National Cancer Research Institute
The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a partnership between the government, charity and industry in the United Kingdom that takes a strategic planning role in co-ordinating cancer research. Rather than replace or duplicate any of the functions of its 21 member associations and agencies, it seeks to add value through joint planning, coordination and initiating projects for the benefit of cancer research and, ultimately, cancer patients.
In May 1997, the UK Prime Minister held a Downing Street Cancer Summit which led to the formation of the Cancer Research Funders Forum, bringing together the main government and charitable agencies that fund cancer research in the UK for the first time.
Ian Gibson MP, a former cancer researcher from the University of East Anglia, called for the creation of a UK National Cancer Institute in November 1998, modelled on the National Cancer Institute in the USA. He used his influence as a member of the British House of Commons Science and Technology Committee to promote the idea and, in early 2000 the committee held an enquiry into the funding of cancer research in the UK which reported in July 2000, recommending "the creation of a new National Cancer Research Institute to set national research priorities and to co-ordinate and fund cancer research in the UK."
Soon afterwards, in September 2000, the Department of Health published their first NHS Cancer Plan which announced that the Department would work with the Cancer Research Funders Forum to create a National Cancer Research Institute which would take a more proactive role in the strategic co-ordination of cancer research.
The NCRI was formally launched on 1 April 2001.
Current activities of the NCRI include:
- maintaining a database of cancer research in the UK, which forms part of the International Cancer Research Portfolio (a database of publicly-funded US and UK cancer research). The database is updated annually and analyses of the UK data are published every few years.
- organising the annual NCRI Cancer Conference, now established as the largest cancer research conference in the UK.
- developing a plan to network UK cancer registries and to encourage epidemiological research.
- setting up an initiative to revitalise UK radiotherapy research by networking and supporting individuals and groups, developing infrastructure and an integrated strategy.
- a strategic role in the development and oversight of the National Cancer Research Network to provide the infrastructure necessary to improve the speed, quality and integration of clinical trials in the UK.
The NCRI has also been responsible for:
- setting up a network of experimental cancer medicine centres to ensure that discoveries in basic science are translated into potential new cancer treatments as rapidly as possible.
- publishing reports on several key areas of cancer research, including prostate cancer, lung cancer, radiotherapy, palliative care and prevention, many of which have led onto the establishment of specific initiatives to fund aspects of research in these fields where a strategic gap was identified.
- establishing the NCRI Informatics Initiative, to develop a national bioinformatics platform and common set of tools for data handling, analysis and storage.
- establishing the National Cancer Intelligence Network
- Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry
- Association for International Cancer Research
- Breakthrough Breast Cancer
- Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
- Breast Cancer Campaign
- Cancer Research UK
- Chief Scientist Office (Scotland)
- Children With Leukaemia (United Kingdom)
- Department of Health
- Economic and Social Research Council
- Leukaemia Research Fund
- Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research
- Macmillan Cancer Support
- Marie Curie Cancer Care
- Medical Research Council
- Research and Development Office (Northern Ireland)
- Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation
- Wales Office of Research and Development
- Wellcome Trust
- Yorkshire Cancer Research
- Waxman and Gibson - Britain needs a national cancer institute, British Medical Journal 1998 317: 1397
- Department of Health website: Research Priority Areas - Cancer (http://www.dh.gov.uk/PolicyAndGuidance/ResearchAndDevelopment/ResearchPriorityAreas/ResearchPriorityAreasArticle/fs/en?CONTENT_ID=4032197&chk=pfB%2Bi6) accessed 27 Oct 2006.
- NCRI web site (http://www.ncri.org.uk) accessed 27 Oct 2006
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