State Route 1002 (Lehigh County, Pennsylvania)

Infobox road
alternate_name=Main Street; Tilghman Street; Union Boulevard

length_ref=cite web|url=|title=Driving Directions from Main St & Church St, Fogelsville, PA to W Union Blvd & Pa-378, Bethlehem, PA|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=MapQuest]
established=1987cite web|url=|title=Location Referencing System (LRS) - Definitions, Uses & Testing (pp. 6-8)|work=PennDOT|accessdate=2007-04-26]
starting_terminus=SR 3014 (Church Street) in Fogelsvillecite web|url=|title=PENNDOT VideoLog|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT]

State Route 1002 (SR 1002), locally known as Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard, is a major convert|13.7|mi|km|1|sp=us|lk=on|abbr=on long east-west road in the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton metropolitan area of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The majority of the roadway is the former alignment of U.S. Route 22, maintained by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation as a Quadrant Route, and is not signed except on small white segment markers.

Tilghman Street begins at Pennsylvania Route 100 in Fogelsville, though SR 1002 continues west on Main Street (also old US 22) to the intersection of Church Street (SR 3014). It becomes Union Boulevard just east of the bridge over the Lehigh River in Allentown; SR 1002 ends at the interchange with Pennsylvania Route 378 in Bethlehem. Union Boulevard continues over Monocacy Creek, which forms the border between Lehigh and Northampton Counties, and ends in downtown Bethlehem.

The highway attracts more than the average traffic for roads in the Lehigh Valley. [cite web|url= |title=Traffic Count for the major roads of Lehigh County|accessdate=2007-05-07|format=PDT|work=PennDOT] An average of 21,018 vehicles use it in South Whitehall Township and 21,706 in Allentown each day. [cite web|url=|title=Interactive Traffic Volume Map|work=PennDOT|accessdate=2007-05-12]


When the state began taking over state highways through the Sproul Road Bill, signed May 31, 1911,cite web|url=|title=Department of Highways|work=Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission|accessdate=2007-04-24] this system did not include the direct Allentown-Harrisburg route that Interstate 78 and the parallel Tilghman Street now form part of. The main route to Harrisburg, which would soon become the William Penn Highway, left Allentown further south, on Hamilton Boulevard (now Pennsylvania Route 222 and U.S. Route 222); the portion near Allentown was Legislative Route 157 (LR 157). Another route west from Allentown (LR 163, later U.S. Route 309) ran northwest from Allentown via Walbert Avenue to Schnecksville. Travelers could continue via New Tripoli to Lenhartsville, and then along a route approximating the present I-78 to Harrisburg. From Allentown east to downtown Bethlehem, LR 159 used Hanover Avenue and Broad Street. No state highways existed within the city limits of Allentown. [cite web|url=|title=1915 Lehigh County Map|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-04-24|PennDOT] [cite web|url=|title=Map of Pennsylvania Showing State Highways as Adopted Under the Sproul Road Bill|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT]

