Main Western railway line, New South Wales
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)Legend 0 Central, Sydney Main Suburban Line Main South Line to Albury Harris Park 23 Parramatta Parramatta Park Westmead Rogans Hill line Wentworthville Pendle Hill Toongabbie quarry branch Toongabbie Seven Hills 35 Blacktown Richmond Line to Richmond Doonside Rooty Hill Mount Druitt St Marys Ropes Creek Line (now sidings) Werrington Kingswood 55 Penrith Log Cabin Nepean River Emu Plains Lapstone Hill Junction Lapstone Bottom Points Lucasville Breakfast Point Old Glenbrook Tunnel Glenbrook (1st site - closed) Lapstone Glenbrook Tunnel Glenbrook Blaxland Junction Blaxland Warrimoo Valley Heights Springwood Numantia Faulconbridge Linden Woodford Hazelbrook Lawson Bullaburra Wentworth Falls Leura 110 Katoomba Medlow Bath Blackheath Mount Victoria Hartley Vale Bell Dargans Deviation Junction Newnes Junction (2nd) Newnes Junction (1st) Newnes railway line Clarence (1st) - part of ZZR Clarence (2nd) - closed Clarence Tunnel Ten Tunnels (x 10) Top Points (ZZR) Zig Zag Tunnel Bottom Points (ZZR) Zig Zag Mileage 92.1 Junction Eskbank 156 Lithgow Cooerwell Bowenfels Marrangaroo Marrangaroo Commonwealth siding Marrangaroo Deviation Marrangaroo Tunnel (1st) - closed Marrangarroo Tunnel Mudgee Road Tunnel - closed Coxs River Junction to Wallerawang Colliery Wallerawang Gwabegar Line to Kandos Diwana Rydal Sodwalls Tarana Oberon Branch to Oberon Arrangull Locksley Wambool Brewongle Raglan Kelso Macquarie River 240 Bathurst Perthville Georges Plains Wimbledon Gresham Newbridge Athol Blayney Blayney-Demondrille Line Millthorpe Spring Hill Cadia Mine branch, closed Huntley Bloomfield Broken Hill Line to Broken Hill 323 Orange Cullya Clergate Mullion Creek Kerrs Creek Warnecliffe Euchareena Stuart Town Mumbil Dripstone 410 Wellington Macquarie River Maryvale Geurie Wongarbon Eulomogo Dubbo-Molong line to Molong 462 Dubbo Macquarie River Coonamble line to Molong Minore Narromine Parkes - Narromine line to Parkes Trangie Nevertire Warren Branch to Warren Mullengudgery Miowera Nyngan Bogan River Cobar Branch to Cobar Summervale Girilambone Coolabah Byrock Brewarrina Branch to Brewarrina 825 Bourke
Description of route
The Main Western Railway Line is a westwards continuation of what is known as the Main Suburban Line between Sydney Central station and Parramatta. The line is six electrified railway tracks between Central and Strathfield, where the Main Northern line branches off. The line is then four tracks as it passes through Lidcombe, where the Main Southern Line branches off, and then through the Sydney suburbs of Parramatta and Blacktown, where the Richmond railway line branches off. At St Marys, the line becomes two tracks as it passes through Penrith and Emu Plains, the extent of Sydney suburban passenger train operation. From Emu Plains, the line traverses the Blue Mountains passing through the townships of Katoomba and Mount Victoria before descending down the western side of the Blue Mountains through ten tunnels to the town of Lithgow. Lithgow is the extent of electric passenger train services, although the electric wires extend to the town of Bowenfels west of Lithgow. The line then proceeds through Wallerawang, where the line becomes single track, and then passes through Tarana, Bathurst, Blayney, Orange (where the Broken Hill line branches), Wellington, Dubbo, Narromine, Nevertire, Nyngan, Byrock and Bourke. The section between Nyngan and Bourke is now closed. A daily passenger train service operates as far as Dubbo.
The Sydney Railway Company, a private company established to serve the interests of the port of Sydney, announced proposals to build a railway line to Bathurst in 1848. The company was taken over by the New South Wales government in 1854, and in 1855 the first railway in the state was opened between Sydney and the present-day Granville (see Rail transport in New South Wales). This railway was extended from Granville to the current Parramatta station and Blacktown in 1860 and Penrith in 1863.
