call_letters = KQED
station_branding = KQED
analog = 9 (VHF)
digital = 30 (UHF)
other_chs = KQET ch.25 analog / ch.58 digital, Watsonville/Monterey/
subchannels = 9.1 HD 9.2
KTEH9.3 PBS World
affiliations = PBS
airdate = 1954
San Francisco, California
callsign_meaning = Quod Erat Demonstrandum
owner = Northern California Public Broadcasting, Inc.
former_affiliations = NET (1954-1970)
effective_radiated_power = 316 kW (analog)
777 kW (digital)
HAAT = 509 m (analog)
437 m (digital)
facility_id = 35500
coordinates = coord|37|45|18.8|N|122|27|10.4|W|type:landmark_scale:2000|name=KQED
homepage = [http://www.kqed.org/ www.kqed.org]
KQED is a
PBS-member station in San Francisco, California, broadcasting on VHF channel 9. This channel is also carried on Comcastcable TV and via satellite by DirecTVand Dish Network. Its transmitteris located on Sutro Towerin San Francisco.
KQED Public Television 9 is one of the nation's most-watched public television stations during primetime [ [http://www.kqed.org/about/ About KQED] ] .
Noteworthy KQED television productions include the first installment of
Armistead Maupin's miniseries " Tales of the City", " Tongues Untiedby Marlon Riggs", and a series of programs focusing on the historic neighborhoods in San Francisco, such as The Castroand The Fillmore District. Ongoing productions include "The Josh Kornbluth Show", " California Connected", "Check, Please! Bay Area", "Spark", "This Week in Northern California" and "QUEST" [ [http://www.kqed.org/quest/about More information - KQED QUEST ] ] .
KQED was organized and created by veteran broadcast journalists James Day and
Jonathan Rice June 1, 1953and first went on air April 5, 1954. It was the sixth public broadcastingstation in the United States, debuting shortly after WQED in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The station's call letters, " Q.E.D.", literally translated from the Latinphrase, "quod erat demonstrandum", meaning "which was to be demonstrated."
In its early days following sign-on, KQED broadcast only twice a week for one hour each day. Despite the very limited schedule, the station was still losing money, leading to a decision in early 1955 from its board of trustees to close down the station. Its staff got the board to keep the station on the air and try to get needed funds from the public in a form of a televised
auction, in which celebrities would appear to auction off goods and services donated to the station. While the station still came a little short, it did show that the general public cared to keep KQED on the air. Since then, the auction became a fund-raising tool for many public television stations, though its usage waned in recent years in favor of increased usage of special pledge drives throughout the year. [ "Tube of Plenty: The Evolution of American Television", by Erik Barnouw; Oxford University Press, 1982]
KQED Television had a
sister station, KQEC, which broadcast on Channel 32. KQED had inherited the station in 1970 (as KNEW-TV) from Metromedia, but found they could not operate it without losing money. Various PBS and locally produced programs from KQED would air erratically and at different times of the day on KQEC. In 1988, the Federal Communications Commission(FCC) revoked KQED's license to operate KQEC, citing excessive off-air time, further charging dishonesty in previous filings with regard to the specific reasons. The alleged dishonesty was in reference to KQED's claim of financial woes for keeping KQEC off the air for most of 1972 through 1977, and again for several months in 1979 and 1980. After being revoked from KQED, the reassigned license was granted to the Minority Television Project(MTP), one of the challengers of the KQED/KQEC filing. [cite news
url = http://www.current.org/ptv/ptv888kqed.shtml
title = FCC revokes license for San Francisco public TV station KQEC
publisher = Current.org
author = Alex Friend
11 May 1988
accessdate = 2007-01-17 ] The KQEC call letters were changed to
KMTP-TVunder the new license.
May 1, 2006, KQED, Inc. and the KTEHFoundation merged to form Northern California Public Broadcasting. [cite press release
url = http://www.kqed.org/press/newsevents/47.jsp
title = KQED, Inc. and KTEH Foundation Form New Broadcast Organization
publisher = KQED Pressroom
2 May 2006
accessdate = 2007-01-17 ] The KQED assets including its television (KQED TV) and FM radio stations (KQED-FM) were taken under the umbrella of that new organization. Both remain members of Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) and National Public Radio (NPR), respectively.