The William Penn Highway was organized as an alternative to the Lincoln Highway being parallel to the Pennsylvania Railroad west of Harrisburg. The route's New York Extension, adopted in 1916, passed through Allentown. The state assigned the Pennsylvania Route 3 designation to this road in 1924, and in 1926 it became part of U.S. Route 22.cite web|url=|title=William Penn Highway: US 22 in Pennsylvania|work=Federal Highway Administration|accessdate=2007-04-21] The road west from Allentown, now College Heights Boulevard, Broadway, Tilghman Street, and Main Street, was designated LR 443 in 1925, [Public Law 191, passed April 8, 1925] and soon the entire shortcut between Allentown and Harrisburg was designated Pennsylvania Route 43.Leon A. Dickinson, New York Times, [ Highways Into the Deep South] , February 1, 1931, page 136: "Here one meets and follows U.S. Route 22 through Bethlehem to Allentown; then along Route 43 direct to Harrisburg."] The New York Times was recommending use of this cutoff by early 1931 and the American Association of State Highway Officials officially moved US 22 to PA 43 on June 8, 1931. The Pennsylvania Department of Highways moved the William Penn Highway name to match. Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard (then Union Street) were once local streets in Allentown and Bethlehem, with no bridge over the Lehigh River connecting them.cite web|url=|title=Bird's-eye-view of Allentown, Pennsylvania|author=Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler|date=ca. 1922|work=Library of Congress American Memory Collection] cite web|url=|title=West Bethlehem, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania|author=Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler|date=1894|work=Library of Congress American Memory Collection] Allentown built that bridge in 1929.National Bridge Inventory, a database compiled by the United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, available at [] . Accessed 2007-04-21.] Prior to 1931, there were no state highways in Allentown or a number of other major cities in the state. However, the state did define paths through these cities for the public; in Allentown, US 22 used Hamilton Street, and PA 43 entered on Liberty Street and turned south on 17th Street to reach Hamilton Street.cite web|url=|title=1930 state map, back sde|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT] The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed, on June 22, 1931, a law defining state highways through these cities and changing routes in other cities. LR 443 was defined to use College Heights Boulevard and Tilghman Street to 15th Street, where LR 157 continued along Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard to the Allentown-Bethlehem line. LR 159 was redefined to begin at the same point, continuing on Union Boulevard to Main Street in downtown Bethlehem (and beyond to Easton).Public Law 720, No. 262, passed June 22, 1931] cite web|url=|title=1941 Lehigh County Map|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-04-09|work=PennDOT] The newest part of Tilghman Street includes the bridge over Little Cedar Creek in Trexler Park west of Cedar Crest Boulevard, which dates to 1936, and bypasses the older route via Broadway and College Heights Boulevard. Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard became a major long-distance traffic route, and as of 1999 had eight diners as a reminder of this past importance.cite book |last=Butko |first=Brian A.|coauthors=Kevin Joseph Patrick |title= Diners of Pennsylvania|year= 1999|publisher=Stackpole Books |isbn= 0811728781] LR 443 was moved to the freeway, and the old route became LR Old 443,cite web|url=|title=1960 state map, back sde|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT] cite web|url=|title=1960 Lehigh County Map|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT] later LR 443 Parallel.cite web|url=|title=1974 Lehigh County Map|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT]

The road west of Church Street in Fogelsville, which was also a state highway (LR 39084), was removed from the state highway system in the late 1970s. [Public Law 1242, No.428, passed September 27, 1978] A gap in LR 159 through downtown Bethlehem was created in 1971, at the same time as Washington Avenue and Stefko Boulevard were added to the system as a bypass, with Union Boulevard east of Pennsylvania Route 378 becoming a city street. [Public Law 640, No. 164, passed December 15, 1974] Thus, in 1987, when the new Location Referencing System was adopted, only the portion of Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard between Church Street and PA 378 was assigned a new number—State Route 1002.cite web|url=|title=1985 Lehigh County Map (state route numbers current as of October 1988)|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT]

Route description

Tilghman Street

SR 1002 begins at an intersection with Church and Main Streets (State Route 3014) in Fogelsville. It then proceeds east for three-tenths of a mile (0.5 km) as Main Street to an intersection with Pennsylvania Route 100. Upon crossing SR 100, SR 1002 becomes Tilghman Street. As Tilghman Street approaches the limited-access U.S. Route 22, the road splits into two carriageways in preparation for an interchange with US 22, northeast of where US 22 separates from Interstate 78. Past the interchange with US 22, Tilghman Street returns to an undivided roadway and enters the village of Cetronia.

At an intersection with Werley Road, SR 1002 connects to Interstate 476 (the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike) via a ramp leading to the toll plaza for the nearby I-476/US 22 interchange. SR 1002 continues to the southeast, passing over the Turnpike. After turning to the northeast, Tilghman Street has a cloverleaf interchange with Pennsylvania Route 309. One mile (1.6 km) east of the interchange with PA 309, SR 1002 intersects Cedar Crest Boulevard, a local north-south arterial, as it enters Allentown.

In Allentown, Tilghman Street (SR 1002) crosses more than 30 major streets in the city, where traffic lights give cars on Tilghman Street substantially more time to cross. In the more populated part of the city, SR 1002 intersects the 6th and 7th street one-way couplet forming Pennsylvania Route 145. East of 4th Street, the road uses the Tilghman Street Bridge to cross Jordan Creek and American Parkway. After intersecting Front Street, SR 1002 crosses the Lehigh River on the Tilghman Street Viaduct and becomes Union Boulevard. Tilghman Street is still found in east-side Allentown, but it is not connected to SR 1002 in west-side, center city, and upper east-side Allentown.cite web|url=|title=Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton Metropolitan Map|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-04-11|work=PennDOT]

Union Boulevard

East of the Tilghman Street Viaduct, SR 1002 traverses numerous streets in the eastern section of Allentown. After the intersection with Fenwick Street, SR 1002 has a solid west-east routing. East of the Irving Street intersection, SR 1002 intersects Airport Road, the main road to Lehigh Valley International Airport. Briefly east of Airport Road, Union Boulevard traverses the other streets of east Allentown. SR 1002 enters the city of Bethlehem from the west as West Union Boulevard.

