Boards of improvement commissioners were ad-hoc boards created during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in the
United Kingdom. They were an early form of local government.
The first Improvement Commission was the
ManchesterPolice Commission, established in 1765. This was followed by the Birmingham Street Commissionersin 1769.Clyde Binfield et al, "The History of the City of Sheffield 1843 - 1993: Volume I: Politics"]
Around 300 boards were created, each by a
private actof parliament, typically termed an Improvement Act.Ed. Juliet Gardiner, "The Penguin Dictionary of English History"] The powers of the boards varied according to the acts which created them. They often included street paving, cleansing, lighting, providing watchmenor dealing with various public nuisances. [Hampton, W., "Local Government and Urban Politics", (1991)]
Commissions were rate
levying bodies. They maintained themselves either by co-opting new members, by holding elections at which all ratepayers could vote, or by taking all ratepayers taxed over a certain rate as automatic members.
During the mid-nineteenth century, some commissions came under
Chartistcontrol, for example, the Manchester Police and Gas Commissions, the LeedsImprovement Commission, the BradfordHighway Commission and the SheffieldHighway Commission. [Richard Price, "British Society, 1680-1880: Dynamism, Containment and Change"] Municipal corporations and boards of health would later be able to absorb the powers of the improvement commissioners by promoting private acts. [Bryne, T., "Local Government in Britain", (1994)]
Birmingham Street Commissioners
Sheffield Improvement Commission
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Birmingham Street Commissioners — The Birmingham Street Commissioners were created in Birmingham, England by the Birmingham Improvement Act 1769. Subsequent Improvement Acts 1773, 1801, and 1812 gave increased powers to the Street Commissioners. In 1812, they became responsible… … Wikipedia
Town Commissioners — were elected local government bodies established in urban areas in the island of Ireland in the nineteenth century. Larger towns with commissioners were converted to urban districts by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, with the smaller… … Wikipedia
Moffat Tunnel Improvement District — The Moffat Tunnel Improvement District was an independent entity of the State of Colorado created to build and manage the Moffat Tunnel, a railroad and water tunnel under James Peak and Rollins Pass. The district had the authority to sell bonds… … Wikipedia
Oklahoma Commissioners of the Land Office — Great Seal of Oklahoma Agency overview Formed November 16, 1907 Headquarters 1 … Wikipedia
Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League — The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) is an international self help organization founded by Marcus Garvey. It was originally chartered under the name Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation… … Wikipedia
Oklahoma Capitol Improvement Authority — Great Seal of Oklahoma Agency overview Formed June 27, 1959 Headquarters Will Rog … Wikipedia
Ashworth Improvement Plan — The Ashworth Improvement Plan was a report that recommended a number of improvements to be made to the electrified suburban railways of inner city Melbourne, Australia. It was produced in 1940 by a committee headed by John Marmaduke Ashworth, the … Wikipedia
Indiana Mammoth Internal Improvement Act — Mammoth Internal Improvement Act Map showing the extent of the projects along with portions that were not completed by the state Enacted by Governor Noah Noble Date … Wikipedia
National Association of Insurance Commissioners - NAIC — A nationwide organization whose main responsibility is to protect the interests of insurance consumers. Some of the main objectives of the NAIC are to provide support to insurance regulators across the country by promoting competitive markets,… … Investment dictionary
County Borough of Bury — Bury Motto: Vincit Omnia Industria (Industry overcomes all things) Bury Town Hall Geography … Wikipedia