The Hack Circle or 'Hack' was a nickname given to an
amphitheatrein central Christchurch, New Zealand.Chch emos have style, lack anguish "The Press" 2006-10-21] It was built as part of the second phase of developing a pedestrian mall in the central city in 1989and was officially opened on December 6of that same year by then mayor Vicki Buck. For a time it was a popular hacky sack venue (hence the name), latter it became a popular hang out for "black-dressed emos, goths, heavy metalfans and United Statesstyle gangstas".City Mall plan 'bars youths' "The Press" 2006-10-21] A 2004survey conducted by the Christchurch City Councilidentified the Hack Circle as a popular place for young people to "hang out, smoke, meet friends etc."cite web | title = Urban Leisure Report - Young People in the Central City | work = Christchurch City Council | url = http://ccc.govt.nz/Reports/2004/UrbanLeisureReport/UrbanLeisureReport.pdf] The same survey found that 90% of 13-15 year olds and 94% of 16-18 years olds came to the central city in their spare time.
Christchurch police claimed the Hack Circle was a venue for criminal activity; on
October 20 2006a 19 year old was arrested for swinging a metal pipe around, and police claim that aggravated robbery, assault and the trafficking of cannabishappened in the area. Sergeant Murry Hurst told The Pressthat "Ninety per cent of the kids hanging around there are fine, the other 10% cause the problems."
2007Senior Sergeant Glenn Dobson told "The Press" that the young people in the Hack Circle were not as intimidating as they could look to others, and commented that " [W] e can't move them on because they look different"cite web | title = Business group targets central city | work = The Press | url = http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/thepress/3969912a6530.html | date = 2007-02-22] . Millionaire Christchurch property owner Antony Gough, who is considered one of the most powerful people in the city [cite web | title = Last years top 50 | work = Stuff.co.nz | url = http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/thepress/3896470a15555.html | date = 2006-12-11] was an advocate of stronger security for the Cashel Street mall, particularly the Hack Circle, telling "The Press" that the people who associate there "are just very scary"
In October 2006, the city council announced plans to demolish the amphitheatre and replace the pedestrian mall its located in with a one way slow road. Daniel Griffiths, a student at nearby Unlimited high school, stated that the council plan was to remove an "undesirable youth element" though the council stated this was not their intention.
December 142006 the city council voted 7-6 to go ahead with plans to build a road through the pedestrian mall that the Hack Circle is located in, despite "overwhelming opposition"cite web | title = City Mall will be open to traffic | work = Stuff.co.nz | url = http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/thepress/3900418a6530.html | date = 2006-12-15] . Councilor Bob Shearingsaid the council's original decision to dump the slow-road happened because it was captivated by a group of people using the City Mall as a "school playground". This comment was criticized by a number of Christchurch citizens, the December 19issue of "The Press" carried a number letters to the editor on the subject, one stated "I am appalled at the sneering remark by Cr Bob Shearing, about young people using the mall as a school playground. What sort of message does it send to the young people who took the time and effort, not only to write a submission but to front up to the council to present it?" [Council Not Listening (letter), "The Press" 2006-12-19] . Another noted that of the 570 submissions to the council on the plans to build a road, 400 of them were against the proposal, commenting "it is clear the council cares not a jot for public feedback" [Feedback doesn't count (letter), "The Press" 2006-12-19]
May 18 2007 Food not Bombsand students from Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti gathered in the Hack Circle to "reclaim public space" and oppose the plans of the city council and the business group appointed to manage the area (Central City Business Association/City Mall Business Steering Committee) chaired by Anthony Gough, and also including business owner Richard Ballantyne and property developer Dave Henderson, [cite web | title = Reclaim Public Space, Chch | work = Indymedia Aotearoa | url = http://indymedia.org.nz/newswire/display/73094/index.php | date = 2007-05-27] As well as Melbournebased property investor Michael Ogilvie-Lee, who was a significant financial backer of mayor Bob Parkers 2007 election campaign. [cite web | title = Inner-city advocate helped fund Parker campaign | work = The Press | url = http://www.stuff.co.nz/4253657a24035.html | date = 2007-10-29]
Destruction of the Hack Circle began in February 2008.
= Opposition and Protest =
The destruction of the Hack Circle was an important issue for young people in Christchurch; in August 2007
Canterbury Universitystudent magazine Canta questioned four students on the issue, all had strong opinions on the redevelopment, despite apathetic opinions on other issues such as Student Association elections. [The Inquisition "Canta" 2007-08-08] Gloria Sharplin, a spokesperson for a protest the occurred at the mall on August 7, told "The Press" "Young people are being made to feel unwelcome. The hack circle and the fountain are not great places, but it is all you have when you have no money. They can't shut us up and just drive us out of the city." [cite web | title = Protest over Mall Changes | work = The Press | url = http://stuff.co.nz/4155182a19753.html | date = 2007-08-07]
Another protest occurred on August 13 2007, as demolition of the fountain near the Hack Circle began. A number of young people were arrested for protesting against the demolition in the afternoon. cite web | title = 13 teenagers arrested in City Mall protest | work = The Press | url = http://www.stuff.co.nz/4163505a6009.html | date =
2007-08-14] That morning local industrialist Sir Robertson Stewart the public benefactor who had offered to continue his family's funding of the fountain, had died. Protester Jayde Henry commented "It's terrible that they started today. They must have known,"
* [http://www.ccc.govt.nz/CentralCity/CityMall/ Christchurch Central City Revitalisation Project] Christchurch City Council plan involving the removal of the "Hack Circle" amphitheatre.
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