Metallic Metals Act
The Metallic Metals Act is a non-existent piece of proposed legislation that featured prominently in an experiment conducted in 1947 by Sam Gill.
According to an article in Tide magazine (14 March 1947), Gill asked a number of persons the following question:
Which of the following statements most closely coincides with your opinion of the Metallic Metals Act?
- It would be a good move on the part of the US.
- It would be a good thing, but should be left to the individual states
- It’s all right for foreign countries, but should not be required here.
- It is of no value at all
Of those asked, 70% expressed an opinion despite the fact that no such act existed and, therefore, the respondents could have no actual knowledge. The responses (for those 70%) were:
- It would be a good move on the part of the US. (21.4%)
- It would be a good thing, but should be left to the individual states (58.6%)
- It’s all right for foreign countries, but should not be required here. (15.7%)
- It is of no value at all (4.3%)
This study may be criticized on a number of points. Reportedly theTide article does not disclose the study's sample size nor the method by which participants were selected.. The study is cited as an example of bias induced by forced choice. The study, and the Act, are nonetheless referred to in textbooks and other works, some of whom are listed in the references below.
An element of hoaxing is common in psychological studies, but questions about the methodology of Gill's study and its publication in a nonscientific venue give rise to the possibility that not only the Act, but the study itself, may[weasel words] have had an element of hoax, however harmless[clarification needed]. The truth may be difficult to ascertain.
- ^ The Psychology of Judgment and Decision Making by Scott Plous, ISBN 0-07-050477-6, p. 55
- ^ Tainted Truth: The Manipulation of Fact In America, by Cynthia Crossnen, ISBN 0-684-81556-7, p. 24
- ^ Questions and Answers in Attitude Surveys by Howard Schuman and Stanley Presser, ISBN 0-7619-0359-3, page 147
- ^ Friedman, Hershey H. and Amoo, Taiwo (Winter, 1999). "Rating the Rating Scales". Journal of Marketing Management. http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/economic/friedman/rateratingscales.htm. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
metallic bond — Chem. the type of chemical bond between atoms in a metallic element, formed by the valence electrons moving freely through the metal lattice. * * * ▪ chemistry force that holds atoms together in a metallic substance (metal). Such a solid… … Universalium
Metallic dragon (Dungeons & Dragons) — The following is a list of the metallic dragons, fictional creatures from the role playing game Dungeons Dragons. In this setting metallic dragons are of good alignment . Bahamut is the deity of good dragons. Metallic dragons have played a… … Wikipedia
Bi-metallic strip — A bi metallic strip is used to convert a temperature change into mechanical displacement. The strip consists of two strips of different metals which expand at different rates as they are heated, usually steel and copper. The strips are joined… … Wikipedia
Bland-Allison Act — The Bland Allison Act was a 1878 law passed over the veto of President Rutherford B. Hayes requiring the U.S. treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars. The goal was to subsidize the silver industry… … Wikipedia
List of hoaxes — The following are lists of hoaxes: Proven hoaxes These are some claims that have been revealed to be deliberate public hoaxes. This list does not include hoax articles published on or around April 1, a long list of which can be found in the April … Wikipedia
chemical bonding — ▪ chemistry Introduction any of the interactions that account for the association of atoms into molecules, ions, crystals, and other stable species that make up the familiar substances of the everyday world. When atoms approach one another … Universalium
Carbon nanotube — Not to be confused with Carbon fiber. Part of a series of articles on Nanomaterials Fullerenes … Wikipedia
metallurgy — metallurgic, metallurgical, adj. metallurgically, adv. metallurgist /met l err jist/ or, esp. Brit., /meuh tal euhr jist/, n. /met l err jee/ or, esp. Brit., /meuh tal euhr jee/, n. 1. the technique or science of working or heating metals so as… … Universalium
crystal — crystallike, adj. /kris tl/, n., adj., v., crystaled, crystaling or (esp. Brit.) crystalled, crystalling. n. 1. a clear, transparent mineral or glass resembling ice. 2. the transparent form of crystallized quartz. 3. Chem., Mineral. a solid body… … Universalium
Crystal — /kris tl/, n. 1. a city in SE Minnesota, near Minneapolis. 25,543. 2. a female given name. * * * I Any solid material whose atoms are arranged in a definite pattern and whose surface regularity reflects its internal symmetry. Each of a crystal s… … Universalium