The railway then crossed the Blue Mountains between 1867 and 1869. The Blue Mountains were a significant geographical barrier to the development of western New South Wales, and the crossing required significant feats of engineering for the railways, including two 'Zig Zags': one for the ascent at Lapstone, and another for the western descent. The first "little" zigzag line opened near Glenbrook in 1867 as part of the ascent of Lapstone Hill on a gradient of 1 in 30-33. It was built with comparatively light earthwork, although it included a substantial seven-span sandstone viaduct (the Knapsack Viaduct) built by engineer, John Whitton. By 1910, the line was replaced with a gentler alignment with 1 in 60 (1.67%) grades. The line reached Wentworth Falls in 1867 and Mount Victoria in 1868.
On the western descent form the Blue Mountains, the Lithgow Zig Zag Railway, was constructed between 1866 and 1869. It was laid out in the shape of a 'Z' including reversing points. It involved extremely heavy rock cuttings, three fine stone viaducts with 30-foot (9 m) semi-circular arches and a short tunnel. The Lithgow Zig Zag was replaced in 1910 by a deviation, which included ten tunnels.
By 1877, there was significant political pressure to minimise the diversion of trade from western New South Wales to Victoria and South Australia via river trade along the Darling and Murray Rivers. The town of Bourke had become the key centre for pastoralists in western New South Wales since its formation in 1861. Provision was thus made to extend the line to Dubbo, reaching Wellington in 1880 and Dubbo in 1881. At the time, Dubbo had grown into a town of strategic importance on the stock routes between northern New South Wales and the Victorian goldfields.
Beyond Dubbo, the railway opened up new land to European settlement, and was directly responsible for the development of townships. The line reached the future site of Narromine in 1883, and the railway station was the first building in the future settlement. The line reached the site of Nevertire in 1882, serving the nearby established village of Warren (a branch opened to Warren in 1898). Construction reached the site of Nyngan in 1883, with the nearby coach-stop village of Canonbar moving in its entirely to establish the town of Nyngan. Beyond Nyngan, the line swept across the plains in a straight line for 116 miles (187 km), then the longest stretch of straight railway line in the world. It reached the temporary terminus of Byrock in 1884 before reaching its final destination of Bourke in 1885.
Wool and livestock was the main source of goods traffic on the line throughout its life. In the 1890s, a severe drought caused a significant downturn in traffic, and additional lines to Brewarrina (in 1901) and Walgett (in 1908) reduced its catchment area. The line beyond Dubbo became loss-making in 1901, and continued that way throughout its existence. Tonnages increased following World War 2, but declined from the 1970s. Passenger services beyond Dubbo ended in 1974.
In the 1950s, the inner section of the line over the Blue Mountains was electrified primarily as a means of easing the haulage of coal freight from the western coalfields to the coastal ports, but a by-product of this programme was the introduction of electric interurban passenger services as far west as Bowenfels, later cut back to the current terminus of Lithgow. Since the late 1990s goods trains are now exclusively diesel hauled, with the only electric trains being passenger services using double deck interurban cars.
In the 1990s the operate of interstate freight, the National Rail Corporation, made the decision to divert Sydney- Perth traffic from the Blue Mountains section, to travel via the Main South to Cootamundra, and then via the cross country line to Parkes. This resulted in reduced goods traffic and subsequent reduction of the line between Wallerawang and Tarana from double to single track. Significant flooding saw the line cut between Nyngan and Bourke in 1989, and the army destroyed a section of track north of Nyngan to relieve flood waters surrounding the town. It was not financially viable to repair and maintain the line, and the line was thus abandoned between Nyngan and Bourke.
Many branch lines were built from the Main Western Line, some of which remain operational.
- A branch line ran from Newnes Junction (near Clarence) to Newnes (now in the Wollemi National Park) from 1907 to 1932 to service an oil shale mine. Its tunnels have become home to glow worms since their abandonment.
- The Gwabegar line opened from Wallerawang to Capertee in 1882, Mudgee in 1884, Gulgong in 1909, Craboon, and Dunedoo in 1910, Merrygoen, Binnaway and Coonabarabran in 1917 and Gwabegar in 1923. At one time it was proposed to extend it to Burren Junction to connect with the lines to Walgett and Pokataroo (near Collarenebri). The section north of Coonabarabran has been abandoned.
- The Dubbo to Merrygoen line was opened in 1918, connecting with the Binnaway to Werris Creek line in 1923. These lines completed an inland route from Junee on the Main South line to the Hunter Valley.