Approximately 1,500 feet east of the Allentown-Bethlehem boundary, Eaton Avenue is concurrent with SR 1002 for one-tenth of a mile. The route turns to the south near the junction with Pennsylvania Avenue before taking an increasingly eastern alignment. Third Avenue provides access to and from PA 378 south. SR 1002 terminates at an interchange with Pennsylvania Route 378. The highway only has access to PA 378 north. The designation continues as W. Union Boulevard upon entering the eastern sections of Bethlehem in Northampton County.cite web|url=|title=2004 Lehigh County Map|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-04-24|work=PennDOT] [cite web|url=|title=Traffic map for Northampton County|work=PennDOT|accessdate=2007-05-03]

Major intersections

road=SR 3014
street=Church Street
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Map of Fogelsville, PA|accessdate=2007-04-29]
notes=Former routing of US 309. Main Street becomes Tilghman Street east of PA 100.
road=cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Map of US 22 and SR 1002 interchange|accessdate=2007-04-29]
notes=Partial interchange with access in only the same direction.
Former routing of I-78 and US 309.
location=South Whitehall Township
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=I-476/PA Turnpike and SR 1002 interchange Map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
street=Pennsylvania Turnpike
notes=Entrance ramp to I-476/PA Turnpike. No access to SR 1002 from I-476.
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Map of PA 309 and SR 1002 interchange|accessdate=2007-04-29]
notes=Cloverleaf interchange.
Former routing of US 222, US 309, and PA 29.
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Cedar Crest Boulevard Map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
street=Cedar Crest Boulevard
notes=Former routing of PA 229.
road=cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Map of Tilghman and 19th Streets|accessdate=2007-04-29]
street=19th Street
notes=Former routing of US 309 and PA 29.
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Tilghman and 15th Streets Map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
street=15th Street
notes=Former routing of US 222.
street=12th Street
notes=Former routing of US 309 Bypass.
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=PA 145 and SR 1002 map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
notes=Former routing of US 309, PA 29, and PA 329.
road=Tilghman Street Viaduct over the Lehigh River
notes=Tilghman Street becomes Union Boulevard at the east end of the bridge. [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Tilghman Street Viaduct Map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
road= [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=Union Boulevard and Airport Road Map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
street=Airport Road
notes=Former routing of PA 987.
Access to LVI Airport and PA 987.
road= south [cite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=8th Avenue and SR 1002 Map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
street=3rd Avenue
notes=Provides access to and from PA 378 south. Former routing of PA 191 south.cite web|url=|title=1970 state map, back side|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-05-03|work=PennDOT]
road= northcite map|publisher=MapQuest|url=|title=The eastern terminus of SR 1002 map|accessdate=2007-04-29]
notes=Interchange. Single ramp to PA 378 north.
Traffic from PA 378 north exits at Main Street (former routing of PA 191 north) in downtown Bethlehem.


External links

*cite web|url=|title=Maps of Allentown|work= [ Official website of Allentown] |accessdate=2007-04-23
*cite web|url=|title=1987 Local Referencing System|format=PDF|work=Pennsylvania|accessdate=2007-05-12

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pennsylvania Route 145 — PA Route 145 Route information Maintained by Pe …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania Route 309 — PA 22 redirects here. PA 22 may also refer to Pennsylvania s 22nd congressional district. PA Route 309 Major highways in eastern Pennsylvania with PA 309 in red …   Wikipedia

  • Cetronia, Pennsylvania — Cetronia is an unincorporated community in South Whitehall Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States, near the city of Allentown. State Route 1002 (Tilghman Street), Pennsylvania Route 309, and Cedar Crest Boulevard run through… …   Wikipedia

  • U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania — This article is about the section of U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 22. U.S. Route 22 …   Wikipedia

  • February 2007 North America blizzard — Valentine s Day Storm of 2007 Snow cover in Monkton, Vermont Storm type: Winter storm, Blizzard, Freezing Rain, Severe Weather Formed: February 12, 2007 Dissipated …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.