Norio Ohga


Norio Ohga
Norio Ohga
Born January 29, 1930(1930-01-29)
Numazu, Shizuoka, Japan
Died April 23, 2011(2011-04-23) (aged 81)
Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Education Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music
Berlin University of the Arts
Occupation Businessperson, Singer (Baritone), Conductor
Organization Sony
Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra
Known for Sony
Spouse Midori Matsubara

Norio Ohga (大賀典雄 Ōga Norio?), otherwise spelled Norio Oga, (January 29, 1930 – April 23, 2011) was the former president and chairman of Sony Corporation, credited with spurring the development [1] of the compact disc as a commercially viable audio format.

Contents

Biography

Early career

Ohga was born in Numazu, Shizuoka.[2] When he was a child, he suffered tuberculosis that kept him in bed for a long time during which an acquaintance taught him physics and music. As a young man, Ohga aspired to be a professional opera singer, and went on to read at the prestigious Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music, graduating in 1953. It was a highly critical letter written to the Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo KK (also known as Totsuko and later as Sony), complaining about their tape recorder’s many failings that got him noticed by Masaru Ibuka, Akio Morita and other Totsuko executives. Because of his insight in music and technology, the company hired him as a part-time consultant.[3] He went on to study music in Munich and Berlin, where he formed a friendship with the conductor Herbert von Karajan.[4] The young man's knowledge of sound and electrical engineering continued to be an asset to the company, and rising to become the president of CBS/Sony Records Inc. (currently Sony Music Entertainment Japan) in 1970, by the age of 40 - this was unprecedented in the history of the Japanese company.[5]

Later career

He was made the president of Sony in 1982, and the CEO of Sony in 1989. That same year, he purchased Columbia Pictures Entertainment (currently Sony Pictures Entertainment) from the Coca-Cola Company for $3.4 billion.[6][7]A year earlier, he acquired the CBS Records Group (currently Sony Music Entertainment) from Columbia Broadcasting System. Ohga also played a key role in establishing Sony Computer Entertainment in 1993. He supported Ken Kutaragi to develop the PlayStation as a Sony-owned console.

In 1994 he succeeded co-founder Akio Morita as Sony chairman. The next year he selected Nobuyuki Idei as the company's next president, a decision he later told author John Nathan appalled 99 out of 100 people at the company, and it led to a sweeping reorganization of the company. Indeed, Idei lasted until 2005 when he was succeeded by Howard Stringer. Idei became Co-CEO with Ohga in 1998, and sole CEO in 1999.

In 2000 he became semi-retired, staying Chairman of the Board while Idei became Executive Chairman, and on his 73rd birthday in 2003 Ohga retired from the board and became Honorary Chairman. In later years, he developed a driving ambition to conduct great orchestras.[4][8] He died in Tokyo.

Awards

His international recognition included the Japanese Medal of Honor with Blue Ribbon (2001), Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure (2001) and France's Legion of Honour.[6]

References

External links

Business positions
Preceded by
President of Sony Corporation
1982–1989
Succeeded by
Nobuyuki Idei
Preceded by
CEO of Sony Corporation
1989–1999
Succeeded by
Nobuyuki Idei
Preceded by
Akio Morita
Chairman of the Board of Sony Corporation
1994–2003
Succeeded by
Nobuyuki Idei
Preceded by
Honorary Chairman of Sony Corporation
2003–2011
Succeeded by

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norio Ohga — Norio Ohga, né le 29 janvier 1930 à Numazu, préfecture de Shizuoka, et mort le 23 avril 2011, est un homme d affaires japonais. Président de l entreprise Sony de 1982 à 1995, il contribue au succès du disque compact, développé conjointement par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Norio Ōga — (jap. 大賀 典雄, Ōga Norio; * 29. Januar 1930 in Numazu, Präfektur Shizuoka; † 23. April 2011 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Geschäftsmann. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Musik 2 Karriere bei Sony …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nobuyuki Idei — (出井 伸之, Idei Nobuyuki; born November 22, 1937) was a former Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation until the 7th March 2005. He is also a director of General Motors, Accenture, Baidu, Yoshimoto Kogyo and Nestlé.… …   Wikipedia

  • Sony Music Entertainment Japan — Sony Music Entertainment (Japan) Inc. 株式会社ソニー・ミュージックエンタテインメント Type Subsidiary of Sony Corporation Industry Music Founded 1968 as CBS/Sony Records Inc. Headquarters Rokubancho, Chiyoda, Tokyo. Japan …   Wikipedia

  • Compact Disc — CD redirects here. For other uses, see CD (disambiguation). Not to be confused with DVD. Compact disc The readable surface of a Compact Disc incl …   Wikipedia

  • Ken Kutaragi — Infobox Person name = Ken Kutaragi caption = birth date = Birth date and age|1950|8|8|mf=y birth place = Tokyo, Japan death date = death place = occupation = Founder of PlayStation spouse = nihongo|Ken Kutaragi|久夛良木 健| Kutaragi Ken |born August 8 …   Wikipedia

  • Ken Kutaragi — Nacimiento 2 de agosto de 1950 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Akio Morita — Born January 26, 1921(1921 01 26) Nagoya, Aichi, Japan[1] Died October 3, 1999(1999 10 03) (aged 78) Tokyo, Japan National …   Wikipedia

  • Audio-CD — Die Compact Disc Digital Audio (kurz CD DA, auch Audio Compact Disc, Audio CD oder Digital Audio CD) ist ein optischer Massenspeicher, der seit 1979 von Philips und Sony zur digitalen Speicherung von Musik entwickelt wurde und die Schallplatte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AudioCD — Die Compact Disc Digital Audio (kurz CD DA, auch Audio Compact Disc, Audio CD oder Digital Audio CD) ist ein optischer Massenspeicher, der seit 1979 von Philips und Sony zur digitalen Speicherung von Musik entwickelt wurde und die Schallplatte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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