Halve Maen

Half Moon in Hudson.jpg
The Halve Maen in the Hudson River
Career (Dutch Republic) Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg
Name: Halve Maen
Owner: Dutch East India Company
Chamber of Amsterdam
Completed: 1608

The Halve Maen (English: Half Moon) was a Dutch East India Company vlieboot (similar to a carrack) which sailed into what is now New York harbor in September 1609. It was commissioned by the Dutch Republic to covertly find an eastern passage to China. The ship was captained by Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the service of the Dutch Republic.[1]

Contents

History

Halve Maen replica towed along the Amstel

The Halve Maen sailed from Amsterdam to the Arctic, turning westward to traverse the Atlantic Ocean, then sailed from Newfoundland to the south in search of the Northwest Passage.

In his 1625 book New World,[2] which contains invaluable extracts from Hudson’s lost journal, Johannes de Laet, a director of the West India Company, writes that they "bent their course to the south until, running south-southwest and southwest by south, they again made land in latitude 41° 43’, which they supposed to be an island, and gave it the name of New Holland, but afterwards discovered that it was Cape Cod".

From there they sailed south to Chesapeake and then went north along the coast navigating first the Delaware Bay and, subsequently, the bay of the river which Hudson named the Mauritius River, for Holland's Lord-Lieutenant Maurits. The Halve Maen sailed up Hudson's river as far as the present day location of Albany, New York, where the crew determined the water was too narrow and too shallow for farther progress. Concluding then that the river was also not a passage to the east, Hudson exited the river, naming the natives that dwelled on either side of the Mauritus estuary the Manahata. Leaving the estuary, he sailed north-eastward, never realizing that what are now the islands of Manhattan and Long Island were islands, and crossed the Atlantic to England where he sailed into Dartmouth harbor with the Dutch East India Company ship and crew.

In 1618 the ship was destroyed during an English attack on Jakarta in the Dutch East Indies.

A map of 1610 depicts the Manahatas west and east of Hudson’s river and from which the name Manhattan originates.

Replicas

1909 Replica of Halve Maen

In 1909 a replica of Halve Maen was gifted to the United States by the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage. The ship was constructed at the Rijksmarinewerf in Amsterdam. The keel was laid on 29 October 1908 and on 15 April 1909 the ship was launched and then transported to the US on the Holland America Lines freight liner Soestdijk. This replica was eventually towed to Cohoes, New York and perished in a fire on July 22, 1934.[3]

Another replica of the Halve Maen (officially Anglicized as Half Moon) was constructed in Albany, New York in 1989 by the New Netherland Museum. The museum contracted with Nicholas S. Benton to design and build the replica. Mr. Benton, a master ship-rigger and shipwright, was president of the Rigging Gang of Middletown, Rhode Island, which specialized in colonial ship restoration and design. To prepare for building the Half Moon, a $1 million project, he visited maritime museums in the Netherlands and the United States. After his death while assisting with the rigging of another vessel, the construction of the Half Moon was completed by the New Netherland Museum. The year 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the Halve Maen's voyage. For the anniversary, the crown prince of the Netherlands and his wife were on board, as well as students from a Dutch school. This fact was marked in September 2009 with festivals, music, sailing ships parading around New York Harbor.[4]

2005 replica of Halve Maen docked in the Hudson River at Albany, New York

The replica ship sails in and around the Hudson River and serves as a traveling museum that conducts programs for youth and adults about the history of the Dutch colony called New Netherland. With its voyages of discovery and 4th and 7th grade interdisciplinary curricula, the ship pursues a comprehensive education program. A non-for-profit organization, the Half Moon is run by a crew of volunteers that range in age from their teens to octogenarians.

At 10-foot (3.0 m) in both height and length, the model of the Halve Maen on top of the SUNY System Administration Building in Albany, New York, is the largest working weathervane in North America.

See also

  • History of Albany, New York

References

  1. ^ Peter C. Mancall "Strangers in a New Land," American Heritage, Spring 2009.
  2. ^ Johannes de Laet (Dutch Wikipedia) (1625). Nieuwe Wereldt, ofte beschrijvinghe van West-Indien (New World, or the description of West India). Leiden. 
  3. ^ http://notorc.blogspot.com/2009/08/rediscovering-henry-hudsons-half-moon.html
  4. ^ NY400 website

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Halve Maen — bezeichnet: Halve Maen (1600), Segelschiff der niederländischen Ostindischen Companie und Expeditionsschiff von Henry Hudson im 17. Jahrhundert Halve Maen II, Nachbau von Henry Hudsons Expeditionsschiff aus dem Jahr 1909 Halve Maen (2005),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halve Maen — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Halve Maen était le navire de Henry Hudson lors de son voyage d exploration nord américain en 1609 Halve Maen est un album du groupe Double Leopards De …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Halve maen (navire) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halve Maen. Halve Maen Le Halve Maen (Demi Lune en français) est le navire util …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Halve maen (album) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halve Maen. Halve Maen est un double album du groupe de drone Double Leopards. Il s agit du disque le plus célèbre du groupe et est souvent considéré comme sa plus grande réussite. Publié originalement sur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Halve Maen (navire) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halve Maen. Halve Maen (réplique) Le Halve Maen (« demi lune » en français) est le navire utilisé par Henry Hudson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Halve Maen (1600) — Vom historischen Fahrzeug scheinen sich keine zeitgenössischen Darstellungen erhalten zu haben, dafür vom ersten Nachbau um so mehr. Die Halve Maen (zu deutsch Halbmond) war ein um 1600 erbautes, damals als Yacht klassifiziertes dreimastiges… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halve Maen (2005) — Seit April 2005 betreibt das Biesboschcentrum in Dordrecht ein umweltfreundliches und behindertengerechtes Fahrgastboot mit Hybridantrieb, das sogenannte Flüsterboot Halve Maen, benannt nach einem ehemaligen VOC Schiff Halve Maen. (Halve Maen =… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halve Maen (album) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halve Maen. Halve Maen est un double album du groupe de drone Double Leopards. Il s agit du disque le plus célèbre du groupe et est souvent considéré comme sa plus grande réussite. Publié originalement sur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • De Halve Maen (Efteling) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halve Maen. De Halve Maen Le bateau balançoire Halve Maen et le petit port en arrière plan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • De Halve Maen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Halve Maen. De Halve Maen est un périodique historique américain, publié à New York par la Holland Society of New York depuis 1922. Publication trimestrielle, différents universitaires et historiens y font… …   Wikipédia en Français


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