French First Republic


French First Republic

Infobox Former Country
native_name = "République française"
conventional_long_name = French Republic
common_name = France, Republic 1|
continent = Europe
region = Western Europe
country = France
era =
status =
status_text=
empire =
government_type = Republic|
year_start = 1792
year_end = 1804 |
event_pre = Storming of the Bastille
and French Revolution
date_pre =
14 July 1789
event_start = Overthrow of Louis XVI
date_start = 21 September 1792
event1 = Committee of Public Safety
and Reign of Terror
date_event1 = 5 September 1793 to
28 July 1794
event2 = Thermidorian Reaction
date_event2 = 24 July 1794
event3 = Coup of 18 Brumaire
date_event3 = 9 November 1799
event_end = Crowning of Napoleon
date_end = 18 May 1804

p1 = Early Modern France
flag_p1 = Pavillon royal de France.svg
s1 = First French Empire
flag_s1 = Flag of France.svg|



symbol_type = Emblem of the Napoleonic Consulate

|
capital = Paris
national_motto = _fr. "Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!"
(Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or death!)
national_anthem = La Marseillaise (unofficial)
common_languages = French
currency = French Franc
leader1 = National Convention
(rule by legislature)
year_leader1 = 1792–95
leader2 = Directory
year_leader2 = 1795–99
leader3 = Consulate, First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte
year_leader3 = 1799–1804
title_leader =
legislature = National Convention
French Directory
French Consulate
The First Republic in France, officially the French Republic ( _fr. République française) was proclaimed on 21 September 1792, during the French Revolution. On that day Louis XVI was formally deposed, ending the French monarchy. This presaged a new era of republican government in Europe.

The Republic officially lasted until the establishment of the First French Empire in 1804. Its leaders included Napoleon Bonaparte, who served as First Consul from 1799 to 1804, when he ended the republic by declaring himself Emperor Napoleon I.

Constitutionally, the Republic subdivided into government by:
* the National Convention: 1792–95, Maximilien Robespierre, Reign of Terror
* the Directory: 1795–99, Paul Barras, Thermidorean Reaction
* the Consulate: 1799–1804, Napoleon Bonaparte, Coup of 18 Brumaire

See also

* Timeline of the French Revolution


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