Skewbald

: "For the band of the same name see Skewbald (band)"Skewbald is a color pattern of horse. A skewbald horse has a coat made up of chestnut (or any color besides black) and white patches, on top of either pink or dark skin. Other than colour, it is similar in appearance to the piebald pattern. Some animals also exhibit colouration of the irises of the eye that match the surrounding skin (blue eyes for white skin, brown for dark). The underlying genetic cause is related to a condition known as leucism.

In British English usage, skewbald and piebald (black and white) are together known as "coloured". In North American English, the term for all large spotted colouring is pinto, with the specialized term "paint" referring specifically to a breed of horse with American Quarter Horse or Thoroughbred bloodlines in addition to being spotted, whereas "pinto" refers to a spotted horse of any breed. Americans usually describe the colour shade of a pinto literally: black and white, chestnut (or sorrel and white, or bay and white.)

Skewbald horses which are bay and white (bay is a reddish-brown colour with black mane and tail) are sometimes called tricoloured.

Genetically, a skewbald horse begins with a chestnut base coat colour (called "red" by geneticists), or some other set of colour genes other than black. Then the horse has an allele for one of three basic spotting patterns overlaying the base colour. The most common coloured spotting pattern is called tobiano, and is a dominant gene. Tobiano creates spots that are large and rounded, usually with a somewhat vertical orientation, with white that usually crosses the back of the horse, white on the legs, with the head mostly dark. Two less common spotting genes are the overo gene, that creates a mostly dark, jagged spotting with a horizontal orientation, white on the head, but dark or minimally marked legs. The sabino pattern can be very minimal, usually adding white that runs up the legs onto the belly or flanks, with "lacy" or roaning at the edge of the white, plus white on the head that either extendings past the eye, over the chin, or both. The genetics of overo and sabino are not yet fully understood, but they have recessive characteristics and can appear in the offspring of two solid-coloured parents, whereas a tobiano must always have at least one tobiano parent.

References


* [http://www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/services/coatcolor.php "Introduction to Coat Color Genetics"] "from" Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis. Web Site accessed January 12, 2008

ee also

*Equine coat color genetics
*Pinto horse
*American Paint Horse
*Piebald
*Tricoloured (horse)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • skewbald — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ (of a horse) with irregular patches of white and another colour (properly not black). ► NOUN ▪ a skewbald horse. ORIGIN from obsolete skewed «skewbald», on the pattern of piebald …   English terms dictionary

  • skewbald — horse with brown and white patches, 1650s, from skued skewbald (mid 15c.), of unknown origin, + bald having white patches (see BALD (Cf. bald)). First element apparently unconnected with SKEW (Cf. skew) (v.); OED suggests perhaps from O.Fr. escu… …   Etymology dictionary

  • skewbald — [skyo͞o′bôld΄] adj. [< ME skewed, piebald + BALD] having large patches of white and brown or any other color except black n. a skewbald horse …   English World dictionary

  • Skewbald — Skew bald , a. Marked with spots and patches of white and some color other than black; usually distinguished from piebald, in which the colors are properly white and black. Said of horses. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • skewbald — *variegated, parti colored, motley, checkered, checked, pied, piebald, dappled, freaked …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • skewbald — I. adjective Etymology: skewed (skewbald) + bald Date: 1654 of an animal marked with patches of white and any other color but black II. noun Date: 1863 a skewbald horse …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • skewbald — [17] Skewbald, which denotes a horse with brown and white patches, is a compound formed (on the model of piebald) from an earlier skued ‘skewbald’ and bald (in the ancestral sense ‘having white patches on the coat’). It is not clear where skued… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • skewbald — adjective (of a horse) having irregular patches of white and another colour (properly not black). noun a skewbald horse. Origin C17: from obs. skewed skewbald (of uncertain origin ), on the pattern of piebald …   English new terms dictionary

  • skewbald — /ˈskjubɔld/ (say skyoohbawld) adjective 1. (of horses, etc.) having patches of different colours, especially of white and brown. –noun 2. a skewbald horse or pony. Compare piebald. {compare obsolete skewed skewbald; origin uncertain} …   Australian English dictionary

  • skewbald — piebald, skewbald A piebald horse or other animal is one having irregular patches of two colours, especially black and white. A skewbald animal has irregular patches of white and another colour (other than black) …   Modern English usage


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