During the early 1990s, when the State of
Californiareinstituted the death penalty, the KQED organization waged a highly controversial legal battle for the right to televise the forthcoming execution of Robert Alton Harrisat San QuentinState Prison. [cite web
url = http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/getting-the-story/witness-to-an-execution/
title = Witness to an execution
publisher = Indiana University School of Journalism
author = Michael Schwarz
accessdate = 2007-01-17 ] The decision to pursue the videotaping of executions was controversial amongst those on both sides of the
capital punishmentdebate; [cite news
url = http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,973102,00.html
title = The Ultimate Horror Show
publisher = TIME Magazine
author = Jill Smolowe
3 June 1991
accessdate = 2007-01-17 ] contemporary reports noted that a number of KQED's members (primarily
familiesthroughout the Bay Area) dropped their financial support for the station, intending for their charitable contributionsto KQED to support programs such as Sesame Streetrather than legal fees.Fact|date=February 2007
"Tales of the City"
KQED was co-producer of the television adaptation of
Armistead Maupin's novel, " Tales of the City", which aired on PBS stations nationwide in January 1994. The six-part miniseries stirred controversy over the gay themes, nudity and illicit drug use in this fictional portrayal of life in 1970s San Francisco. The controversy led to calls from the public to cancel the series, a bomb threat at WTCIin Chattanooga, Tennessee, which forced that station to pull the program an hour before airtime, and threats from state and federal governments to cut funding for the network and its stations. Although the program gave PBS its highest ratings ever for a dramatic program, the network decided to forgo participation in the production of an adaptation of the second book in the series, "More Tales of the City".
KQED-DT is an
ATSC digital televisionsignal broadcast over channel 30 from Sutro Tower available over-the-air with a digital tuner, or through digital cableservice from Comcast.cite web
url = http://www.comcast.com/customers/clu/channelLineup.ashx
title = Comcast San Francisco Channel Lineup
publisher = Comcast
accessdate = 2007-01-17 ] With either, there is an offering of three sub-channels:
KQET was founded in 1989 as KCAH, a locally-owned PBS member station that served the Monterey area.
In the late 1990s, San Jose PBS member station
KTEHacquired KCAH, making it a satellite of KTEH.
KCAH changed its call letters to KQET on
August 12, 2007, months after the merger of KQED and KTEH. On October 1, 2007, KQET switched programming sources from KTEH to KQED. [cite web|year= 2006 |url= http://www.kteh.org/tv/kqetschedule.pdf |title= KQET Fall 2007 Schedule | accessdate = 2007-10-16]
In 1955, KQED began publishing a programming guide called "KQED in Focus". The program guide began to add more articles and took on the character of a regular
magazine. The name was later changed to "Focus Magazine" and then to "San Francisco Focus". [ [http://www.kqed.org/about/history/1950s.jsp "About KQED: The 1950s"] , "KQED.com".] In 1984, a new programming guide, "Fine Tuning" was separated off from "Focus", with "Focus" carrying on as a self-contained magazine. [ [http://www.kqed.org/about/history/1980s.jsp "About KQED: The 1980s"] , "KQED.com".] In the early 1990s, "San Francisco Focus" was the recipient of number of journalism and publishing awards, including a National Headliner Awardfor feature writing in 1993. In 1997, KQED sold "San Francisco Focus" to Diablo Publications in order to pay off debts. [ [http://www.kqed.org/about/history/1990s.jsp "About KQED: The 1990s"] , "KQED.com".] In 2005, "San Francisco Focus" was resold to Modern Luxury Media, who rebranded the magazine as simply "San Francisco". [ [http://www.sanfran.com/files/pressroom/ModernLuxury_release1.pdf "San Francisco" magazine re-launches in a new format that redefines city and luxury magazine publishing"] (press release), Modern Luxury Media, October 18, 2005.]
* KQED [http://www.kqed.org/ Official website]
* California Connected [http://www.californiaconnected.org Official website]
* This Week in Northern California [http://thisweek.kqed.org Official website]
* [http://www.tvfool.com/?option=com_wrapper&Itemid=80&q=call%3dKQED%26type%3dA KQED-TV (analog) coverage map]
* [http://www.tvfool.com/?option=com_wrapper&Itemid=80&q=call%3dKQED%26type%3dD KQED-DT (digital) coverage map]
* [http://www.kqed.org/epArchive/R610131000 Forum discusses proposed changes to KQED's bylaws, which would eliminate members' voting rights.]
* [http://www.kqed.org/about/newsevents/bylaws-vote-results.jsp Results of Member Elections include the elimination of their voting rights]
* [http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2006/11/10/18328603.php KQED Workers Authorize Strike]
* [http://radiotime.com/station/s_34804/KQED-FM_88.5.aspx Programming information]
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