- The Broken Hill line, now the mainline between Sydney to Perth, was constructed as a branch from the Main West at Orange between 1885 and 1927.
- The Parkes- Narromine line was opened from Narromine as an overland route to the Broken Hill line at Parkes (and eventually to the Main South line at Junee). It opened to Peak Hill in 1910 and Parkes in 1914.
- The Cobar line was built from Nyngan to Cobar in 1894 and the CSA Mine (12 km northwest of Cobar) in 1963.
Goods traffic continues as far as Nyngan, to and from the Cobar branch which connects at this point. Passenger traffic (one train per day) operates to Dubbo. The section between Sydney and Orange carries the Indian Pacific train to Perth (via the Broken Hill line), and the section to Lithgow carries electric commuter trains to and from Sydney (the Blue Mountains Line).
- Across the Tableland, Bathurst to Orange Singleton, C.C. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June 1940
- Across the Tableland, Orange to Dubbo Singleton, C.C. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, July 1940
- The Western Plains Section, Dubbo to Bourke Singleton, C.C. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, September 1940
- ^ Deviation of the Great Western Railway Line Newland, John R Australian Railway History September, 2006 pp358-363
- ^ McKillop, B. Developing the Inland: The Great Western Railway to Bourke. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. Vol 53, no 779. September 2002.
- ^ Developing the Inland - The Great Western Railway to Bourke MacKillop, Bob Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, September, 2002 pp328-340
- ^ Blue Mountains Electrification - 50 Years Later Miller, Stephen Australian Railway History, January, 2008 pp1-21
- ^ "Single Deck InterUrban cars". SETS. http://www.sets.org.au/fleet/index.php?id=sdic.
- ^ Newsline.Tarana to Wallerawang Resignalling Underway. Railway Digest, April 1994.
- ^ "Main Western Line". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:main_west. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Newnes Line". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:newnes. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Gwabegar Line". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:gwabegar. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Troy Junction - Merrygoen Line". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:troy_junction_merrygoen. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Binnaway - Werris Creek Line". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:binnaway_werris_creek. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Oberon Branch". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:oberon. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Coonamble Branch". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:coonamble. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Parkes - Narromine Line". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:parkes_narromine. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Warren Branch". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:warren. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Cobar Branch". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:cobar. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- ^ "Brewarrina Branch". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:brewarrina. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
Railway Lines in New South Wales Main lines Country branch lines
Berrima Line • Binnaway-Werris Creek Line • Blayney-Demondrille Line • Boggabilla Branch • Bombala Line • Canberra Branch • Cobar Branch • Coonamble Branch • Grenfell Branch • Gwabegar Line • Hay Branch • Lake Cargelligo Branch • Medway Quarry Branch • Mungindi Line • Naradhan Branch • Newcastle branch • Oaklands Branch • Parkes to Narromine Line • Picton - Mittagong loop • Pokataroo Branch • Sandy Hollow - Gulgong Line • South Maitland Railway • Stockinbingal - Parkes Line • Temora to Roto Line • Tottenham Branch • Troy Junction - Merrygoen Line • Unanderra - Moss Vale Line • Walgett Branch • Warren Branch • Yanco - Griffith Line
Closed: Ballina line • Barraba line • Belmont line • Boorowa branch • Brewarrina Line • Burcher Branch • Camden Branch • Captains Flat Branch • Corowa Branch • Crookwell line • Dorrigo Line • Eugowra branch • Holbrook Branch • Kunama (Batlow) Branch • Kywong Branch • Merriwa line • Molong to Dubbo line • Morpeth line • Mount Hope line • Murwillumbah Branch • Newnes line • Oberon Line • Rand Branch • Rankins Springs Branch • Richmond Vale Railway • Taralga Branch • Tocumwal line • Toronto Line • Tumbarumba Line • Tumut Branch •Wallsend Branch • Westby Branch
Main Suburban Line • City Circle
Airport Line • Bankstown Line • Carlingford Line • Cumberland Line • Cronulla Line • Eastern Suburbs Line • East Hills Line • Epping to Chatswood Line • Illawarra Line • Inner West Line • North Shore Line • Northern Line • Olympic Park Line • Richmond Line • South Line • Western Line
Closed: Camden Line • Kurrajong Line • Rogans Hill Line • Ropes Creek Line • Royal National Park Line • Sandown Line
Interurban and regional passenger services Proposed or under construction Tourist & heritage railways
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