Robert Anderson Van Wyck
Robert Anderson Van Wyck, (pronounced Van Wike [Paumgarten, Nick. [http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2001/06/11/010611ta_TALK_DEPT_OF_ONCE "The Van Wyck Question"] , "
The New Yorker", June 11, 2001. Accessed September 12, 2008.] ) ( July 20, 1849– November 14, 1918) was the first mayor of New York Cityafter the consolidation of the five boroughs into the City of New York in 1898.
The son of William Van Wyck and brother of
Augustus Van Wyck, he was prepared for college at the Wilson Academyin North Carolina, and later graduated from Columbia, where he was valedictorianof his class. He then passed a number of years in mercantile life, after which he became an able lawyer and enjoyed a large practice for many years. Later, he was elected Judge of the City Court of New York, becoming thereafter Chief Justice. He resigned to accept the Democratic Party nomination for Mayor of Greater New York, and was elected by a very large majority. He served as mayor of New York Citybetween 1898 and 1901 and was the first mayor to govern New York Cityafter its five boroughshad been consolidated into a single city.
He was a member of the Holland Society, of which he became President. He belonged to many of the social clubs of the city, and was prominent in
Masoniccircles, being a member of The Ancient Lodge, New York City. For many years he took a most active interest in party matters, attending many conventions, State and national. He subsequently became intensely fond of traveling, and indulged in that pleasure to a very large extent.
As Mayor, he brought together the innumerable municipal corporations comprising the greater city, adjusting their finances and bringing order out of almost total chaos. He also caused to be constructed the first subway railroad in
Manhattan, and provided for the construction of the proposed Brooklyn Tunnel.
Van Wyck is generally regarded as a colorless mayor, selected by the
sachems (leaders) of Tammany Hallas a man who would do little to interfere with their running of the city. He was, however, no more averse than many of his colleagues to enriching himself once actually in office. Initially highly popular as a result of his reversal of the various reforms introduced by the preceding Fusion administration, Van Wyck's mayoralty foundered on the issue of the so-called 'Ice Trust' scandal on 1900. One of the most serious reverses ever suffered by a Tammany mayor, the scandal followed on the revelation, made by the "New York World", that the American Ice Company of Charles W. Morseplanned to double the price of ice from 30 to 60 cents per hundred pounds. In the era before refrigeration, this was a potentially deadly decision, since ice was the only preservative available to keep food, milk and medicines fresh, and the new price would have put the product out of the reach of many of the city's poor — Tammany's main power base.
Public outcry was such that American Ice was forced to reverse its decision, but not before Van Wyck's political rivals had forced an investigation that eventually revealed not only that American Ice had secured an effective monopoly over the supply of its product to the city — it was the only company with rights to land ice at New York piers — but also that Van Wyck, whose salary as mayor was only $15,000, owned, and had apparently not paid for, $680,000 worth of American Ice stock.
The ice trust scandal destroyed Van Wyck's political career and was generally have reckoned to have cost Tammany the elections of 1901, which went to the Fusion reformist slate led by
Seth Low. The "New York Times", looking back two years later, characterized the Van Wyck administration as one mired in "black ooze and slime". However, in an investigation conducted by Governor Theodore Roosevelt, it was determined that Van Wyck had not been personally implicated in the Ice Trust Scandal [Kenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City: The New York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 1225.] .
In 1906, Van Wyck moved to
Paris, France, where he died at the age of 69 on November 14, 1918. The funeral was held at American Holy Trinity Church. [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Robert A. Van Wyck Dies in Paris Home. First Mayor of Greater New York Had Lived Abroad for 12 Years. His Administration Marked by So Called Ice Trust, Ramapo WaterSteal, and Police Scandals. In Administrative Scandals. Police Department Accused. Effort Made to Remove Him. |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9905E5DB1239E13ABC4E52DFB7678383609EDE |quote=Robert A. Van Wyck, former Mayor of New York City, is dead here. Funeral services will be held Saturday morning in the American Holy Trinity Church. |publisher= New York Times|date= |accessdate=2008-06-22 ]
*"Descendants of Cornelius Barentse Van Wyck and Anna Polhemus," by Anne Van Wyck. New York, Tobias A. Wright Printer and Publisher, 1912: 207-208.
* Oliver Allen (1993). "The Tiger: The Rise and Fall of Tammany Hall". New York: Addison Wesley.
* "New York Times" 4 November 1903.
* "New York Times" 16 November 1918.
* "New York Times" 4 January 1919.
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