city's present rulers to be his mother, the beggar woman, and his father, the beggar he had given the gold to. At that point also, he is transformed to his former beautiful self. At the story's end, we are told of his kind, loving, and charitable reign, but that it only lasted for three years, and the king that followed him was cruel and evil.


External links

* [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/873 "A House of Pomegranates" at Project Gutenberg]
* [http://wilde.artpassions.net "A House of Pomegranates" with original illustrations by Jessie M. King]

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