3 Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald


Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald

Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (OldStyleDate|26 December|1803|14 December at the Jõepere Manor in Kadrina, Virumaa — OldStyleDate|25 August|1882|13 August in Tartu) was an Estonian writer and physician who is considered to be the father of Estonia's national literature.

Life

Friedrich's parents were serfs. His father worked as a shoemaker. After the liberation of 1815, the family was able to send their son to school at the Rakvere district school. In 1820, he graduated from secondary school in Tallinn and worked as an elementary school teacher. In 1833, Kreutzwald graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Tartu and he married Marie Elisabeth Saedler on August 18 of the same year. From 1833 to 1877, he worked as the town physician in Võru, Estonia. He was the member of numerous scientific societies in Europe and received honorary doctorates from many universities.

Writings

Kreutzwald is the author of several moralistic folk books, most of them translated into German: "Plague of Wine" 1840, "The World and Some Things One can Find in It" 1848–49, "Reynard the Fox" 1850, "Wise Men of Gotham" 1857. In addition to these works, he wrote many national epics based on traditional Estonian folklore, "The Kalevipoeg" ('Kalev's Son') published "The Old Estonian Fairy-Tales" (1866), collections of verses and poem "Lembitu", (1885), published after his death.

Kreutzwald is considered to be the author of the first original Estonian book. He was one of the leaders of the National Awakening in Estonia, as well as a paragon and encourager of younger generations of Estonian-speaking intellectuals.


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  • Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald — Friedrich Kreutzwald (von Johann Köler). Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (* 14. Dezemberjul./ 26. Dezember 1803greg. in Jõepere (Jömper) in der Gemeinde Kadrina (Sankt Katharinen), Lääne Viru (W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald — (né le 26 décembre 1803[1] à Kadrina décédé le 25 août 1882 à Tartu) était un écrivain et un médecin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald — leyendo el Kalevipoeg, pintado por Johann Köler. Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (Jömper/Jõepere cerca de Sankt Katharinen/Kadrina, condado de Virumaa/Wierland, 26 de diciembre de 1803 Tartu, 25 de agosto de 1882) escritor y médico estonio autor… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald — (Jömper/Jõepere cerca de Sankt Katharinen/Kadrina, condado de Virumaa/Wierland, 26 de diciembre de 1803 Tartu, 25 de agosto de 1882) escritor y médico estonio autor del poema épico Kalevipoeg (El hijo de Kalev), primer libro en lengua estonia. De …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Friedrich Robert Fählmann — Friedrich Robert Faehlmann (1838) Friedrich Robert Faehlmann (* 20. Dezember 1798 auf dem Landgut Hagewied in Estland; † 21. September 1850 in Dorpat, Estland) war ein estnischer Philologe, Arzt und Mitbegründer der 1838 eingerichteten Gelehrten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Robert Faehlmann — (1838) Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, né le 31 décembre 1798 dans le district de Järva (Aujourd hui Rakke district de Lääne Viru) et décédé le 22 avril 1850 à Tartu, Estland) est un philologue estonien, médecin et cofondateur de la Société Savante… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Friedrich Robert Faehlmann — (Fählmann) (December 20, 1798 mdash;April 22 (April 10 (O.S.)) [At these times Estonia was part of the Russian Empire, which used the Old Style of the calendar, and this version of the date may be found in old documents] , 1850) was an Estonian… …   Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Robert Faehlmann — Eduard Hau: Bildnis von Friedrich Robert Faehlmann (1838) Friedrich Robert Faehlmann (* 20. Dezemberjul./ 31. Dezember 1798greg.[1] auf dem Landgut Hackeweid (estnisch Ao), Gemeinde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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